PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
If you have a specific academic field that you love and wish to gain as much knowledge as possible, then a PhD is the right choice for you. PhD is the short form of Doctor of Philosophy. It is a degree offered to specialize in the subject of your choice, and it enables you to teach the subject of your interest in the universities. A successful PhD program also helps secure some specific positions.
Doctor of philosophy is pursued by the individuals having 'love of wisdom'. This term is also the literal meaning of the word philosophy. In many institutes, it is the criteria for the qualifications of the professor. Additionally, for many research-oriented jobs or for becoming a scientist, it is the basic criteria.
The most popular organizations offering PhD are IISc, IITs, and ISI. Many institutes other than these are well known for their PhD program. These institutes generate research work that contributes to the development of the country. It helps to boost the economy and to compete with the other nations.
What is a PHD?
PhD is a postgraduate degree program awarded to individuals for their work in the field of their interest. Universities and institutions grant PhD to the candidates for the submission of the thesis and original research work in their chosen field.
The highest degree any student can achieve is that of a PhD. Students usually opt for the PhD after they complete their master's. However, some universities offer PhD after the bachelor's degree itself. Many institutions even offer to upgrade the master's program to a PhD program if students have the necessary knowledge, skills, and research interest.
Duration and Mode of the Course
PhD is a three-to-four-year course, and it involves studying and presenting a thesis or dissertation for their research. It is required to submit the course work in some countries while others accept a portfolio of published papers.
It is also compulsory for the student to complete the viva voce, which is generally conducted in the presence of a small number of examiners. Although the traditional PhD programs involve learning on campus, e-learning and distance learning programs are widely accepted nowadays.
Requirements for PhD Admissions
PhD admissions consider the grades of the students of both the bachelor's or master's program. The research capabilities are also tested before the admissions. It is mandatory for the candidate to have a master's degree or an honours degree and a bachelor's degree in many universities. However, some institutions also accept candidates who have only a master's degree. PhD admissions are also based on the type of funding you choose. For example: a student with a low grade can choose a self-funded PhD program and get admission.
Generally, in many institutes, students are assigned professors who act as supervisors and guide them throughout their PhD program. However, it is compulsory to have a supervisor professor in some institutes before enrolling in the program.
It is good to approach a professor in your institute before starting the PhD program. The professor will accept the proposal based on whether your interest matches the department. The supervisor can help in brainstorming ideas and selecting the research topics.
Eligibility for PhD
The basic qualifications for admissions to a regular PhD program are:
Steps to Apply for a PhD
The Universities follow the selection process to admit any student into the PhD course. The process includes various entrance examinations, interviews, and research proposals. The basic steps for initiating the application for admission are:
Admission Process for PhD Program
The demand for the PhD course is increasing with the increasing need for research and development in all fields. The candidate has to go through an admission process for a PhD program which is as follows:
Applications for PhD
Proficiency of Language
It is essential to present the proof of language proficiency to complete the study and research in any field a particular language as a medium. The proof could be a language examination certificate or proof of completing the undergraduate or postgraduate degree in that particular language.
Academic / Employment Documents
It is mandatory to submit the documents and other academic details, such as course modules, etc. These are required while filling the PhD application form. Additionally, it is required to submit the details of your publications and research projects.
Some applications also ask for references for two or three people who know the candidate and their academics well. The people may include the professors or tutors from the undergraduate or postgraduate course of the student. The reference provided by you will act as the witness for your academics, coursework, research capabilities, and potential in that field.
Some institutes also ask the candidate to write a personal statement which is a short essay. The personal statement would include your reasons for joining the program, motivation for working in the field, and related interests. Additionally, one may also highlight the relevant extra-curricular activities related to the field. Many websites may help and guide you to write an effective personal statement. Many institutes offer their guidance for writing the personal statement and help alter it according to the institutions.
The candidate is required to submit the research proposal for admission to the PhD program. The research paper has specific functions such as -
Structure of PhD in India
The PhD program consists of both theory and practical sessions of the subject. Along with the coursework, it also comprises of the research work. The program generally for 3 to 4 years and operates on the semester pattern. The detailed structure of a PhD differs according to the type of PhD, university, institution, the field of research, and time period.
The performance of the student is evaluated every semester. The basic structure comprises coursework, research, examinations, research proposals, and thesis.
Types of PhD programs offered in India
Many students have an interest in a certain field and wish to undergo the PhD course. However, some may be pursuing something that interests them and wishes to earn a PhD degree. Moreover, many students prefer learning at their own pace and convenience. Hence, according to the requirements of the students, there are two types of PhD courses. The two types of PhD programs offered in India are part-time and full-time PhD.
Advantages of Part-time PhD
A part-time PhD is beneficial as it is very flexible. Students can earn the PhD degree part-time along with the other work they are interested in. Moreover, it has many other benefits as compared to the full-time PhD program, these include -
Some students are curious to learn about the field of their interest and wish to do something they love. A part-time PhD is a great option for all such students.
Advantages of Full-time PhD
A full-time PhD course involves intense research and reading on the topic. The part-time course can be difficult for the students as they will have to balance both. Additionally, a full-time PhD will provide the advantage of focused research as there is only a single task. Students doing research accept giving their 3-4 years for the PhD and are motivated to complete it. Other benefits of the full-time PhD programs are -
Jobs After PhD
Nowadays, the demand for research has increased tremendously. Eventually, the jobs for the students who have completed the PhD have also increased. The jobs after PhD are not confined to the teaching professions, but it has widened to many domains. Hence, the candidate can choose from the following fields according to their interests and expertise:
Reasons for pursuing PhD Program