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What is the full form of MoES


MoES stands for Ministry of Earth Sciences. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India. As of 2017, Dr. Madhavan Nair Rajeevan is the Secretary of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.


To excel as knowledge and technology enterprise in the field of Earth system science towards the socio-economic benefit of the society


  • To conduct scientific and technical activities or programs in the area of Earth System Science to improve the forecast of weather, monsoon, climate, hazard, exploration of polar areas and seas around the country
  • To develop technology for the exploration and utilization of ocean resources, ensuring sustainable utilization of these resources.
MoES full form

Major Functions:

  • Augment and sustain long-term observations of the atmosphere, cryosphere, oceans and solid Earth and record the vital signs of Earth System and changes.
  • To develop the capability of forecasting atmosphere and oceanic phenomena through dynamical models and assimilation techniques
  • To analyze and understand the interaction between components of Earth Systems and human systems at various temporal and spatial scales
  • To explore polar and high seas regions in order to discover new phenomenon and resources

Brief History:

  • In July 1981, the Department of Ocean Development (DOD) was created as a part of the Cabinet Secretariat under the control of the Prime Minister.
  • DOD became a separate department in March 1982.
  • In February 2006, the Government reorganized the department as the Ministry of Ocean Development (MoOD).
  • The Government further reorganized the Ministry of Ocean Development as the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and thus MoES was established in 2006.
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