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NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science History

Chapter 4: What books and burials tell us

1. Match the columns

Sukta Well- Said
Chariots Used in battles
Yajna Sacrifices
Dasa Slaves
Megalith Stone boulder


  • Sukta refers to the hymns included in the Rig-Veda, the oldest Veda.
  • Chariots were used in battles which were fought to capture cattle, land, crops, people, and water.
  • Yajna refers to the sacrifices made into the fire, which includes ghee, grains, and animals.
  • Dasa or Dasi (female) are called slaves who were often captured in war.
  • Stone boulders were used to mark the burial sites.

2. Complete the sentences:

(a) Slaves were used for work.

(b) Magaliths are found in the South India, the Deccan, North-east, and the Kashmir.

(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to mark the signs on the stones so that people can return to the same place whenever they want to.

(d) Port-holes were used for bringing the bodies of the people belonging to the same family into the grave.

(e) People at Inamgaon ate wheat, barley, rice, pulses, sesame, millet, and peas.

3. In what ways are the books we read today different from the Rigveda?

Answer: The books we read today are different from the Rigveda in the following ways:

  1. Rigveda was recited and heard, while the books we use today are written and printed.
  2. Rigveda was printed around 200 years ago, while the books we use today are mostly printed recently or few years ago.
  3. Rigveda was composed in the Vedic Sanskrit language, while the books used today are available in different languages with different fonts, colours, and styles.

4. What kind of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out whether there were social differences amongst those who were buried?

Answer: Archaeologists used to find the social difference from burials based on the objects found in the grave. Some skeleton was buried with many jewelleries, beads, gold, etc., while some was found only with pots. Some were rich; some were poor, chiefs, and other followers.

5. In what ways do you think that the life of a raja was different from that of a dasa or dasi?

Answer: The life of raja was different from that of a dasa or dasi in the following ways:

  • Dasa and Dasi were often captured in the war. They were treated as the property of the owners and made to do the work told by them.
  • Dasa or Dasi were poor, while the rajas were rich with various ornaments, jewelleries, etc.
  • Raja has the high status and dasas were treated like the slaves.

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