NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography
Chapter 6: Major Lanforms of the Earth
1. Answer the following questions briefly.
a. What are the major landforms?
Answer: The major landforms are:
These landforms are grouped depending on the elevation and slope.
b. What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
Answer: The differences between a mountain and plateau are:
c. What are the different types of mountains?
Answer: There are three types of mountains.
d. How are mountains useful to man?
Answer: Mountains are useful due to the following reasons:
e. How are plains formed?
Answer: Plains are formed from the deposits of rivers and mountains. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and carry forward the eroded material. It consists of stones, sand and silt along their courses and in their valleys.
f. Why are the river plains thickly populated?
Answer: The plains are very fertile. It allows an easy construction of transport network. Thus, the river plains are thickly populated.
g. Why are mountains thinly populated?
Answer: The mountains are thinly populated due to the following reasons:
2. Tick the correct answers.
a. The mountains differ from the hills in terms of
Answer: i. elevation
Explanation: The mountains differ from the hills in terms of elevation.
b. Glaciers are found in
Answer: i. the mountains
Explanation: Glaciers are the permanently frozen rivers of ice found in mountains.
c. The Deccan Plateau is located in
Answer: iii. India
Explanation: The Deccan plateau in India is one of the oldest plateaus.
d. The river Yangtze flows in
Answer: iii. China
Explanation: The river Yangtze flows in China.
e. An important mountain range of Europe is
Answer: ii. the Alps
Explanation: The Alps is the mountain range of Europe.
3. Fill in the blanks.