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What is the full form of NPS

NPS: National Pension System

NPS Stands for National Pension System. It was introduced in January 2004 and is a government-sponsored pension programme for employees of the government. In 2009, it was made available to all sections. A subscriber may make regular contributions to a pension account during her/his working career, withdraw a portion of the corpus in one lump sum, and then utilise the balance to purchase an annuity to ensure a steady income after retirement. It is a voluntary defined contribution retirement savings plan created to give participants the tools they need to make the best decisions for their future by setting aside money consistently while they are employed. The NPS aims to instil in the populace the habit of saving for retirement. It represents an effort to discover a long-term answer to the issue of giving each Indian resident a sufficient retirement income. In the NPS, personal savings are combined into a pension fund, which is then invested by PFRDA-regulated professional fund managers in accordance with approved investment guidelines in diversified portfolios that include stocks, bonds, and other corporate debt obligations in addition to government bonds and bills. Depending on how well the investment performed, these contributions would increase and accrue over time. Accounts in Tier-I and Tier-II categories are available through NPS. Pension accounts with limited withdrawals are classified as Tier-I accounts. Withdrawals and investments are available through the optional Tier-II account. It's only acceptable if the subscriber has a running Tier-I account. Over time, contributions build up until retirement increases with gains that are correlated to the market. When a person leaves their job or retires, at least 40% of their retirement fund must be used to buy a life insurance company's annuity, which will provide them with a pension for the rest of their lives. The remaining funds are paid out in a lump sum.

NPS full form

Salient Features And Benefits

Every subscriber of the National Pension System (NPS) receives a specific Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN), which is the foundation of the NPS. The Government of India has enhanced the security of the programme and provided some alluring perks for NPS account holders in an effort to promote savings.

The following advantages are provided by an NPS Account:

  1. PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulator, Ministry of Finance, Government of India), which provides transparent regulations governing the activities, regulates NPS. NPS Trust monitors compliance with the rules on a regular basis.
  2. It is a volunteer programme available to all Indian nationals. Any money, at any time, may be invested in your NPS account.
  3. Customers have the freedom to choose or modify the fund manager, POP (Point of Presence), and investment strategy. This guarantees that you may maximise profits based on your comfort level with different asset classes and fund managers (equity, corporate bonds, government securities, and alternative assets).
  4. NPS is one of the most affordable investment options on the market.
  5. In the event of a change in employment, city, or state, the NPS account or PRAN will remain the same.
  6. NPS account members are permitted to transfer their superannuation money to their NPS accounts without incurring any tax consequences. (After receiving the necessary authority's approval.)
  7. Triple tax advantages are provided by NPS.
  8. NPS offers effortless portability between occupations and places. In contrast to many pension programmes in India, it would allow individual members to move to a new job or area without having to worry about leaving behind the corpus built up.
  9. You can manage your NPS account online. The eNPS platform allows users to create an NPS account. Additionally, additional contributions may be made online via the eNPS portals of CRAs.


A citizen of India, whether a resident or a non-resident, is subject to the following requirements:

  1. The applicant must be between the ages of 18 and 60 on the date that the POP/POP-SP receives the application. Additionally, the applicant must adhere to the Know Your Customer (KYC) standards outlined in the Subscriber Registration Form. Mandatory submission of all documents needed for KYC compliance is necessary.
  2. The National Pension System (NPS) was implemented by the central government on January 1, 2004 (except for armed forces). Therefore, NPS is a requirement for all Central Government workers who start working on or after January 1, 2004.
  3. A person must be employed by a certain State Government to be a subscriber under that State Government. Numerous state governments have embraced the NPS architecture and started using it on various dates.
  4. Individuals with Indian citizenship between the ages of 18 and 60 who are employed by a business organisation and who meet the KYC requirements are eligible to register as NPS subscribers.

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