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What is the full form of MD in Medical

MD: Doctor of Medicine

The goal of the two-year postgraduate MD Medicine programme is to thoroughly study advanced medicine to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases. After completing the MBBS programme, students would be allowed to pursue an MD degree. There are 31,415 MD medical seats available in India.

A Doctor of Medicine, or MD, is a post-graduate degree that requires a thorough out study of medicine. Graduate student who has completed the two-year programme of MD are prepared to prevent, diagnose, research, and treat chronic disorders in body.

The MD admissions process for medical college in India is based on the NEET PG entrance exam. Candidates must have completed their MBBS at an institution that has been approved by the ICMR to study medicine. Candidates should also have finished a one-year required internship.

MD admissions are made based on the results of the entrance tests. Candidates who wish to enrol in MD programmes must pass any of the entrance exams, such as NEET PG, INICET, etc. Grant Medical College, TATA Memorial Centre, AIIMS, Jamia Hamdard University, and Maulana Azad Medical College are a few of the best MD schools. The typical cost could be in the INR 1 lakh.

At some of the best medical institutions in India, such as hospitals, research labs, pathology labs, pharmaceutical companies, educational institutions, etc., graduates of MD programmes are offered positions as medical pathologists, general physicians, bacteriologists, anaesthesiologists, chiropodists, etc. The MD Medicine Syllabus prepares students to become doctors who can deliver top-notch medical treatment. Through training and lab work, students will also do research on numerous MD topics.

MD full form in Medical

The cost of an MD in medicine varies between INR 2000 and INR 20,000 at government colleges. For private colleges, the course fee ranges from INR 1-2 lacs.

Successful postgraduates in this sector can expect to earn between INR 3-6 lacs in annual wages. The highest hospital chains in India pay MD physicians the highest salaries.

What is MD Medicine All about?

The prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of any (specific organ) diseases are covered in this course. The doctors in this course learn and thoroughly understand the field of medical science. They develop become experts in the study, classification, and execution of a variety of laboratory experiments and observations. This course combines theoretical knowledge with real-world experience.

The MD programme takes two years to complete, while in certain universities it may take three. The criteria for enrolling in this specific course are an MBBS from an accredited university. After completing MD, students can become doctors, Anaesthetics, Bacteriologist, Broad spectrum Specialist and many others. The postgraduate degree of MD equips ardent applicants to operate as seasoned professionals in their chosen fields.

  1. A person will get knowledge about a variety of topics, including research, disease causes and consequences, anatomy, general medicine, radiotherapy, etc.
  2. MD not only supports students' understanding of the human body but also develops their aptitude for the medical profession.
  3. Haematology, Forensic, Clinical, General, and other topics are covered in the MD programme, preparing individuals for all facets of the medical industry.

Who should opt MD Medicine?

Candidates who are interested in doing MD in Medicine must fulfil the following criteria:

  1. The two characteristics that are most crucial are having a compassionate nature and having a humble demeanour.
  2. The students must communicate their study findings and discuss the course of treatment with other medical professionals, which calls for communication skills.
  3. It is crucial to have patience and a keen interest in learning the patient's perspective.
  4. They must be devoted to their career, just like any other physician. They should be driven to succeed and have good hand-eye coordination.
  5. The capacity to work in teams and put in long, erratic hours in high-stress medical settings
  6. You will need strong abilities because you will oversee other administrative staff also.
  7. The capacity to plan carefully to suit your educational needs.
  8. Natural problem-solver Must be observant, receptive, and curious by nature.
  9. Should have read, inquired, and investigated to find answers to challenging problems.
  10. Teamwork and time management abilities are essential.

MD Medicine Admission Process

Entrance Exams for MD

A three-year postgraduate degree programme leading to the Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree is open to students who have completed medical school. Exams for medical school admission include NEET PG and INI CET. Students must have earned a 50% grade point average (GPA) in their MBBS degree to sit for these exams. There are several cut-off points for different tests:

1. NEET PG Exam

The MD or MS and PG diploma programmes in many states, private universities, or institute, deemed or central, ESIC, and AFMS medical institutes across India take this computer-based test for admission. All admissions to PG courses require the same examination. There is no other entrance exam, whether at the state or university level, it will be accepted for admission to MD, MS, or PG Diploma degrees starting with the 2021 admission session, this is according to the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956. The NEET PG exam consists of two hundred multiple-choice questions, with a maximum score of eight hundred and a -1 penalty for each incorrect response.


For admission to MS, DM, and MD programmes, the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) administers the INI CET. The exam paper contains two hundred multiple-choice question and single-answer questions. This exam establishes eligibility criteria for admission to NIMHANS, JIPMER, and PGIMER and AIIMS-Delhi, Bhubaneshwar, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur, Rishikesh, and Raipur. These examinations' levels of difficulty range are extremely high. You should study extremely hard to pass the exam.

Some other points-

  1. Candidates must fulfil the qualifying standards to pursue an MD degree from any medical college. Results of the NEET-PG exams should be considered for the admission in the medical college in India.
  2. In accordance with NEET-PG selection process, applicants or student will give the opportunity to enrol in MD programmes through the counselling process of NEET-PG. Students will be required to pick a course they want to take and the college where they want to study it. According to the NEET PG exam merit list and the number of openings in each branch and college, the candidates will be assigned to MD Medicine colleges and courses in India.

MD Medicine: Eligibility

Aspirants must satisfy the MD eligibility requirements for the course they desire to pursue to enrol in it under MD. The following qualifications are necessary for MD eligibility in India and for each of its specialisations:

All medical courses in India take admission, based on the results of the NEET entrance exam, which is given by the candidates who must have a MBBS degree from a medical college or institution that is recognised in India worldwide. The minimum score requirement in the qualifying examination varies from one college to another. Therefore, all candidates should go through the eligibility criteria outlined by the university of their choice, because MD is a postgraduate degree, candidates must have a NEET-PG score or rank to be admitted to one of the MD specialisations in India.

Career Opportunity after MD Course

  1. MD-trained physicians can find respectable work in both the public and private sectors.
  2. Doctors with an MD are also eligible to apply for several government positions.
  3. Private-sector employers, such hospitals, will hire doctors with an MD degree and offer a superior compensation package.

Some people confuse the terms MBBS and MD because they are unsure of what each degree entails. An MD is a three-year post-graduate study, but an MBBS degree is a doctoral degree or graduation base. MD hopefuls can only apply to colleges if they have a strong MBBS degree. Since there is a significant difference between MBBS and MD, prospective students are recommended to research every detail before enrolling in any programme.

Some MD Degree Approved by Medical Council of India

  1. Anatomy: Anatomy is the study of the structure and functioning of the whole human body. General and systematic embryology, general histology, staining techniques, Osteology, anthropology, myology, systemic anatomy, applied and clinical anatomy, comparative embryology, the evolutionary process, gross and regional anatomy, principles of genetics, physical anthropology, comparative anatomy, and radiological anatomy are all covered during this degree.
  2. Biochemistry: This course includes fundamental concepts, up-to-date research, metabolic and molecular medicine, and research methodologies. It equips trainees with the skills necessary to organise and integrate instructional programmes in medical and nursing schools, run a diagnostic testing lab, produce, analyse, and comprehend diagnostic laboratory data, and collaborate with other healthcare professionals to enhance patient care.
  3. Microbiology: This covers the study of interactions between microorganisms. The curriculum is arbitrary and promotes a dimension-based education, which enables pupils to be more useful. A qualified expert and medical practitioner who understands community health needs and responsibly performs all professional tasks is created by the curriculum.
  4. Pathology: Pathology entails the examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and entire beings to diagnose diseases. Every aspect of patient care, from diagnostic procedures and recommended treatments to state-of-the-art genetic technologies and disease prevention, depends on it.
  5. Physiology: It explores the study of how biological systems behave when they are in a healthy state. The fundamental understanding of abnormal function in human sickness is also covered in this course; this information is essential for treating such diseases through translational research and the development of novel treatments.
  6. Anaesthesiology: This course focuses on using painkillers to lessen the intensity of the condition. It is intended for students who are interested in working in emergency care, pain management, and preoperative settings. Through a dedication to learning, scientific research, and intellectual activities, it helps to contribute to the field of anaesthesiology.
  7. Community Medicine: This course examines the factors that influence the occurrence of disease in a population, the natural history of the disease, and the influences of the environment and human civilization on health and illness. Students will leave the programme better able to determine the health needs of their communities, fulfil their professional obligations ethically, and align their actions with the objectives of the country's health policy.
  8. Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy: This course provides insight into a variety of skin issues. These graduates have expertise in treating nail and hair problems in addition to skin diseases. Removal of scars, increased skin development, atypical skin behaviour, and other skin disorders are all part of it. These disorders include psoriasis, eczema, and skin and scalp allergies, to name just a few.
  9. General medicine: General or internal medicine is a branch of medicine that focuses on identifying and treating (non-surgically) illnesses that affect the internal organs of the body (especially in adults). The course covers a very wide range of topics, including but not limited to applied fundamental, diagnostic investigation and procedures, scientific knowledge outpatient department (OPD) treatment, clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, practical's, conferences, research, and more.
  10. Paediatrics: In this course, students learn how to diagnose infants, kids, and teenagers while also carrying out their professional duties in accordance with moral standards set by their profession and the National Health Policy.
  11. Radiotherapy: In-depth study on the use of radiation to treat a variety of conditions that need laser technology is presented in this course.
  12. Tuberculosis and Chest: This course instructs students about preventing, diagnosing, and treating disorders that affect the lungs, bronchial tubes, and respiratory system, including the nose, pharynx, and throat. It also covers conditions that affect the chest. The objective of the curriculum is to prepare students for jobs in internal medicine, which focuses on these fields.

MD Jobs

An MD graduate's starting salary is typically approximately INR 6,50,000 per year. Since MD graduates are needed in many fields, it is anticipated that this industry would grow and create an increase in jobs. MD graduates make about the same as MBBS doctors do in terms of pay.


In the medical industry, there is a need for competent professionals. After receiving an MBBS, pursuing post-graduation opens tremendous employment opportunities and pays well. Specializations in general medicine that the MD concentrates on include paediatrics, neurology, radiology, cardiology, dermatology, etc. In contrast, MS exposes patients to human tissue and blood; specialties include orthopaedics, obstetrics, ophthalmology, and ENT, among others. Indian students who want to pursue MD, MS, or DNB programmes but are faced with obstacles can do so by enrolling in TAU's three-year hospital-based fellowship programme. It provides specialist training for MRCP, MRCS, MRCPCH, MRCOG, and FRCR tests, enabling candidates to study at eminent Indian hospitals.

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