What is the full form of PCV
PCV: Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
PCV Stands for Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. The Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) is an effective pneumococcal disease preventative. Pneumococcal disease is a general term for any illness brought on by pneumococcal germs. Pneumonia, a lung infection, is only one of the disorders that these bacteria can cause. A common cause of pneumonia is pneumococcal bacteria. Pneumococcal bacteria, in addition to pneumonia, can also result in ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis (infection of the membrane encasing the brain and spinal cord), and bacteremia (infection of the blood). Anyone can contract the pneumococcal illness, but the most vulnerable groups include those who smoke cigarettes, are older than 65, have specific medical disorders, are under the age of two, and are under particular conditions. Mild infections from pneumococcus are the norm. Some, like brain injury or hearing loss, can, however, have long-term negative effects.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) Dosage
- The 13 different bacterial strains responsible for pneumococcal illness are protected by PCV13.
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccination is typically given in 4 doses, at 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months of age, to infants and young children. In case they did not obtain the recommended doses, older kids (up to the age of 59 months) may receive the vaccine.
- In addition, if they have not already received PCV13, adults and children aged 6 and older with specific medical issues are advised to do so.
- Depending on conversations between the patient and medical professional, this vaccination may be administered to healthy people 65 years of age or older who have not yet received PCV13.
Related Risks Of The Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
- If PCV13 is given at the same time as the inactivated influenza vaccine, young children may be more susceptible to seizures brought on by fever afterward. For further details, check with your health care provider.
- After medical procedures, including vaccinations, some people experience fainting. If you have ringing in your ears, vision problems, or dizziness, inform your healthcare professional.
- As with any medication, there is a very small possibility that a vaccine can result in a severe allergic reaction, other grave side effects, or even death.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) Recommendation
People of all ages who are at a higher risk of pneumococcal disease complications due to certain medical conditions are advised to get vaccinated against the disease.
This includes those who have :
- Celiac disease, Sickle cell disease, Immunosuppression, or an absent Spleen.
- Renal disease, Heart disease, or Chronic liver illness.
- Ongoing Lung disease.
- Learning difficulty among other persistent neurological diseases of the brain
- Implanted cochlear.
- Fluid spills from the brain.
- Issues with complement (the complement system is an important part of the immune system)
Ingredients Contained In The Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
It contains extremely minute levels of the following substances, excluding the active constituents (the antigens):
- Aluminum, which lengthens and enhances the immunological response to the vaccine.
- Sodium chloride (salt).
- A regulator of acidity is succinic acid.
- As an emulsifier, polysorbate is employed (to hold other ingredients together)
Side Effects Of The Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
- Near the injection site, there may be swelling, soreness, or rashes.
- The temperature has risen a little.
- Stomach aches
- Having trouble sleeping
Functions Of The Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
- Both pneumococcal vaccination types stimulate the body's production of antibodies that fight pneumococcal germs.
- In order to neutralize or eliminate pathogens and toxins, the body produces antibodies, which are proteins.
- Even if you are infected with the bacteria, they prevent you from getting sick.
- The pneumococcal bacterium has been divided into more than 90 distinct strains, however, the majority of these variants are not harmful to humans.
- When compared to the adult vaccine (PPV), the children's vaccine (PCV) only protects against 13 different pneumococcal bacterial strains.