List of IIT in India
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are self-governing public technological institutes located throughout India. It is regulated by the Indian government's Ministry of Education. The Institutes of Technology Act of 1961 oversees them and classifies them as Institutes of National Importance and establishes their powers, responsibilities, and governance framework. In the Act of 1961, the institute of technology list is having twenty-three institutes. Although they are linked by a common council (the IIT Council) that oversees their administration, each IIT is self-contained.
The IIT concept dates back to 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of the Viceroy's Executive Council formed a panel to discuss the establishment of Higher Technical Institutions for India's post-war financial development. The 22-member group, chaired by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar, advocated for developing these institutes in various parts of India, with linked secondary establishments similar to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur, West Bengal, became the first Indian Institute of Technology web page in May 1950.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad chose the name "Indian Institute of Technology" before officially inaugurating the institute on August 18, 1951. The Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act was approved by the Indian Parliament on September 15, 1956.
Admissions at IIT
Step 1: Enrol for the JEE (Main) exam
Based on their performance in JEE Main, around 150,000 students will be shortlisted for JEE Advanced.
Step 2: Enrol for the JEE (Advanced)
Only if your JEE (Main) exam score is greater than the NTA's officially declared minimum cut-off score for certain categories of students can you take the JEE (Advanced).
Step 3: Determine your All India Rank (AIR)
Those students who have given both papers 1st and 2nd of the JEE(Advanced) and scored at least 10% in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and a total of 35% in the three disciplines would be considered for the ranking. Depending on the type of student, the criterion for deciding grades varies.
Step 4: The Joint Seat Allocation Authority uses a standardized process to allocate seats at the various IITs (JoSAA)
If your name appears on the All India Rank List, you will be obliged to participate in the joint seat allocation process of the JoSAA.
Eligibility criteria for IIT
IIT has two unique eligibility criteria: one for JEE (Main) and one for JEE (Advanced).
1. Eligibility to sit for the JEE (Main) Exam: If the individual has been given any prestigious exam apart from the 12th exam or the person who has completed their 12th exam, both are eligible for JEE (Mains). For example, suppose the student is appearing or wants to give the JEE Mains in 2021. In that case, the student needs to fulfil both the above criteria or the student must have completed their Class 12th or equivalent examination in 2019 or 2020. You are also entitled to sit the 12th or an equivalent test in 2021.
2. Qualification to take the JEE (Advanced) Exam: The minimum eligibility requirement for JEE (Advanced) is that you must have passed from a recognized Board of education 12th or equivalent exam with at least 75 percent aggregate marks (65 percent for SC/ST/PWD) or be in the top 20% percentile of applicants who have passed the same Board's final 12th Board examination. You may also take the JEE (Advanced) if you take a class twelve or equivalent test from a recognized Board of Education during the same school year as the JEE (Advanced). In this case, you will only be qualifying for a limited time. Following that, you must meet the standards of having a cumulative GPA of at least 75% or being in the top 20% of successful candidates before being admitted. It is the most important information to know if you want to know how to get into IIT.
IIT Admissions Criteria
To get admission into an IIT, you must meet at least one of the two criteria listed below (after getting your board result).
Both the aggregate Class 12th marks and the top 20% percentile cut-off score will be calculated using the marks gained in the five subjects listed below:
List of IIT in India
Explanation of some popular IIT
1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
A public technical and research college in Kharagpur, West Bengal, India, is based on Indian authorities. The institute, founded in 1951 and known as an Institute of National Importance, was the first IIT.
In 2019, the Indian government granted the designation of Institute of Eminence to it. However, the institute's academic capabilities have grown throughout time, adding to the business, law, architecture, humanities, and other subjects. IIT Kharagpur has a campus that is 8.7 square kilometers (2,100 acres) in size and has approximately 22,000 people.
2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT Delhi)
The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi is a public technical and studies college in the Delhi neighbourhood of Hauz Khas India. It is one of the era's oldest institutes. The institute was formally launched in August 1961 by Professor Humayun Kabir, Minister of Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs. In 1961, the first students were admitted.
The current campus is 320 acres (1.3 km2) in size and is bounded on the east by the Sri Aurobindo Marg, on the west by the Jawaharlal Nehru University Complex, on the south by the National Council of Educational Research and Training, and on the north by the New Ring Road, with the Qutub Minar and the Taj Mahal flanking it. It was elevated to the status of a full university, with the jurisdiction to establish academic policy, administer examinations, and confer degrees.
3. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) IIT Roorkee (abbreviated IIT Roorkee or IITR) is a public technical and research university in Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India, led by Roorkee Director Ajit Kumar Chaturvedi.
Their previous names were the University of Roorkee (1949-2001) and Thomason College of Civil Engineering (1847-1949). It was designated as a university in 1949 and an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in 2001, making it the ninth IIT to be created. IIT Roorkee provides Engineering, Applied Sciences, Humanities & Social Sciences, management levels, clinical and technological training, and research.
4. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
It is one of India's top technological institutes. In 1959, an act of Parliament added the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. The Institute started operations in December 1959 in the Harcourt Butler Technological Institute building in Kanpur's Agricultural Gardens. In 1963, I.I.T. Kanpur relocated to its gift area.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur was established by nine major leading U.S. research universities (most notably M.I.T., University of California, Berkeley, California Institute of Technology, Princeton University, Carnegie Institute of Technology, University of Michigan, Ohio State University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Case Institute of Technology and Purdue University) as part of the Kanpur Indo-American Programme (KIAP).
5. BHU (Indian Institute of Technology) Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi (IIT BHU) is a technical and research institution. Banaras Engineering College was founded in 1919 and renamed Banaras Hindu University's Institute of Technology in 1968.
In 2012, it was recognized as an Indian Institute of Technology. There are 16 departments, three inter-disciplinary schools, and one Humanities and Social Sciences Section of the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) in Varanasi. It is not associated with Banaras Hindu University, despite its location on its campus.