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Poverty In India Essay

When a person or a group lacks the financial means and daily necessities necessary for a quality of life, it is this situation which is referred to as poverty. In this instance, the necessities for a minimal level of existence are lacking. Because of their poor income, they cannot meet even their most basic needs in this circumstance. There are many factors contributing to India's extreme poverty. Still, in short, the population explosion, rising prices, debt trap, decreased agricultural production, and lack of adequate government development are the only ones.

Poverty In India Essay

These elements have widened the wealth disparity and raised the amount of poverty. The wealthiest become more opulent while the poor keep getting impoverished. This has exacerbated the issue with the Indian economy. Poverty has an impact on the nation's economy as a whole, as well as on an individual, their family, or their neighbourhood. Overall, the Indian economy depends on output, and poverty reduces efficiency in such situations.

Poverty: What Is It?

Being severely poor is the definition of poverty for a person. In this state, the person begins to lack the necessities of life, such as a roof over their heads and the food, medicine, and clothing they need to survive. There could be several causes causing poverty. Low income and the inability to obtain the essential commodities and services required for a person to survive with dignity constitute poverty in India. The poor state of one's health and education are also included. It also includes limited access to sanitary facilities and clean water, insufficient physical safety, insufficient capability, and the chance to live a better life.

One of India's most significant social problems now is poverty. A sizeable portion of the Indian population is negatively impacted. The rise in poverty in India is mainly due to population increase, emigration to cities in pursuit of employment, and widespread unemployment. Some of the ways that poverty can be somewhat reduced include raising the literacy rate and giving the poor sustainable living conditions.

India's Poverty Situation

India is one of the biggest democratic nations in the world, and its economy is expanding more quickly. It is a leading developing country with significant global significance. But it is still regarded as a developing nation. Poverty is one of every country's biggest problems, especially in India. A sizable portion of the population in India lives in poverty. It is an impoverished country as a result of this. Even 75 years after gaining our freedom, we still have difficulties, and poverty has afflicted our country. India has an extremely high rate of poverty, which has an impact on its progress.

Many commercial and public sector organisations have successfully worked with the federal and state governments to address this issue. Their main goal is to abolish poverty in India entirely. Together, they have been able to implement some effective programs to partially eradicate this severe issue and maintain the happiness of their inhabitants.

Every person's basic needs are being met to the best of their ability. This work has not reduced India's poverty. India is currently in its worst position in history, and it cannot be resolved by taking anything at face value. Understanding the character of Indian politics in the framework of history is so crucial. We can therefore find policies that could be put into place to stop this societal ill.

India's Poverty: Its Roots

The growing population exacerbates the issue of bad agricultural practices. In addition, wealth is not distributed equally. As a result, the wealthier neighbourhood frequently takes advantage of the underprivileged. Poor farming practices, a growing population, the gap between the rich and the poor, corruption, and black money are the main factors contributing to India's poverty.

  1. Poor Agriculture: India is primarily an agricultural nation that has poor agriculture. Most of the population of our country relies on agriculture. Our agriculture, meanwhile, is struggling. Farmers are ignorant and poor. They are unaware of contemporary farming practices. They lack adequate watering facilities. Seeds and fertiliser do not arrive in a timely manner. The yield is hence low. Currently, agriculture is not profitable. We have a food shortage. It must be imported. So, one of the reasons for India's poverty is its inadequate agricultural sector.
  2. Growing Population: There is a tremendous increase in our people. But we only have so much money. Population growth for us brings about problems. Our population is 1.30 billion today, 1.31 billion tomorrow, and so forth. For them, we require additional food, homes, and medical facilities. Therefore, we lack funds for development projects. It is necessary to slow down population growth. If not, we might not be able to eradicate poverty in India.
  3. Rich-Poor Gap: The widening gap between the Rich and the Poor contributes to some of India's poverty. The wealthy are getting wealthier. The underclass is getting poorer. It is necessary to close the two countries' economic gap. Our societal structure needs to be altered. To benefit from Independence, the underprivileged must receive all available assistance.
  4. Black Money and Corruption: Corruption exists in all spheres of life. The offices are inefficient. People have turned self-centred. They disregard the interests of the country. Price increases are a result of black money. Some people enjoy all the benefits. But a lot of people are in pain. Our economy is impacted by black money. It results in poverty

Effects of Poverty

  1. Illiteracy: A more significant proportion of the population is illiterate. Education becomes quite challenging when people lack the most basic necessities of existence.
  2. Child Labor: Both young boys and girls work as children in India in great numbers. However, there is a provision in our constitution to stop child labour but the grave poverty force these children to work, which also causes illiteracy.
  3. Diet and Nutrition: Poverty is the main factor contributing to inadequate diet and nutrition. Poor people have extremely restricted resources, and their diets reflect this.
  4. Poor Living Conditions and Housing Issues: They are not provided with adequate living arrangements. To obtain food, clothing, and housing, they must struggle against the suffering of poverty. Many low-income families reside in homes with just one room.
  5. Unemployment: Looking for work causes the poor to move from their villages to their towns and vice versa. They are primarily illiterate and unskilled, which leaves them with a minimal number of career possibilities. Because of unemployment, many poor people must lead useless lives.
  6. Hygiene and Sanitation: These people are unfamiliar with the fundamentals of appropriate hygiene and sanitation practices. They have no idea what lousy hygiene practices can do. A decent sanitation system and access to clean, safe water are two things that the government is working to offer its citizens.
  7. The Feminisation of Poverty: Women suffer from poverty more than anyone else. More women than males suffer from poverty. More poor women than poor men live in the world as a whole. Low wages, gender inequality, and other factors are the causes. They lack access to a portion of healthy food, medications, and medical care.
  8. Social Tension: Income disparity and an uneven distribution of the nation's wealth between both the rich and the poor are prevalent aspects of poverty. Insurgencies and social upheaval are triggered by the accumulation of wealth in the hands of a select group of wealthy people. The general level of living among individuals increases when the wealth is distributed fairly or evenly.

How Can India Reduce Poverty?

The issue cannot be fixed in a week or a year. In order to implement some of the measures that assist the population living below the poverty line, the government of the nation must plan carefully. The other two causes of poverty in India are illiteracy and unemployment. Only with appropriate education and financial support can this problem be solved.

Access to education can encourage higher education, and more education can make such people more employable. In this way, as the person begins to earn money, poverty may increase. In India, education is the most potent weapon against poverty. India's most effective tool against poverty is education.

The following actions are required to eradicate poverty in India: The GOI ought to spend on reducing poverty there.

  • Increasing the number of jobs available in India
  • The workers who lack literacy must be given advanced training.
  • Both healthcare and education need to be free.
  • The public distribution system must perform its responsibilities well. Free food and clean water must be available to those who live in poverty.
  • The population boom needs to be restrained. It is necessary to put in place a number of birth control promotion plans.
  • Farmers must be given access to appropriate agricultural resources. They can also improve their profit with this method. They won't move to metropolitan areas in search of food as a result.


The difficulty of poverty is that those who experience it are unable to obtain even the most basic necessities of life. The government and other NGOs have taken many actions to lessen poverty. Therefore, the quality of life outside of India can be raised.

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