List of African Countries
Africa is known to be the second-largest continent in the world after Asia. It also stands second in terms of population. There are in total 54 countries on the African continent.
The human species is believed to emerge from Africa, which is considered the oldest continent. It is believed that after the evolution of humans from apes majority of them were hunters. Later on, some of the groups left Africa to habitat across the world.
The Sahara around 10,500 BC was believed to have been a green fertile land but around 5000 BC the dry climate had started to become evident. Around 3300 BC in northern Africa, a rise in literacy was seen especially in the Pharaonic civilization. The Pharaonic civilization is said to be one of the long-lasting civilizations.
The slave trading that was practiced for a long time, noticed a rise in the 15th to 19th century. The independence movement in Africa seemed to have started after World War II. At present Africa consists of 54 sovereign countries, and these borders seem to be the same as that of European colonialism. The African states seem to be affected because of the colonialism that caused corruption, violence, and authoritarianism.
The African Continent is divided into two parts by the equator. While one half lies on the tropic of Cancer other part lies on the tropic of Capricorn. Africa is rich in minerals that include fossil fuels, metallic ores, gems and precious metals.
Africa is divided into different regions, which are described below;
Northern Africa includes the following African countries;
The northern side of Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean sea and the North Atlantic ocean.
The Sahel (region of western and north-central Africa)
The Sahel consists of the following countries:
This area of Africa consists of various nomadic life and pyramids and even mosques.
Western Africa consists of the following countries:
This is the most developing area in Africa.
Central Africa consists of the following countries:
This area contains the world's second-largest jungle - the Congo forest.
East Africa consists of the following countries:
The eastern African premise is surrounded by the red sea and the Indian Ocean.
Southern Africa consists of the following countries:
This place is mainly influenced by Europeans.
African Countries' list with Region