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PostgreSQL Date & Time Function

A list of all important Date and Time related functions:

Function Description
AGE() Subtract arguments
CURRENT DATE/TIME() It specifies current date and time.
DATE_PART() Get subfield (equivalent to extract)
EXTRACT() Get subfield.
ISFINITE() Test for finite date ,time and interval (not +/-infinity)
JUSTIFY Adjust interval

AGE(timestamp, timestamp) & AGE(timestamp):

function description
age(timestamp, timestamp) when invoked with the timestamp form of the second argument, age() subtract arguments, producing a "symbolic" result that uses years and months and is of type interval.
age(timestamp) when invoked with only the timestamp as argument, age() subtracts from the current_date (at midnight).

Let's take an example to check the AGE(timestamp, timestamp) query.

See this example:

Open query page by pressing Ctrl+E.

Execute this query:

SELECT AGE(timestamp '2016-01-26', timestamp '1947-08-15');

PostgreSQL Date&Time1

Example for function AGE(timestamp) is:

It is used to produce the current age.

Execute the following query:

SELECT AGE(timestamp '1947-08-15');

PostgreSQL Date&Time2

Current DATE/TIME()

Following is a list of functions that return values related to the current date and time.

Function Description
CURRENT_DATE Delivers current date.
CURRENT_TIME Delivers values with time zone.
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP Delivers values with time zone.
CURRENT_TIME(precision) Optionally takes a precision parameter, which causes the result to be rounded to that many fractional digits in the seconds field.
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(precision) Optionally takes a precision parameter, which causes the result to be rounded to that many fractional digits in the seconds field.
LOCALTIME Delivers values without time zone.
LOCALTIMESTAMP Delivers values without time zone.
LOCALTIME(precision) Optionally takes a precision parameter, which causes the result to be rounded to that many fractional digits in the seconds field.
LOCALTIMESTAMP(precision) Optionally takes a precision parameter, which causes the result to be rounded to that many fractional digits in the seconds field.

Now, you can check the following commands:

For current time:

SELECT CURRENT_TIME;

PostgreSQL Date&Time3

For current date:

SELECT CURRENT_DATE;

PostgreSQL Date&Time4

For current timestamp (date and time both)

SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP;

PostgreSQL Date&Time5

Current timestamp with more precision:

SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(2);

PostgreSQL Date&Time6

Local Timestamp:

SELECT LOCALTIMESTAMP;

PostgreSQL Date&Time7



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