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List of Satellites launched by India

An artificial object, a satellite, is a spacecraft that has been purposefully sent into orbit for a variety of reasons, including remote sensing, weather forecasting, picture mapping, educational purposes, and research.

Satellites are defined as anything that circles another object in the same way as the Moon orbits the Earth. These satellites are used for a variety of tasks, including weather forecasting, television broadcasting, radio transmission, GPS navigation, and internet connectivity, among other things.

Since 1975, India has been effectively deploying a variety of different kinds of satellite systems. The India Space Research Organization (ISRO), which was established in 1969, is often regarded as the country's only space research organization. The Indian Space Research Organization's headquarters are in Bangalore.

This list includes the vast majority of artificial satellites created and managed by the Republic of India, as well as some of its predecessor countries. Indian spacecraft of different varieties have been successfully launched since 1975. In addition to American, Russian, and European rockets, several spacecraft have also been deployed by Indian and other rockets sites from across the world. It is the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) that is in charge of the country's space program, and it is responsible for a large portion of the work involved in the design, construction, launch, and operation of the satellites.

Satellites are often classified into two categories:

  • Natural and,
  • Artificial

Out there in orbit, there are a plethora of natural and manmade satellites, each of which performs a certain role while also making our life on the planet easier in one way or another. The artificial satellites, as the name implies, are spacecraft that have been built by humans and launched from various nations. Accordingly, we have listed satellites launched by India.

List of Satellites launched by India

1975 - Aryabhata

Indian satellite Aryabhata was named after an ancient Indian mathematician, and it was the country's first satellite in orbit (5th century AD). From Kapustin Yar, Russia launched the spacecraft on April 19, 1975. Apogee was 619 kilometers away, perigee was 563 kilometers away, and the orbit had an inclination of 50.7 degrees. The orbit took 96.3 minutes and had apogee and perigee distances of 619 kilometers and 563 kilometers, respectively. X-ray astronomy, agronomics, and solar physics were among the topics of study for the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) when it launched Aryabhata into orbit in 2009. A 1.4 m in diameter polygon, the spacecraft had 26 sides. There were solar cells covering every surface (except the top and bottom). Experiments were discontinued after 4 days in space due to a power breakdown. All contact with the spacecraft was cut off after five days of operation. On February 11, 1992, early in the morning, the satellite descended down to Earth's atmosphere.

1979 - Bhaskara-1

It was India that created the world's first experimental remote sensing satellite. The images captured by the onboard TV cameras were utilized in the fields of hydrology and forestry. Oceanographic investigations were carried out using the extensive scientific data collected by SAMIR.

1979 - Rohini Technology Payload

Designed to handle 3W of electricity, RTP was a 35 kilograms experimental spin-stabilized satellite. On August 10, 1979, it took off from SHAR Center on SLV-3 for its first voyage. In order to keep an eye on the performance of the first Indian rocket, SLV-3, the satellite featured equipment. In spite of these difficulties, the satellite was able to reach its target orbit.

1980 - Rohini RS-1

An experimental spin-stabilized satellite, RS-1, weighed 35 kilograms and had a power output of 16 watts. An orbit with an inclination of 44.7 degrees was achieved after a successful SLV-3 launch from the SHAR Centre on July 18, 1980. Telemetry data from SLV-3's fourth stage was successfully sent during launch to the ground stations using RS-1 during this time period. The satellite was designed to stay in orbit for nine months. Digital sun sensors, Magnetometers, and temperature sensors were onboard the satellite.

1981 - Rohini RS D1

RS-D1 was a 38 kilograms prototype spin-stabilized spacecraft with a voltage regulation capacity of 16 watts that was built for research purposes. On May 31, 1981, it was deployed at SHAR Center on the SLV-3 spacecraft.

1981 - Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment

Launched on June 19, 1981 - APPLE was a prototype communication satellite with a C-Brand transponder.

1981 - Bhaskara II

Just like Bhaskara I, Bhaskara II was the second remote sensing prototype satellite.

1982 - INSAT 1A

A multi-purpose satellite system, Insat-1 provided two high-power television broadcasts and twelve telecoms countrywide coverage from a single orbiting platform.

1983 - Rohini RS D2

On April 17, 1983, it was deployed from SHAR Center on the SLV-3 spacecraft. The Smart Sensor Camera was the main payload carried aboard the satellite, and it was launched into orbit.

1983 - INSAT 1B

With two high-definition television broadcast transponders and twelve telecommunications national coverage transponders, as well as meteorological services, Insat-1 was a multi-purpose satellite system that served a variety of purposes.

1987 - SROSS 1

SROSS A (Stretched Rohini Satellite Series) was the first satellite of the Indian Space Research Organization's SROSS succession, and it was designed mainly to evaluate the operation of the new ASLV rocket, which was launched by the ISRO.

1988 - IRS 1A

Among IRS series, the state-of-the-art remote sensing satellites was one of which was officially deployed into polar sun-synchronous orbit.

1988 - SROSS 2

The spacecraft was launched into the second development site of the ASLV atop its launch vehicle. However, it was unable to reach orbit. Experimentation is the mission. 150 kg is the maximum weight.

1988 - INSAT 1C

The INSAT-1C satellite was launched on July 22, 1988, from Kourou, with a target orbital position of 93.5°E. Its mission was to get the INSAT network up to full operational capability.

1990 - INSAT 1D

INSAT-1D was the fourth and last multifunctional geostationary spacecraft of the INSAT-1 series, and it was launched in December 1998.

1991 - IRS 1B

The project's goal is to foster the creation of fresh views for the Indian scientific community as a whole, as well as the technological development and uses, as well as the more effective use of Earth's natural resources.

1992 - SROSS C

SROSS 3 conducted two experiments: one to identify gamma-ray bursts and another to analyze the Earth's upper atmosphere, both of which were successful.

1992 - INSAT 2DT

Despite the fact that INSAT-2D, which is identical to INSAT-2C, was launched on June 4, 1997, the satellite has been out of service since October 4, 1997, due to a power bus anomaly and accompanying difficulties.

1992 - INSAT 2A

The INSAT-2 satellite family is believed to be the second generation INSAT series for the 1990s, conceived and constructed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

1993 - INSAT 2B

INSAT-2B was the second satellite of the INSAT 2 Series to be safely launched, and it was designed to provide telecommunications and weather monitoring services.

1993 - IRS 1E

IRS-1E was an Observatory project conducted by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) as part of the National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) program.

1994 - SROSS C2

They are an advanced form of the gamma-ray burst experiments conducted out on the SROSS-C satellite, which were carried out effectively on the SROSS-C spacecraft.

1994 - IRS P2

IRS-P2 is one of the Earth monitoring satellites that are part of the Indian Remote Sensing Program, which is built, launched, and managed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

1995 - INSAT 2C

In functioning until this day! Has a television audience that extends beyond the borders of Indian Territory.

1995 - IRS 1C

IRS-1C is the world's first operating 2nd generation Remote Sensing Satellite. The satellite has payloads that have improved capabilities, such as higher spatial resolution, on board.

1996 - IRS P3

IRS P3 was a prototype Earth monitoring satellite built by the Indian Space Research Organization. The IRS P2 design served as the basis for the satellite.

1997 - INSAT 2D

Launched in 1997, INSAT-2D was similar to INSAT-2C until a supply system anomaly and subsequent issues rendered the satellite unusable on October 4, 1997.

1997 - IRS 1D

In 1997, PSLV-C1 launched IRS-1D, the first of its type, on September 29, 1997. The IRS - 2nd series of satellites includes IRS - 1D, a follow-up satellite to IRS - 1C.

1999 - INSAT 2E

INSAT-2E is geostationary communication and weather satellite managed by the Indian National Spacecraft System. It is the second satellite in the INSAT series.


IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT) is the first ocean-focused satellite, weighing in at 1050 kilogram's and orbiting at 720 kilometers in a Polar Sun Synchronous orbit, and was launched on May 26, 1999.

2000 - INSAT 3B

This is the first of five ISRO-built INSAT-3 class spacecraft to enter service with the INSAT constellation. The satellite has several uses for communication.

2001 - GSAT 1

GSAT-1 was an experimental communications satellite that was launched on the first mission of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).

2001 - TES

It was launched on October 22, 2001, with a mass of 1108 kg to test the novel response control mechanisms, high response wheels, and an attitude and orbit control system in an experiment.

2001 - INSAT 3C

ISRO developed and launched INSAT-3C, a multifunctional satellite, in January 2002 using an Ariane 5 rocket. The INSAT-3 series' second satellite, INSAT-3C, was launched into orbit on December 18, 2011.

2002 - Kalpana 1 METSAT

On September 12, 2002, the Indian Space Research Organization launched its first specialized meteorological satellite, Kalpana-1, utilizing the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.

2003 - INSAT 3A

Known as INSAT-3A, it is the third satellite in the INSAT-3 series and is a multifunctional satellite that may be used for telecommunications, television transmission, and other applications.

2003 - GSAT 2

It was one of the earliest Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles (GSLVs), and it was used to deploy a prototype communication satellite manufactured by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

2003 - INSAT 3E

INSAT-3E is the fourth satellite in the INSAT-3 series to be put into orbit. It is a dedicated communication satellite that will be used to further enhance the communication capabilities now offered by the INSAT System (International Navigation Satellite System).


The RS P6 (Indian Remote Sensing Satellite), also known as Resourcesat 1, is an Indian earth observation satellite that was put into polar orbit in 2003 and had been collecting data ever since.


GSAT-3, also known as EDUSAT, was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization on September 20, 2004.

2005 - HAMSAT

HAMSAT is a microsatellite dedicated to delivering satellite-based Amateur Radio services to the national and worldwide amateur radio communities (HAM).

2005 - CARTOSAT 1

Cartosat-1 was successfully launched on May 5, 2005. The fore-and-aft stereo capability of the PAN sensors onboard this satellite provides a resolution of 2.5 meters.

2005 - INSAT 4A

High-definition television, high-speed data transmission, and broadcasting were all goals of NSAT-4A.

2006 - INSAT 4C

The INSAT-4C was the 3rd satellite in the INSAT-4 series and the third spacecraft in the INSAT-4 series. It was launched in 2006.

2007 - CARTOSAT 2

Cartosat 2 is an earth observation satellite that was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 2007. It is one of nine spacecraft that make up the Cartosat constellation of satellites.

2007 - SRE 1

It is designed to showcase the technology of an orbiting platform for doing experiments under microgravity circumstances. The Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE - 1) is a 550-kilogram capsule launched into space in 2017.

2007 - INSAT 4B

It is the second satellite in the INSAT 4 series, and it is equipped with communications payloads that can only operate in the Ku and C frequency bands, respectively. At a longitude of 93.5o E, this satellite may be found beside INSAT-3A.

2007 - INSAT 4CR

The INSAT-4CR satellite is the series' third installment. It has 12 powerful DTH transponders in the Ku-band frequency range.

2008 - CARTOSAT 2A

In a Sun-synchronous orbit, Cartosat-2A is an Earth observation satellite that is the third in the Cartosat series.

2008 - IMS 1

IMS-1, formerly known as TWSat (Third World Satellite), is an Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) low-cost microsatellite imaging project.

2008 - Chandrayaan 1

On October 22, 2008, the SDSC SHAR at Sriharikota officially deployed Chandrayaan-1, India's first expedition to the Moon.

2009 - RISAT 2

An all-weather radar imaging satellite, RISAT-2, has been launched. ISRO's capacity for disaster management applications will be bolstered thanks to this satellite.

2009 - ANUSAT

To aid in the transmission of secret academic information and to observe dryness and deserts, urban planning as well, as other research, ANUSAT has been established by an Indian university for the first time.

2009 - OCEANSAT 2

In order to ensure the continuation of service for operational users of the Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) instrumentation on Oceansat-1, India has launched Oceansat-2.

2010 - GSAT 4

GSAT-4 was the nineteenth geostationary satellite of India, produced by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and the 4th in the GSAT group.

2010 - CARTOSAT 2B

Too far, four CARTOSAT Earth observation satellites have been launched into sun-synchronous orbit, the latest of which is Cartosat-2B.

2010 - GSAT 5P/ INSAT 4D

An unsuccessful deployment in December 2010 resulted in the loss of the Indian spacecraft GSAT-5P, also known as GSAT-5 Prime.


A follow-on operation to RESOURCESAT-1, RESOURCESAT-2 is the eighteenth remote sensing satellite developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

2011 - INSAT 4G

INSAT-4G is an Indian Ku-band satellite with 18 transponders, which is comparable to the number of transponders carried by INSAT-4A and INSAT-4B.

2011- YouthSat

With the cooperation of young folks from both India and Russia, YouthSat is a collaborative scientific, educational microsatellite initiative between the two nations.

2011- GSAT 12

GSAT-12, the most recent communication satellite produced by the Indian Space Research Organization, weighs about 1410 kg when it is launched. With the addition of 12 Extended C-band transponders, GSAT-12 was designed to address the rising demand for transponders in the nation while providing quick turn-around times.

2011- Megha-Tropiques

Megha-Tropiques is a French-Indian spacecraft orbiting the tropics and equipped with the SAPHIR atmospheric microwave-sounding radiometer.

2012 - RISAT 1

Built and maintained by India's Space Research Organization, RISAT-1 was an Indian remote sensing satellite (ISRO).

2012 - GSAT 10

GSAT-10, India's sophisticated communication satellite, is a high-powered satellite that has been integrated into the INSAT system.

2013 - SARAL

ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) are onboard a combined Indo-French oceanographic satellite program. For the purpose of determining ocean circulation and sea surface elevation, SARAL uses altimetry observations.

2013 - IRNSS 1A

A PSLV-C22 rocket carrying the IRNSS-1A spacecraft lifted off on July 1, 2013, from the Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC) SHAR on India's east coast, carrying the satellite into orbit.

2013 - INSAT 3

ISRO's INSAT-3 series is a multifunctional satellite with all Ku-band transponders for direct-to-home television and roof-top data transmission.

2013 - GSAT 7

GSAT-7 is a sophisticated communication satellite created by ISRO to offer low-bandwidth voice and high-bandwidth data connectivity. The GSAT-7 communication payload is intended to offer users communication capabilities over the Indian landmass.

2013 - MOM

It is India's first expedition to the Red Planet, the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also known as Mangalyaan (Hindi for "Mars Craft"), which launched in 2004. The mission's primary goal is to test essential technologies for interplanetary exploration while also using its five research equipment to conduct observations of the Martian surface and atmosphere from orbital positions.

2014 - GSAT 14

GSAT-14 is an Indian communications satellite that was launched in January 2014 by the Indian Space Research Organization. It took the position of the GSAT-3 satellite, which was launched in 2004 and was decommissioned in 2009.

2014 - IRNSS 1B

IRNSS-1B is India's second dedicated navigation satellite, and it was launched in 2007. The IRNSS space segment is made up of seven satellites, each of which performs a specific function.

2014 - IRNSS 1C

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) conceived, constructed, and deployed the IRNSS-1C navigational satellite in October 2014, marking the organization's first satellite launch.

2014 - GSAT 16

There will be more transponders for satellite-based telephony, television, and VSAT services in India with GSAT-16, the country's eleventh satellite.

2014 - IRNSS 1D

IRNSS-1D has a setup that is comparable to IRNSS-1A, 1B, and 1C. The satellite was completed in less than four months after its predecessor was launched.

2015 - AstroSat

AstroSat is the first devoted Indian astronomical project, with the goal of researching cosmic sources concurrently in the X-ray, optical, and UV spectral bands.

2015 - GSAT 15

GSAT-15, India's most recent communication satellite, is a high-powered satellite that will be integrated into the INSAT/GSAT system.

2016 - IRNSS 1E

Among the 7 navigational satellites that make up the IRNSS space segment, IRNSS-1E is the fifth, and hence the 5th monitoring satellite.

2016 - IRNSS 1F

IRNSS-1F is the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System's sixth navigation satellite (IRNSS).

2016 - IRNSS 1G

The IRNSS space segment consists of seven satellites, the seventh of which is IRNSS-1G.

2016 - CARTOSAT 2C

Cartosat-2C is a Sun-synchronous orbiting Earth observation spacecraft and the fifth flying unit of the CartoSat family of satellites.

2016 - INSAT 3DR

Indian weather satellite INSAT-3DR, manufactured by the Indian Space Research Organization and managed by the Indian National Satellite System, is a product of the Indian Space Research Organization.

2016 - SCATSAT 1

A satellite called ScatSat-1 (Scatterometer Satellite-1) helps India predict and track cyclones and other weather events.

2017 - CARTOSAT 2D

The CartoSat-2D spacecraft is based on the Indian Space Research Organization's IRS-2 bus and has a liftoff mass of 714 kg. It makes use of a hexagonal bus construction made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic.

2018 - CARTOSAT 2F

The CartoSat-2F is the eighth flying unit of the CartoSat program. CartoSat-2-6 is the sixth satellite of the CartoSat-2 series, which was renamed on May 5, 2005.


MICROSAT-TD is a tiny Indian earth observation satellite created by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The spacecraft is based on the SSB-2 bus, which was gained from the IMS-1 spacecraft.

2018 - INS 1C

The INS' major goal is to offer a system about which payloads weighing up to 5 kg from institutions and R&D labs, as well as ISRO itself, may be readily incorporated for scientific investigation.

2018 - GSAT 6A

High-power S-band communication satellite GSAT-6A, like GSAT-6, is based on the I-2K bus. It is expected that a spacecraft's mission will last roughly ten years.

2018 - IRNSS 1I

IRNSS-1I is the eighth navigational satellite to be sent into orbit as part of the International Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).

2018 - GSAT 29

An Indian spacecraft called the GSAT 29 lifts off with 3423 kg of payload. It is a satellite that can send and receive data in many different ways, and it has a number of different beams.

2018 - HySIS

PSLV-principal C43's satellite, HysIS, weighs around 380 kg and is an Earth observation satellite built on ISRO's Mini Satellite-2 (IMS-2) bus. When it comes to its main objective, the HysIS mission is to investigate our planet in the visible, near-infrared, and shortwave infrared wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum.

2018 - ExseedSat 1

using a TV tuner and the Exseed Sat-1 satellite, users will be able to receive transmissions on the 145.9 Mhz frequency for the first time.

2018 - GSAT 11

GSAT-11 is the first of a series of modern communication satellites with multi-spot beam antenna coverage across the Indian mainland and islands, and it is the first in the series to be launched. GSAT-11 will be critical in the provision of high-speed Internet access across the nation. It will also serve as a demonstration platform for the development of next-generation applications.

2018 - GSAT 7A

Indian Air Force is the primary user of GSAT-7A, which has a limit of approximately 30 percent. GSAT-7A is a high-tech military communications satellite designed especially for the Indian Air Force.


On January 24, 2019, the imaging satellite Microsat-R got officially deployed into its planned orbit of 274 kilometers by the PSLV-C44 rocket.

2019 - KalamSAT V2

The 1200 gram Kalamsat v2 satellite measures 10 centimeters in cube form. The Satish Dhawan space center in Sriharikota successfully launched this satellite on January 24, 2019.

2019 - GSAT 31

The Indian Space Research Organization created GSAT-31, a high-capacity communications satellite (ISRO).

2019 - EMISAT

To assist the Indian Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), ISRO created the 436-kilogram EMISAT minisatellite.

2019 - Chandrayaan 2

"Orbiter Craft" and "Lander Craft" are two components of the Chandrayaan-2 project, which is being carried out by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). With Chandrayaan-2, the major goal is to show the capability of soft landing on the lunar surface and to operate a robotic rover on the surface. The mission is scheduled to launch in 2018. The scientific objectives include investigations into lunar topography, mineralogy, chemical abundance, the lunar exosphere, and the presence of hydroxyl and water ice signals, among other things.

2019 - CARTOSAT 3

Cartosat-3 is the third series of high-resolution imaging satellites created by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)... It was created in response to a rise in demand for imaging services.

2020 - GSAT 30

GSAT-30 is an Indian geostationary communications satellite used for direct-to-home (DTH), television uplink, and virtual satellite network (VSAT) services.

2020 - EOS 01

It is designed for use in agricultural, forestry, and disaster management assistance activities. EOS-01 is an earth observation satellite.

2020 - CMS 01

CMS-01 is a communication satellite that will provide facilities in the Extended-C Band of the radio frequency spectrum, according to its designers.

2021- PSLV C51/ Amazonia 1

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV C51) of India successfully launched on February 28, 2021, carrying the primary payload - INPE's Amazônia-1 from Brazil - as well as 18 additional ride-sharing mini satellites from other countries.


On February 28, 2021, the PSLV-C51 launch vehicle successfully launched Indian student satellites UNITYsat and Satish Dhawan SAT (SDSAT).

2021- GSLV F10/ Gisat 1

The launch of the Geoimaging Satellite GISAT-1 (now known as the Earth Observation Satellite EOS-3) by the Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F10) took place on August 12, 2021.

This was to be India's first state-of-the-art earth observation satellite, which would have been launched into a geosynchronous orbit around the planet. Instead, the satellite was destroyed.

Earth-observing satellite EOS-3 was designed to offer real-time imagery of wide portions of the planet, monitor natural catastrophe events and provide warnings in the event of such events, and observe cyclones, cloudbursts, thunderclouds, and other phenomena.

Despite the fact that the first and second stages were successful, a technical malfunction prevented the Cryogenic Upper Stage from being ignited, and the mission was unable to be completed as planned.

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