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Coronavirus Origin

The virus Coronavirus is a collection of many viruses that is present in birds and mammals. The virus also affects human beings. At present, Coronavirus has become the leading cause of respiratory tract infections in human beings. In some common cold cases, that infection (mainly cause of rhinoviruses) can be mild, but in most cases, it is lethal. The related Coronaviruses are SARS- CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), MERS- CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), and Covid-19, etc.

The symptom varies in different species. For Example- In birds and chickens, this virus causes an upper respiratory tract infection, and in some mammals like pig and cow, it is the cause of diarrhea.

The antiviral drugs and vaccines to treat or prevent Coronavirus infections are not available yet.

What is Coronavirus?

The name Coronavirus is derived from the Latin word "crown" or "halo.". Its shape looks like a crown or Solar Coronavirus around the virus particles when viewed via a two-dimensional transmission electron microscopy technique. The scientific name of the Coronavirus is OrthoCoronavirusvirinae or Coronavirusviniae. Thus, the Coronavirus belongs to the OrthoCoronavirusvirinae family (group). Coronavirus is a virus with the largest R.N.A genome size of 27 to kilobases. There are some other viruses included in the subfamily of Coronavirus, such as Coronavirusviridae, Order Nidovirales, and Realm Riboviria. These viruses are enfolded with a single-stranded positive-sense RNA genome and nucleocapsid of helical symmetry.

Coronavirus Origin
Coronavirus Origin

Fig: Diagrammatic representation of Coronavirus-Covid 19

How and Where the Coronavirus Originate?

According to many health experts, the strain of Coronavirus comes from Pangolins or bats. The COVID-19 has become a pandemic Coronavirus disease for 2019-20. The cause of pandemic Coronavirus disease is Serve Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS Covid-2). The Coronavirus is common in Cattles and camels. It is unclear how exactly the Coronavirus spread in humans. According to the research, it has been observed that the SARS-CoV-2 spread in humans from seafood and animals.

Human Coronaviruses were discovered in the late 1960s. The first virus was discovered as an infection Bronchitis in chickens and two humans with a normal cold. Later these viruses were named Human Coronavirus 229E and Human Coronavirus OC43. With this, other viruses of the same family such as SARS-CoV in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU-1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV2 (nCoV-2019) in 2019 has also been identified till now. Most of these viruses are the cause of Respiratory Tract Infections.

The first infected human was identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019. A 55-year-old was the first infected person with Covid-19 in Wuhan, China. After that, the new Coronavirus spread all across the globe, covering almost a major part of the globe. On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (W.H.O) included it in a pandemic.

Coronavirus Origin

As of 6 May 2020, more than 3,741,276 cases of Coronavirus have been recorded in more than 212 countries. The Covid-19 has become a global pandemic resulting in more than 258,511 reported deaths cases till now. The total number of recoveries from Covid-19 is 1,247,433 till now.

In India, a total of 49,436 positive cases has been reported that include 1,695 deaths and 14,183 recoveries till now. In United States of America, the total number of positive cases are 1,237,761 including 72,275 deaths and 200,669 recoveries. In Italy, the total numbers of infected people are 213,013 which include 29,315 deaths and 85,231 recoveries. In Spain, there are a total of 250,561 cases have been reported that include 25,613 deaths and 154,718 recoveries. In China, the Coronavirus infected people are 82,883 that include 4,633 deaths and 77,911 recoveries. Still, it is not known that when this will stop.

How it Spread?

The Coronavirus spreads from person to person contact. When the infected person exhales out the breath or cough, then they drive out small droplets contain viruses. These tiny drops can enter in someone's mouth or nose and cause infection to them also. The drops that contain viruses can also land on the surface of any object. The other people can get the virus from that object or surface.

The most common way of spreading the infection is by keeping close contact with the Coronavirus infected person. This disease is more dangerous when the symptoms of the person are at a high peak. The Covid-19 is the new virus, and we do not have any vaccines or specific treatments for this. The research for Coronavirus is still going on.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

There are some primary symptoms of Covid-19 given below-

  • Persistent Cold and Cough
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Fever
  • Chest Pressure or Pain
  • Body Pain (sometimes)

These symptoms can be seen between 3-14 days if anyone is infected from the Covid-19 disease.

Prevention

It is a challenge to find the exact and effective ways to prevent the infection of SARS-CoV-2. Antiviral vaccines prevent many viruses. Maybe the vaccines for Covid-19 take time to discover. There are some ways given below to avoid the Covid-19 infection-

  • The best way to prevent the Coronavirus is to avoid social gatherings and regularly to wash the hands per hour. According to the Center Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), we have to wash the hands with water and soap for at least 20 seconds each time.
  • Hand washing or Sanitizing is very important after being in public places.
  • We should avoid touching the face unnecessarily before washing the hands properly.
  • The people infected with Covid-19 should stay at home and avoid contact with other people outside.
  • We should always clean the surface surrounding us and avoid the sharing of any items.
  • We must cover the nose and mouth if we are sneezing or coughing.
  • Always try to wear a mask.

Top 50 Coronavirus (Covid-19) Infected Countries LIVE Update

Country Total Cases Total Deaths Total Recovery
USA USA 1,237,761 72,275 200,669
Spain Spain 250,561 25,613 154,718
Italy Italy 213,013 29,315 85,231
UK UK 194,990 29,427 N/A
France France 170,551 25,531 52,736
Germany Germany 167,007 6,993 137,400
Russia Russia 165,929 1,537 21,327
Turkey Turkey 129,491 3,520 73,285
Brazil Brazil 115,953 7,958 48,221
Iran Iran 99,970 6,340 80,475
China China 82,883 4,633 77,911
Canada Canada 62,046 4,043 26,993
Peru Peru 51,189 1,444 15,413
Belgium Belgium 50,509 8,016 12,441
India India 49,436 1,695 14,183
Netherlands Netherlands 41,087 5,168 N/A
Ecuador Ecuador 31,881 1,569 3,433
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 30,251 200 5,431
Flag Switzerland 30,009 1,795 25,400
Mexico Mexico 26,025 2,507 16,810
Portugal Portugal 25,702 1,074 1,743
Sweden Sweden 23,216 2,854 4,074
Pakistan Pakistan 22,550 526 6,217
Chile Chile 22,016 275 10,710
Ireland Ireland 21,983 1,339 13,386
Singapore Singapore 20,198 18 1,519
Belarus Belarus 18,350 107 3,771
Qatar Qatar 17,142 12 1,924
Israel Israel 16,314 238 10,527
Austria Austria 15,650 606 13,462
Japan Japan 15,253 556 4,496
UAE UAE 15,192 146 3,153
Poland Poland 14,647 723 4,655
Romania Romania 13,837 854 5,454
Ukraine Ukraine 13,184 327 2,097
Indonesia Indonesia 12,071 872 2,197
Bangladesh Bangladesh 10,929 183 1,403
S. Korea S. Korea 10,806 255 9,333
Philippines Philippines 10,004 658 1,506
Denmark Denmark 9,938 503 7,296
Serbia Serbia 9,677 200 1,723
Colombia Colombia 8,613 378 2,013
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 8,480 354 1,905
Norway Norway 7,955 215 32
Czechia Czechia 7,896 257 4,006
South Africa South Africa 7,572 148 2,746
Egypt Egypt 7,201 452 1,730
Panama Panama 7,523 210 823
Australia Australia 6,875 97 5,975
Malaysia Malaysia 6,383 106 4,567
Total: 3,741,276 258,511 1,247,433

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