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Malaria Definition

Malaria is a serious and often deadly disease that harms lakhs of people worldwide. It is caused by a parasitic infection spread by the Anopheles mosquito. Tropical and subtropical climates, where the climate is warm and humid, a spontaneous environments for malaria growth.

Symptoms of Malaria typically appear within 7-14 days of being infected but can sometimes take up to a month. Symptoms include fever, headache, chills, sweating, fatigue, and muscle pain. Malaria is a major public health issue, with over 400,000 deaths reported annually, primarily among young children and pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is a significant economic burden in affected countries, leading to lost productivity and increased healthcare costs. Several times, a person affected by Malaria develops antibodies within himself and gains immunity against the disease. These antibodies can be further used for making medicines and vaccines for the disease.

Malaria Definition

How Does Malaria Spread?

The parasite Plasmodium, which causes Malaria, affects female Anopheles mosquitoes and reaches the human body through their bites. The parasite enters the bloodstream through a mosquito bite and can then move to the other body parts, like the liver and replicate there. The parasite enters the bloodstream from the liver and infects red blood cells, which can cause a range of symptoms. Damaged red blood cells get destroyed after some time, and blood is deficient in the body.

Malaria is Harmful to Health

Malaria can be harmful to health in several ways. The severity of the symptoms depends on the species of Plasmodium causing the infection and the person's immune system. Common symptoms of Malaria include fever, chills, headache, muscle pain, and fatigue. In severe cases, Malaria can cause organ failure, anemia, and coma, which can be life-threatening. Malaria can also have long-term effects on health. For example, repeated infections can cause chronic anemia, leading to weakness, fatigue, and other health problems. Malaria can also affect brain function and cognitive development in children.

Thousands of people worldwide suffer from Malaria, a dangerous and frequently fatal illness. Combinations of strategies are used to prevent Malaria, including mosquito nets, antibacterial spraying, and antimalarial medicines. Treatment typically involves a combination of drugs, which may include chloroquine, artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), or other drugs, depending on the type of Malaria and the severity of the disease. While treatment options are available, the best approach is to prevent Malaria from occurring in the first place.

Some Effective Strategies for Preventing Malaria

  1. Use Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets: Using a mosquito net that has been well-stitched is one of the most efficient ways to get prevention from Malaria. The net creates a physical barrier that prevents mosquitoes from biting, and the insecticide kills any mosquitoes that come into contact with the net.
  2. Wear Protective Clothing: Wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and socks can provide additional protection against mosquito bites. Clothing should be loose-fitting and light-coloured to keep mosquitoes away.
  3. Try to UseMosquito Repellent: Mosquitorepellents can be applied to the skin to ward off mosquitoes. For safe and efficient use, adhere to the directions prescribed by a chemist.
  4. Eliminate Standing Water: Mosquitoes reproduces in standing silent water, so it should be noted that no standing water is present in the surrounding. This includes emptying water from flower pots, buckets, and other containers and ensuring clear gutters and drains. In most cases, malaria mosquitoes take birth in our house's collected water coolers in the summer.
  5. Take Antimalarial Medication: If you travel to an area with a high risk of Malaria, your doctor may recommend taking antimalarial medication to prevent infection. It is important to take the medication exactly as prescribed and continue taking it for the recommended period to prevent this harmful disease.
  6. Seek Medical Care: If you develop symptoms of Malaria, such as fever, headache, and muscle pain, seek medical care immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications in the future and reduce the risk of spreading the disease to others.

Preventing Malaria requires a multifaceted approach that includes using insecticide-treated bed nets, wearing protective clothing, using insect repellents, eliminating standing water, taking antimalarial medication, and seeking medical care if necessary. By taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of contracting Malaria and help prevent the spread of the disease.

Efforts to control and eliminate Malaria have significantly progressed in recent years, with a 21% reduction in malaria incidence reported globally between 2010 and 2017. However, much work still needs to be done, particularly in areas with high transmission rates and limited resources.

In addition to the direct impact on human health, Malaria also affects social and economic life directly or indirectly. The disease disproportionately affects the most vulnerable members of society, exacerbating poverty and hindering economic growth. As such, efforts to combat Malaria are an important component of global health and development initiatives.

Role of the Government of India in Preventing the Spread of Malaria

Malaria is a serious and very common public health issue in India, with approximately 5.6 million cases and 9,000 deaths registered annually. The government of India has taken several steps to control and prevent the spread of Malaria across the country.

One of the key initiatives undertaken by the government of India is the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), launched in 2003. The NVBDCP is a comprehensive program that aims to control and prevent vector-borne diseases, including Malaria, through strategies such as insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, and antimalarial medication.

Under the NVBDCP, the government of India has also established a nationwide network of Malaria diagnostic and treatment centres. These centres provide free diagnosis and treatment for Malaria, ensuring that individuals with the disease access appropriate care and treatment.

The government of India has also launched several campaigns to raise awareness about Malaria and its prevention. These campaigns use a variety of channels, such as television, radio, and print media, to educate the public about the importance of using bed nets, eliminating standing water, and seeking medical care if symptoms of Malaria develop.

In addition, the government of India has collaborated with international organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, to leverage resources and expertise in the fight against Malaria. The government has also worked closely with state and local authorities to implement malaria control measures at the grassroots level.

These initiatives have resulted in substantial advancements in malaria control in India. There has been a huge decrement in the cases of Malaria in the country. However, challenges still need to be addressed, particularly in areas with limited resources and high transmission rates. The World Health Organization (WHO)isamong the organizations tackling the global burden of Malaria. These organizations work to increase access to prevention and treatment, support research and development of new interventions, and raise awareness about the disease and its impact.

Case Study: Malaria Outbreak in Delhi

In September 2015, Malaria was reported in the Sangam Vihar area of Delhi. The outbreak was attributed to heavy rainfall, which had created stagnant water pools that provided breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

The outbreak affected over 2,000 people, with most cases reported in children and older people. The symptoms of Malaria included fever, headache, chills, and muscle pain. Several people were also diagnosed with severe Malaria, which can cause organ failure and coma.

The local government responded to the outbreak by initiating measures to control mosquito populations, such as spraying insecticides and removing stagnant water sources. The government also distributed free mosquito nets to residents and provided free medical treatment to those affected by the outbreak.

Despite these efforts, the outbreak continued to spread, and the number of cases continued to rise. The government then launched a mass awareness campaign to educate people about the importance of preventive measures, such as wearing protective clothing and using mosquito repellents.

Over time, the measures taken by the government and the community helped to bring the outbreak under control, and the number of cases began to decline. The government also implemented long-term measures to prevent future outbreaks, such as improving sanitation and drainage systems in the area.

This case study highlights the importance of early detection, prevention, and treatment in controlling malaria outbreaks. It also underscores the need for effective collaboration between governments, communities, and healthcare providers to prevent and manage infectious diseases.


Malaria is a serious and often deadly disease that harms lakhs of people worldwide. While progress has been made in recent years to control and eliminate the disease, much work remains. Efforts to combat Malaria are essential to improving the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide and are a critical component of global health and development initiatives.

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