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Noun Definition

We encounter many living and non-living things in our daily lives, and we all call them by some name, and those names are known as nouns. In other words, everything or everyone that is connected to our sensory receptors is referred to as a Noun. It might be a particular thing or group of things, such as living things, locations, traits, states of being, or beliefs. In general, a noun is a naming word.

Noun Definition

Noun Definition

Nouns can name individuals, groups, geographic locations, species of animals, things, and concepts. A noun appears in almost every phrase, and they serve a variety of functions. Nouns have several roles that they can play, including subject, indirect object, direct object, subject complement, and object complement. A noun may also serve as an adjective or a verb.

Examples of Nouns

Noun Definition

People: Priyank, Ashu, Anshul, Man, Person, Women, the Prime Minister

Places: India, Mexico, Orissa, Belgium, The Nile River, Classroom, Basketball Court, Ground, Swimming Pool

Animals/Birds/Aquatic Animals/Reptiles: Lion, Giraffe, Ostrich, Dolphin, Zebra, Alligator, Bear, Fish, Shark

Ideas: Invention, Extinction, Endanger, Innovation, Argument, Destruction

Objects/Things: Bat, Cycle, Pen, Paper, Bag, Blackboard, Mug

Types of Nouns

Noun Definition

1) Common Nouns: Common nouns designate ambiguous or general individuals, locations, or objects. For example, "nation" is a common noun that denotes a general location, but the phrase "London" denotes a particular location. Common nouns are capitalized when they come before other words or are part of names or titles, such as Grand Canyon or Wonder Woman.

Noun Definition

Example: nation, water, teacher, boy

2) Proper Nouns: Proper nouns assist in identifying a particular person, place, or item. It would help if you capitalized these words. Proper nouns are usually used in names and titles, such as the company name Lakme and the individual name Jenny.

Noun Definition

Example: Paris, Sahil, India, London

3) Singular Nouns: A singular noun refers to one person, location, or item. For example, a dog is one animal, and a carrot is one vegetable.

Noun Definition

Example: boy, child, desk, cup, woman

4) Plural Nouns: A plural noun denotes more than one of anything. Numerous singular nouns may be plural by simply adding an S at the end (e.g., dogs become dogs). You may have to add -es to the end of some nouns to produce their plural forms even though they already finish in an s (e.g., bushes and patches). When becoming plural, several singular nouns also undergo spelling changes (e.g., flies and countries).

Noun Definition

Example (Regular plural nouns): boys, elephants, and nations.

  • All nouns adhere to this structure. The term "irregular plural nouns" refers to those that acquire the plural in nontraditional ways.

Example (Irregular plural nouns): woman and women, child and children, wolf and wolves, life and lives, foot and feet, person and people, tooth and teeth

Noun Definition

5) Concrete Nouns: Something perceivable using all five senses is a concrete noun. A concrete noun is used when something can be seen, heard, touched, tasted, or odored.

Noun Definition

Example: flower, music, milk, team, stars

6) Abstract Nouns: Abstract nouns, such as social notions, political ideologies, and personality qualities, are intangible concepts that the five senses cannot sense. For example, the abstract term happiness denotes an emotion, but the abstract term courage denotes a personal trait.

Noun Definition

Examples: fear, honesty, love, creativity, beauty

7) Collective Nouns: A collective noun is a word that refers to a group of individuals or objects while also acting as a singular noun. A group that operates as a single entity or simultaneously carries out the same action is referred to by a collective noun.

Noun Definition

Example: a bunch of grapes, deck of cards, crowd, committee

8) Compound Nouns: A compound noun is a noun formed from two or more words. Compound nouns can have the form of one word, many words used independently, or words joined together by hyphens.

Noun Definition

Example: dining-table, mother-in-law, cardboard, toothbrush, hairpin, ice cream

9) Countable Nouns: A countable noun is one you can count, commonly referred to as a count noun. You discuss a countable noun if you have three textbooks or ten chocolate bars.

Noun Definition

Example: table, chair, plate, animal, bird

10) Uncountable Nouns: A noun that cannot be numbered is an uncountable noun or a mass noun. For example, joy cannot be measured numerically, and Plural forms are frequently absent from uncountable nouns.

Noun Definition

Example: advice, sugar, air, water, knowledge

Different Nouns Used in a Sentence

Noun Definition

Use of Nouns as Subjects

A noun often occurs at the start of a sentence when it is employed as the subject. It may be located by asking "who," as in who it is.


  • Bats sleep in trees during the day.
  • The lonely wolfhowled at the moon.

Use of Nouns as Objects

Nouns are usually used as objects in a sentence's last clause-the word "what" can be used to pinpoint it.


  • I purchased a pen.
  • Riyansh played cricket yesterday.
  • My father gifted me a bicycle.

Note: Nouns can function as both direct and indirect objects

Nouns Used as Direct Objects

Asking "what" will reveal a noun used as a direct object.


  • I can hardly see the street.
    - See what? - The street
  • Tom and Jerry ate the entire cake.
    - ate what? - The cake

Use of Nouns as Indirect Objects

To determine a noun used as an indirect object, you might utilize the "for whom" question.


  • Save [for] Mikea seat at the concert.
  • The teacher told [to] the girlsa story.

Note: A noun serves as a compliment when it describes or modifies another noun.

Nouns Used as Subject Complement

Positions and professions can serve as a subject complement.


  • Mike will remain the presidentof the company.
  • My friend is a doctor.

Nouns Used as Object Complement

After the noun change, object complements are nouns. Names, occupations, and positions may serve as an object complement.


  • The country elected Mr Smith as president.
  • The parents named the girl Sandy.

Multipurpose Nouns

Use of Nouns as Verbs

Some nouns can also function as verbs. Several nouns can also be employed as verbs with a little alteration in the original word's spelling.

Noun Definition


  • His divorceis final. (Used as a noun)
  • I am divorced. (Used as a verb)
  • She eyedan opportunity.
  • You can follow and unfollow people on Instagram.
Noun Definition

Using Nouns as Adjectives

Nouns can occasionally be treated as adjectives by putting a suffix to the base word or changing the spelling slightly.

Noun Definition


  • I have nomoney. (Used as a noun)
  • There has been a change in the monetary policy of the country. (Used as an adjective)
  • Mohit sensed some danger. (Used as a noun)
  • What you are trying to do is dangerous. (Used as an adjective)

Other Types of Nouns

English has more nouns than any other language, and several methods exist to create and use them. Different significant noun categories include:

1) Possessive nouns: To denote possession, a noun is joined by an apostrophe (') and the letter "s" (e.g., "my father's house"). The apostrophe should be used after the last "s" of a plural noun to denote possession (for example, "my parents' house").

Example: This location is larger than my sister's flat but smaller than my parents' home.

2) Gerunds: A gerund is a word that has the same meaning as a verb's present participle (the "-ing" form). For example, the noun "driving" was created from the present participle of the verb "drive," Both words describe the same activity.

Noun Definition

Example: My favourite pastimes while on vacation are reading and sunbathing.

3) Attributive Nouns: A noun can be modified by an attribute noun, which functions similarly to an adjective. For example, "company," which appears in the phrase "company policy," is an attributive word.

Even though they function similarly to adjectives, attributive nouns are nonetheless considered nouns. This is because they fall short of every adjective's grammatical criteria. For example, they must come before the noun; otherwise, it would be confusing to say, "a policy that's a company."

Example: Though I love carrot cake, ice cream is my preferred dessert.

4) Appositive Nouns: A noun that follows another noun to provide more information is appositive.

Without the appositive, it wouldn't be evident to whom or what you are addressing. Therefore, it is written without any additional punctuation. If it adds extra details that are not necessary, it is enclosed in commas.


  • John, one of my coworkers, has terrible breath.
  • My car, a Creta, broke down yesterday.

5) Generic Nouns: A generic noun is employed to designate an entire class of objects. They can be singular or plural and have no article, an indefinite article, or both. In certain instances, a noun can be used broadly, while not in others.


  • People are creative.
  • The printing press radically altered European culture.

Rule of Nouns

There are ten noun rules in all, which are covered in the section below.

Rule 1: Although certain nouns have plural meanings, they are usually treated as plural verbs, and some nouns have singular meanings but are utilized as plural nouns. People, the government, the public, men, and women are a few examples.

Example: The cops are performing well.

Noun Definition

Rule 2: Some nouns usually take plural verbs and are employed in plural form in sentences or phrases. For instance, pants, buses, taxes, etc.

Example: Is the pair of glasses he purchases from the store fashionable?

Rule 3: Always use a noun to denote a quantity, weight, length, amount of money, etc. When a certain number came before this term, it didn't alter.


  • From the shop, he purchased five dozen apples.
  • My residence is a few km from Ajay's office.

Rule 4: Certain nouns, such as furniture, ethics, guidance, arithmetic, and information, always accept singular verbs


  • Himachal's scenery is beautiful.
  • She has provided guidance.

Rule 5: Collective nouns must always be utilized in both plural & single forms. A jury, the general public, the government, a committee, an orchestra, etc.


  • The team hasn't yet started the game for today.
  • My family will be travelling for one day.

Rule 6: Material nouns are not preceded by the articles a, an, or the.


  • My sister prefers silver to gold. (Incorrect)

My sister prefers silver over gold. (Correct)

Rule 7: Some nouns have a distinct meaning when used in the plural and a different meaning when used in the single. For example, "work" includes both "job tasks" and "compositions."

Example: He has already consumed one-fourth of the pizza.

Noun Definition

Rule 8: We must utilize the feminine gender to represent elegance and beauty, whereas power and strength for the masculine gender to manifest the Neuter gender noun.

Example: The stars were blazing brightly on the ocean floor.

Rule 9: Even when collective nouns are applied to refer to living things, the neuter gender is employed.


  • The football team gave a poor performance.

The neuter gender is used for small creatures, young children, or insects.

  • The newborn babies are adorable.

Rule 10: Even though a title for a book, piece of art, etc., seems plural, it is still always assumed to be singular.

Example: My favourite movie is The Gangs of Wasseypur.

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