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Past Participle Examples

Participles, eh? The enchanted component of speech that appears to be a verb but frequently functions as an adjective. They can be flawless. They can be ongoing.

So you have probably heard the term participle before, but you are not certain of its meaning. Or perhaps you understand what it means but aren't certain how to use those troublesome participles. After all, participles are a component of what makes those pesky irregular verbs so... pesky. Before we get too far ahead of ourselves, let us define a participle.

Past Participle Examples

What Exactly Is A Participle?

A participle is a type of term that is taken from the verb and can be utilized as an adjective or to compose verb tenses. Participles are regarded as a distinct part of speech in comparison to the verbs, but they resemble the verbs from which they derive.

The verb stroll, for instance, can be changed into the participles strolled and strolling. If you are a verb expert, you will realize that those two terms are the past and present tense forms of stroll. And you'd be correct!

As we previously stated, participles frequently resemble verbs. However, participles can perform a variety of functions that verbs cannot and can help a verb in conveying certain complex actions. There are 2 kinds of Participles - Present Participle and Past Participle

We'll look into past participle in this post;

What is a Past Participle

In English Grammar, a past participle is a verb tense which usually finishes in -ed and usually has an assisting verb. However, these past participle instances will help you in learning to recognize them.

Learning the English language begins with understanding the various word structures, including verb tenses. One such verb tense is the past participle. To construct the past participle, combine an auxiliary verb, such as "was," "were," "had," or "had," with the verb's past tense form.

You need to study some instances of this verb form to learn how to identify past participles. You'll become adept at finding normal verbs and irregular verbs in past participle format by studying both.

The third kind of English verb is the past participle.

Past Participle Examples

To differentiate it from the past tense, it commonly ends as the -en participle. It is due to the fact that numerous common English participles end in -en, such as write, wrote, and written.

There are 2 types of past participles, these include; the regular and irregular.

Regular past participles are generated in a similar manner as regular past participles by appending -ed to the root form or -d if the root form already finishes in -e:

For instance

  • start becomes started ;
  • Arrive becomes arrived.

Irregular past participle variants, like irregular verb past forms, are highly unpredictable. Likewise, many irregular past participles finished in -en, an uniformity that seems to have originated in ancient periods of English.

However, around one-third of irregular past participles still have the -en suffix. As a result, we know instinctively that an irregular verb form finishing in -en (or -n) is a past participle.

  1. speak becomes spoken.
  2. choose becomes chosen.
  3. eat becomes eaten.
  4. fly becomes flown.
  5. see becomes seen.

Note that the past form of a verb typically occurs by itself, whereas the past participle nearly always occurs after a version of be or had. Take note of the following:

Some irregular verbs have similar past participle and present tense forms. Some examples of this include cut, hit, let split.

In other examples the past participle differs entirely from the past tense:

Past Participle Examples

Also there are 2 varieties/ choices for both the past tense and the past participle:

Burned - Burnt ;

Dreamed- Dreamt ;

Leaped- Leapt ;

Showed - Shown ;

Spilled - Split ;

Spoiled- Spoilt ;

There are several ways to employ the past participle.

After the assisting verbs to be or to have, the past participle is used as the primary or the main verb:

  1. I was captivated and deterred by Bruce Lee's movie.
  2. We have functioned the inkjet printer for a month.
  3. Jiya and DeShawn had stopped by the time we reached.

In passive statements, past participles are frequently used after the assisting verb be:

  1. Scuffles are being battled at the border.
  2. Her drama was seen by thousands of people.

Past participles are widely used as adjectives in addition to producing perfect tenses and passive forms of verbs.

  1. A broken pen.
  2. A shocked kid.
  3. A shattered window pane.
  4. A tattered cloth.
  5. A Smudged Ink.

Past Participle Instances- Utilized as Adjectives

Past particles can appear as adjectives in a statement. They alter a noun or pronoun by using the simple past tense (-ed) form of the verb. This usage is typically used as a predicate adjective, post a linking verb.

Here are a couple such examples :

  1. We felt fatigued after a full day of volunteering.
  2. We were captivated by his fun - filled story.
  3. Sally was intrigued by the last slice of cake.
  4. John is interested in knowing more about animal biology.
  5. Peter always wears a damaged headband.
  6. I have a colored planner on my work station.
  7. We consumed a lot of grilled pork.
  8. I don't consume boiled water since it tastes strange.
  9. Bob is the team's most desired player.
  10. The terrified child leapt over the wall.
  11. I am not enthralled by your hilarious behavioural patterns.
Past Participle Examples

Examples of Past Participles - Used as Participle Phrases

In English grammar, the past particle may also be used to start a participle phrase. These phrases serve as adjectives to characterize a noun or pronoun that appears later in the sentence. Here are a couple such examples:

  1. Terrified by the loud boom, the youngsters fled inside.
  2. Invested in what he was telling, the schoolchildren listened carefully to hear.
  3. Appalled by what they witnessed, the family exited the restaurant and went somewhere else.
  4. Confused by her reply, Chris was not sure if she embraced his suggestion or not.

Perfect Verb Tenses - Past Participle Examples

The present perfect tense employs the present-tense format of "have" to indicate previous action that is expected to continue at present as well as in the future. Likewise, the past participle can be found in three of the total six perfect verb tenses. These employ the aiding verb "have" as well as the past tense version of the verb.

Perfect Present Tense

The first instance of this conjugation is the present perfect tense. This verb tense utilizes the present-tense form of "have" to indicate previous behavior that is expected to continue presently as well as in the future. Here are a few instances of the present perfect tense:

  1. Melissa has purchased her scooty for two years.
  2. The sheep have crossed the fence 4 times.
  3. We have gone to Theme Parks for the past five trips.

Perfect Past Tense

The past participle appears in the past perfect tense also. This verb tense employs the past-tense form of "had" to describe an activity that took place in the past before the next action took place. Here are a couple such examples:

  1. I'd hooked three fish before Sam did.
  2. The kitty had bolted before we could close the door.
  3. The letter had come early on the weekend.

Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense denotes an act that will be completed at a later date. It blends "have" in the future tense along with past participle. Here are some instances of past participles that can be utilized in the future perfect tense:

  1. Helen will have slept 40 minutes by the time we get her up.
  2. Kids will have already left for class by the time the snowfall day is announced.
  3. Until winter arrives, we will have diced enough timber for the heating system.

Irregular Verbs with Past Participles

The basic form of the verb is accompanied by -ed in most past participles, like strolled or jumped. Unusual verbs, on the other hand, can terminate in a range of ways. Here are a couple such examples:

  1. I have grown with the nature. (Past participle of grow )
  2. Kids have contracted the infection. (Past participle of contract )
  3. He has selected her dress for the party. (Past participle of select )
  4. If they had understood the result, would have chosen variably. (Past participle of understand )

The Passive Voice with Past Participles

A passive statement is one where the subject is acted upon rather than the individual or thing performing the action. Passive sentences are often produced by conjugating the verb "be" with a past participle.

Examples: Past participles and passive voice sentences

  1. The chapters of the novel were torn by the baby.
  2. All the meal is being eaten by the visitors.
  3. The package will be forwarded before lunch time.

Concluding Lines On Past Participant Examples

So why must one be concerned about past participles? Understanding verb tenses and the various ways verbs can occur in sentences is critical when learning English. It educates you how to construct meaningful sentences.

Past participles come effortlessly to native speakers. However, if you are learning English, it may take a bit more time to grasp on. In either case, studying examples will assist you in getting it properly.

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