What is the Full Form of MCD
MCD: Municipal Corporation of Delhi
MCD stands for Municipality Corporation of Delhi. The majority of Delhi, India, is governed by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. Earlier, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was "trifurcated" on January 13, 2012, into three divisions where the term NDC stood for North Delhi Municipal Corporation, EDC for East Delhi Municipal Corporation & SDC for South Delhi Municipal Corporation. But on May 22, 2022, all three of them were again merged and replaced by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. The MCD is one of the biggest municipal organizations in the world, offering civic services to the projected areas with more than 11 million residents of the nation's capital. The Delhi Cantonment Board and New Delhi Municipal Council are the other two municipalities located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The municipal corporation is located within a 539.5-mile (1,397.3-km2) region.
Purpose of Delhi's Municipalities
Some of the world's most densely inhabited regions fall under its (MCD) purview. Additionally, it is unique in that it simultaneously offers municipal services to both urban and rural communities, relocation colonies, unauthorized colonies, slum/squatter townships, etc.
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Civic Center, the administrative hub of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), was established by an Act of Parliament on April 7, 1958. Before that, Delhi's main civic organization was the DMC (Delhi Municipal Committee). The MCD councillor that served the longest consecutively was Guru Radha Kishan (initially Delhi Municipal Committee). Pt. Trilok Chand Sharma served as the city of Delhi's first elected mayor.
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi was "trifurcated" on January 13, 2012, becoming three separate municipal corporations. While the East Delhi Municipal Corporation was smaller and had only 64 wards, the New South Delhi Municipal Corporation and the North Delhi Municipal Corporation both had 104 municipal wards.
Municipal elections that were supposed to take place in April 2022 were postponed indefinitely by the state Election Commission in March 2022.
The Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill, which would have reunified the bodies into a single entity, was passed by the Union Government dated March 22. This Bill was approved by the Lok Sabha on March 30, 2022, as well as in the Rajya Sabha on the date of April 5, 2022.
With the introduction of the 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendments in 1992, increased decentralization was intended to be made possible at the rural and urban levels, respectively. They achieved this by giving local councils legal status and giving them more responsibilities and power. The concept of decentralization was fundamentally dependent on the inclusion of specific socioeconomic groups that had formerly been excluded from policy-making and enforcing organizations. The Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes and women made up these societies. The Panchayati Raj system was covered by the 73rd Amendment. But based on the size of the city, the 74th Amendment also covered Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Municipal Corporations.
As per the 74th Amendment:
Every Municipality shall reserve equal or more than one-third of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election for women, including the number of seats designated for women fitting in the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. These seats may be distributed by rotation among various constituencies within a Municipality.
In each subsequent election, the current one-third of seats might be de-reserved and replaced by a new set of one-third seats, and so on, in accordance with the rotation system.
However, the BJP administration that was in charge of Delhi State at the time was able to stop rotations before the 2002 elections, retaining the current layout and location of reserved wards for all categories.
Delhi Municipal Corporation had 11,007,835 residents as of the 2011 India Census. The population was made up of 45% women and 55% men. The overall literacy rate in Delhi Municipal Corporation was 87.6%, which was greater than the 74.0% national median. Male literacy was 91.44%, whereas female literacy was 83.20%. About 13% of people in Delhi Municipal Corporation were below the age of six.
MCD elections 2017
There were 272 seats up for election in the North, South, and East MCD in the council election of April 2017. For each of the three created corporations, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) obtained the most seats.
MCD elections 2022
Elections for the Delhi Municipal Corporation in 2022 will choose the next MCD representatives. However, the date has not been announced yet. According to reports, the elections may be held by the end of 2022 or by April next year.