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Java Nested try block

In Java, using a try block inside another try block is permitted. It is called as nested try block. Every statement that we enter a statement in try block, context of that exception is pushed onto the stack.

For example, the inner try block can be used to handle ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException while the outer try block can handle the ArithemeticException (division by zero).

Why use nested try block

Sometimes a situation may arise where a part of a block may cause one error and the entire block itself may cause another error. In such cases, exception handlers have to be nested.


Java Nested try Example

Example 1

Let's see an example where we place a try block within another try block for two different exceptions.


Java Nested try block

When any try block does not have a catch block for a particular exception, then the catch block of the outer (parent) try block are checked for that exception, and if it matches, the catch block of outer try block is executed.

If none of the catch block specified in the code is unable to handle the exception, then the Java runtime system will handle the exception. Then it displays the system generated message for that exception.

Example 2

Let's consider the following example. Here the try block within nested try block (inner try block 2) do not handle the exception. The control is then transferred to its parent try block (inner try block 1). If it does not handle the exception, then the control is transferred to the main try block (outer try block) where the appropriate catch block handles the exception. It is termed as nesting.


Java Nested try block

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