# Optimization of DFA

To optimize the DFA you have to follow the various steps. These are as follows:

Step 1: Remove all the states that are unreachable from the initial state via any set of the transition of DFA.

Step 2: Draw the transition table for all pair of states.

Step 3: Now split the transition table into two tables T1 and T2. T1 contains all final states and T2 contains non-final states.

Step 4: Find the similar rows from T1 such that:

That means, find the two states which have same value of a and b and remove one of them.

Step 5: Repeat step 3 until there is no similar rows are available in the transition table T1.

Step 6: Repeat step 3 and step 4 for table T2 also.

Step 7: Now combine the reduced T1 and T2 tables. The combined transition table is the transition table of minimized DFA.

### Example ### Solution:

Step 1: In the given DFA, q2 and q4 are the unreachable states so remove them.

Step 2: Draw the transition table for rest of the states. Step 3:

Now divide rows of transition table into two sets as:

1. One set contains those rows, which start from non-final sates: 2. Other set contains those rows, which starts from final states. Step 4: Set 1 has no similar rows so set 1 will be the same.

Step 5: In set 2, row 1 and row 2 are similar since q3 and q5 transit to same state on 0 and 1. So skip q5 and then replace q5 by q3 in the rest. Step 6: Now combine set 1 and set 2 as: Now it is the transition table of minimized DFA.

Transition diagram of minimized DFA: Fig: Minimized DFA

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