LIST OF COLORS
Colors speak louder than words. Colorful things fill every heart and soul with joy. Different sheds of color signs the positivity of life. It is beautiful colors that can make one smile, and sometimes it is the color that also symbolizes sadness. So every object or substance that we can see in the world is because of its color.
What is color?
Colors are the things that we can see after the reflection of light on an object. When the light falls on an object or substances, the substance absorbs and reflects back the wavelength of the light. The wavelength reflected by the substance is the color of the light that we can see. There are infinite verities of colors in which about 1640 are named colors.
List of some colors
Contradiction in number of colors
However, the number of colors varies in the world. It is considered that there are 18 decillions (18 followed by 33 zeros) colors in the world. We may say it is infinite color. But in the scientist's lab, there are 10 million light and dark sheds of colors. Whatever the calculations is, it is clear that there is no exact total number of colors because it varies on an individual basis. The shades of colors may be infinite, but in the case of basic colors, there are limited colors. There are two basic colors black and white color. All the dark shades are made up of black color, and all the light sheds are made up of white color. Further, according to English color, all shades of colors are made out of 11 basic colors that are: Black, White, Red, Green, Yellow, Blue, Pink, Gray, Brown, Orange, and Purple. So there are so many contradictions in the number and theories of colors.
Three basic divisions of colors
Apart from the above contradiction on the number of colors, the color is divided into three basic types, primary, secondary, and tertiary color. And actually, the whole theory of color is based on these basics colors that are acceptable to all. Now we see the details of these basic types.
Now there are three Primary Colors RGB (red, green, and blue) and RYB (red, yellow, and blue). Actually, in the world of art, the painters considered the RYB the primary color as it was present in nature. According to them, red represents fire; blue represents water, and yellow represent turmeric. So traditionally, they use these three primary colors, and by mixing them, they made different sheds of colors. On the other hand, in the world of science or physics, RGB (red, green, and blue) are considered the primary colors of light. These two are different theories, the theory related to the mixing of hue and paints as well as related to the painters is called subtractive, and the theory related to the mixing of colors of lights as well as related to science is called additive.
What is Subtractive and Additive color theory?
In The subtractive color theory, from lighter color, we go to the darker, as when on the white paper we mix the primary RYB paint colors we get the darker color. Cyan, magenta, and yellow (secondary colors), also called CMY, are generally used as subtractive colors. Because when we mix all these three colors in equal quantity, the light colors are subtracted, producing black color. On the other hand, in additive color theory, we go from darker to lighter. As after mixing the primary RGB colors of light, we get light color. The additive colors are used for electronic devices like mobile phones, televisions, monitors of computers, laptops, tablets, etc. these devices start from dark and end to light. So overall, in additive color theory, we mix RGB colors of light, and the more we add the color, the lighter we get. So it is used for electronic devices, and in subtractive color theory, we mix RYB paint colors, and the more we add, the darker we get. It is used for the fine arts as well as for the printers.
Symbolic significance of colors
Further, Colors are also used for showing feelings, emotions, and desires. Even, through the different color effects, we can draw all aspects of life. Like through color effect, we can draw the joyfulness, sadness, evil, divine, terror, peace, etc. Through color, we can know one's personality as well as psychology. Some colors show warmness like; red, orange, and yellow colors sheds, while some color shows coolness like green, blue, and purple color sheds. In this way, different color shows different theme also. So we can say colors are the words colors are the speech which without saying can express everything.
Wheel of 12 main colors
In the wheel of 12 main colors, red, orange, yellow, chartreuse green, spring, green, cyan, azure, blue, violet, magenta, and rose are there. These colors are basically primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. In wavelength, frequency, and energy of the primary colors, the red color has the highest wavelength 650 (nm), frequency 4.62 (1014 Hz), and energy 1.91 (eV). The Yellow color's wavelength is 580 (nm), frequency is 5.16 (1014 Hz), energy is 2.14 (eV). The Green color's wavelength is 550 (nm), frequency is 5.45 (1014 Hz), energy is 2.25 (eV). Blue color's wavelength is 450(nm), frequency is 6.66 (1014 Hz), energy is 2.75 (eV).
Let's discuss the meaning of these twelve colors.
Extremes of Colors
Most Bad Color: Pantone (the ugliest color in the world), also called drab dark brown. It is the color of tobacco.
Most Favourite Color: Blue is the most favorite color worldwide. More than 35% of the world's population likes this color.
Least Favorit Colour: Yellow is liked by fewest people in the world as of only 5% of the world's population.
Most Saddest and Happiest Colour: The dark colors like Grey and Black symbols of negative energy as it is the saddest color. In contrast, bright colors like Red, Yellow are colors of happiness.
Rarest Colour: Vantablack is the rarest color. It is also the darkest man-made pigment. It is created by the surrey nanosystems for exploring space. Its production process is special, so it is not available for the general public. That's why it is called the most rear color in the world.