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MathML Matrices

In MathML, the <mtable> element is used to create tables or matrices. The <mtable> element contains only <mtr> and <mtd> elements. These elements are similar to <table>, <tr> and <td> elements in HTML.

For example: To create a 3x3 matrix, having the following data:

Mathml Matrices 1

Equivalent MathML code:

Note: By default, an <mtable> element has no borders at all. So, you have to add a <mo> containing a fence character (e.g. '[', ']', '(', ')', '|') before and after the <mtable> when you specify a matrix or the determinant of a matrix.


MathML Matrix Attributes

Index Attributes Description
1) align It specifies the vertical alignment of the table with respect to its environment. Its possible values are: axis, baseline, bottom, center, top.
2) class, id, style It is provided for use with stylesheets.
3) columnalign It specifies the horizontal alignment of the cells. Its possible values are: left, center (default) and right.
4) columnlines It specifies column borders. Multiple values separated by space are allowed and apply to the corresponding columns (e.g. columnlines="none none solid"). Its possible values are: none (default), solid and dashed.
5) columnspacing It specifies the space between table columns.
6) displaystyle It refers a Boolean value specifying whether more vertical space is used for displayed equations or, if set to false, a more compact layout is used to display formulas.
7) frame It specifies borders of the entire table. Its possible values are: none (default), solid and dashed.
8) framespacing It specifies additional space added between the table and frame.
9) href It is used to set a hyperlink to a specified uri.
10) mathbackground It specifies the background color. You can use #rgb, #rrggbb and html color names.
11) mathcolor It specifies the text color. You can use #rgb, #rrggbb and html color names.
12) rowalign It specifies the vertical alignment of the cells. Multiple values separated by space are allowed and apply to the corresponding rows (e.g. rowalign="top bottom axis"). Its possible values are: axis, baseline (default), bottom, center and top.
13) rowlines It specifies row borders. Multiple values separated by space are allowed and apply to the corresponding rows (e.g. rowlines="none none solid"). Its possible values are: none (default), solid and dashed.
14) width It specifies the width of the entire table. It accepts length values.

Supporting Browsers:

Elementchrome browser Chromeie browser IEfirefox browser Firefox (Gecko)opera browser Operasafari browser Safari
<mtable>Not SupportedNot SupportedSupportedNot SupportedOnly Basic Support
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