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Multiplexing in Mobile Computing

Multiplexing is a technique used in the area of electronics and signal processing. In mobile computing, telecommunications and computer networks, Multiplexing is a method that can be used to combine multiple analog or digital signals into one signal over a shared medium. The main aim of using this method is to share a scarce resource.

Example: You can see a real-life example of Multiplexing in the telecommunication field where several telephone calls may be carried using one wire. Multiplexing is also called as muxing.

History of Multiplexing

The concept of Multiplexing was originated in telegraphy in the 1870s. Nowadays, it is widely used in communications.

George Owen Squier is called the father of Multiplexing in telephony. He was credited for the development of telephone carrier multiplexing in 1910.

Key points of Multiplexing

  • Multiplexing is a technique that allows multiple simultaneous analogs or digital signal transmission across a single data link.
  • The main motive behind the development of Multiplexing is to provide simple and easy communication, proper resource sharing and its utilization. This is the best way to utilize and share a limited resource equally among multiple devices.

Multiplexing can be classified into the following four types:

  • Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)
  • Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
  • Code Division Multiplexing (CDM)
  • Space Division Multiplexing (SDM)

Use Image of Multiplexing

Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)

Frequency division multiplexing or FDM is inherently an analog technology. As the name specifies, in Frequency Division Multiplexing, the frequency dimension spectrum is split into smaller frequency bands. It combines several smaller distinct frequency ranges signals into one medium and sends them over a single medium. In FDM, the signals are electrical signals.

FDM's most common applications are a traditional radio or television broadcasting, mobile or satellite stations, or cable television.

For example: In cable TV, you can see that only one cable is reached to the customer's locality, but the service provider can send multiple television channels or signals simultaneously over that cable to all customers without any interference. The customers have to tune to the appropriate frequency (channel) to access the required signal.

In FDM, several frequency bands can work simultaneously without any time constraint.

Multiplexing in Mobile Computing

Advantages of FDM

  • The concept of frequency division multiplexing (FDM) applies to both analog signals and digital signals.
  • It facilitates you to send multiple signals simultaneously within a single connection.

Disadvantages of FDM

  • It is less flexible.
  • In FDM, the bandwidth wastage may be high.

Usage

It is used in Radio and television broadcasting stations, Cable TV etc.

Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)

The Time Division Multiplexing or (TDM) is a digital or analog technology (in rare cases) that uses time, instead of space or frequency, to separate the different data streams. It is used for a specific amount of time in which the whole spectrum is used.

The Time frames of the same intervals are divided so that you can access the entire frequency spectrum at that time frame.

Multiplexing in Mobile Computing

Advantages of TDM

  • It facilitates a single user at a time.
  • It is less complicated and has a more flexible architecture.

Disadvantages of TDM

  • It isn't easy to implement.

Usage

  • It is mainly used in telephonic services.

Code Division Multiplexing (CDM)

The Code Division Multiplexing or (CDM) allots a unique code to every channel so that each of these channels can use the same spectrum simultaneously at the same time.

Multiplexing in Mobile Computing

Advantages of CDM

  • It is highly efficient.
  • It faces fewer Inferences.

Disadvantages of CDM

  • The data transmission rate is low.
  • It is complex.

Usage

  • It is mainly used in Cell Phone Spectrum Technology (2G, 3G etc.).

Space Division Multiplexing (SDM)

The Space Division Multiplexing or (SDM) is called a combination of Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) and Time Division Multiplexing (TDM).

It passes messages or data-parallel with the use of specific frequency at a specific. It means a particular channel will be used against a specific frequency band for some amount of time.

Advantages of SDM

  • In SDM, the data transmission rate is high.
  • It uses Time and Frequency bands at its maximum potential.

Disadvantages of SDM

  • An inference may occur.
  • It faces high inference losses.

Usage

  • It is used in GSM (Global Service for Mobile) Technology.

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