What is the full form of OCD
OCD: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. It is an anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and feel compelled to perform uncontrollable, repetitive behaviors (compulsions). The person may recognize that the obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational but feel unable to resist them. In OCD, the brain gets stuck on a particular thought or urge. For example, a person suffering from OCD may check the stove 10 times to make sure it is really turned off.
The symptoms can be divided into two parts: obsessions and compulsions. Most people with OCD exhibit both obsessions and compulsions. However, some may experience either obsession or compulsion.
Obsessions are repeated, unwanted thoughts, urges or images that are disturbing and thus cause anxiety and distress. Some common obsession symptoms, which are mainly obsessive thoughts, are as follows:
Compulsion symptoms mainly comprise compulsive behaviors which are repetitive activities that people do to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession.
The cause of OCD is not fully understood. However, it is thought to develop from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Other factors may include biological factors and environmental or learned behaviors.