Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

What is the full form of MCV

MCV: Mean Corpuscular Volume

MCV Stands for Mean Corpuscular Volume. The size of red blood cells is measured by a blood test called Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV). This test is a component of a series of assessments known as red blood cell indices that evaluate the caliber of a person's red blood cells. An MCV that is either too high or too low might indicate a specific kind of anemia. The MCV test measures the average volume and size of a person's red blood cells. A kind of anemia may be detected by an MCV that is either too low or too high.

MCV Full Form

MCV Blood Test

The MCV test is included in a class of tests known as the red blood cell indices, which are used to detect anemia.

The Various Treatments Are Included In The Red Blood Cell Indices:

  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH).
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC).
  • RDW stands for Red Cell Distribution Width.

A complete blood count includes an MCV blood test. Usually, a complete blood count is requested by doctors as part of an annual physical test. If you are exhibiting symptoms of anemia, they might additionally want to check your MCV.

Anaemia Symptoms Include:

  • Person's hands and feet are cold.
  • pale skin.
  • fast heartbeat.
  • breathing difficulties.

How Much Can MCV Be Anticipated?

MCV Full Form

The anticipated MCV range is 80-100 femtoliters. The person's doctor might wish to repeat the test to get a more accurate reading if the person's MCV level is outside this range. A person's physician or doctor can decide to order further blood testing rather than repeat the test.

Please make sure the person's doctor is aware of any anemia-related symptoms visible in the patient. In addition to ordering additional tests, the person's doctor can examine his MCV level.

Low MCV: What Does That Mean?

  • A person's red blood cells may be tiny if they have microcytic anemia, which a low MCV indicates. The most common reason for this kind of anemia is iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency Anemia can result from excessive menstrual bleeding.

Microcytic Anaemia Can Also Result From:

  • Anaemia from a chronic illness.
  • Thalassemia is a blood disorder that is inherited.
  • When the bone marrow fails to create red blood cells correctly, it results in sideroblastic anemia.
  • Improperly produced blood cells are a feature of myelodysplastic diseases.

High MCV: What Does That Mean?

  • Patient red blood cells may be more significant if a patient has macrocytic anemia, which a high MCV indicates.

Common Contributors To Macrocytic Anaemia Are:

  • A lack of folate.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Liver illness.

Chronic Alcohol Addiction:

People who follow strict vegan diets may have low vitamin B12 levels. A person's digestive tract may have difficulty absorbing nutrients if they have had inflammatory bowel disease or gastrointestinal surgery. Low amounts of vitamin B12 result from this.

What factors can have an impact on MCV?

For several reasons, MCV can be abnormally low or high. According to one study, people who smoke had higher MCV levels than those who do not, and Smokers have reduced lung capacity.

Certain drugs, including metformin, methotrexate, and proton pump inhibitors, can affect the absorption of vitamin B12 and folate. A high MCV results from this.

What To Anticipate From A Blood Test For MCV?

MCV Full Form
  1. A person must provide a small blood sample from their arm for an MCV test, and the MCV test requires no extra preparation.
  2. Your doctor might advise you to fast for at least 8 hours before the test if you have blood collected for another lab test.
  3. A thin needle will be used to take a blood sample from a vein in a person's arm by a phlebotomist or lab technician. An analysis of the blood sample is done at a lab.
  4. The MCV test causes just minor pain. Some people can experience a slight pinching when the needle is inserted, and there might be minor bleeding or bruises.
  5. In 24-48 hours, the results of the MCV blood test should be ready. A blood test for MCV is one of the several tests used to assist medical professionals in the diagnosis of certain anemias.
  6. The MCV determines the average size of red blood cells.
  7. If a person shows symptoms of anemia and it's found in their regular yearly checkup, at that time, the doctor may decide to check the person MCV level.
  8. Using cigarettes and taking certain drugs are two things that can raise MCV.

Next TopicFull Form

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA