Present Participle Examples
You're certainly aware of the names of various verb tenses as an English learner, such as the present continuous or the past simple. Have you ever heard someone mention the present participle and wondered what they meant? If that's the case, you've come to the correct place! Continue reading to learn about the present participle and when to use it.
Before learning about the Present Participle and its examples, let us start things by studying a few fundamentals Participles;
What Is a Participle?
A participle is a verb that functions as an adjective. A verbal is a word that is derived from a verb but does not function as one. A participle can be used to alter a noun or a pronoun. As an example: Eating , working etc
What Exactly Is a Participial Phrase?
A participial phrase starts with a participle and contains objects or other modifiers. It can also be used as an adjective. As an example:
The growling cat desired to enter the house. The participle growling alters the cat in this case.
Growling angrily, the cat desired to enter the house. The participial phrase growling angrily alters the cat in this case.
There are 2 kinds of participles: present participles and past participles. Present participles conclude with in -ing, whereas the past participles conclude in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n.
When a verb is employed as an adjective, the -ing form is called a present participle.A present participle differs from a gerund, which is the -ing version of a verb employed as a noun.
The upcoming date hung over the heads of all the employees in the company.
In this context, upcoming is an adjective used to define the date.
The lunging blaze from the burning house introduced the firefighters with the duty of safeguarding other surrounding houses from the increasing fire.
Lunging, burning, and increasing are verbals utilized as adjectives to define a noun in the phrase (blaze, housing, and fire, respectively), classifying them as present participles.
Despite the fact that it ends in -ing, safeguarding is not a participle since it functions as a noun in the phrase (the object of the preposition), making it a gerund.
What is the Present Participle?
Every English verb has a present participle, which is also referred to as a gerund. We utilize the fundamental form of the verb and add -ing to make it. As an example,
Feed - Feeding
Nap - Napping
Wondering - Wondering
Present participles include eating, napping, and wondering.
We eliminate the -e and add -ing to verbs that finish in -e. As an example,
Ride - Riding
We double the last consonant in most short one-syllable verbs, such as halt, place, and seat.
As an example,
Ending, placing, resting.
When Should the Present Participle Be Used?
In the following scenarios, the present participle is used:
Let's dig deeper into each of these possibilities.
Consider the verb to giggle:
The present participle is as follows: giggling
It is used as an adjective here: The giggling fairy
It is used to generate a verb tense in this context: The fairy bursts out giggling.
Participles are classified into two types:
Non-finite verbs are present and past participles. (A non-finite verb is something that does not show tense on its own. This means that if you only look at a participle, you won't be able to know whether you're working with the past, present, or future tense.)
Examples of Adjectives Using Present Participles
Here are some instances of adjectives made from present participles:
To rush is the verb, and rushing water is the present participle
To Flourish is the verb and flourishing organization is the present participle for the same.
To encourage is the verb and Encouraging words is the present participle.
More Adjective Examples of Present Participles
Here are some instances of present participles being used as adjectives;
Present Participles in Participle Phrases
A participial phrase is one that starts with a participle and ends with an adjective. Participial phrases are utilized to alter a noun or pronoun in a sentence's primary clause.
A comma must always accompany a participial phrase at the start of a sentence. Unless they give crucial information, participial phrases in the center of a sentence are separated by commas. To minimize confusion, a participial phrase should be put as close to the noun that it modifies as feasible.
Present participles are very prevalent in participle phrases. A participle phrase can also function as an adjective.
The participle phrases are underlined in the instances below, and the present participles are bold:
My mom is next to the girl wearing the blue scarf.
("The girl" is described by the participle phrase "wearing the blue scarf.")
I know a lake brimming with prawns.
(A lake is described by the participle phrase "brimming with prawn.")
Eagerly shuffling through her clothes, Chris hoped to find another gold coin.
(The participle phrase "Chris" is described as "eagerly shuffling through her clothes.")
Depending on Mark's incapability to cast precisely, Lewis placed his bait clearly where Michael had just captured the small sulking.
(The participle phrase "Depending on Mark's incapability to cast precisely" describes "Lewis.")
Note: Position the noun or pronoun being changed directly after the participial phrase to prevent a dangling participle (a grammatical mistake caused when a participial phrase changes the wrong noun or pronoun).
Crossing the road, a taxi almost struck Eric. - Incorrect
Crossing the road, Eric was almost struck by a taxi.- Correct
The error in the first case implies that the car was crossing the road. This problem is solved by inserting the right noun ("Eric") directly after the participial phrase.
Let us have a look at another example;
Peeping through the trees, his feet landed in a massive mud puddle - Incorrect.
Peeping through the trees, Jake landed his feet in a massive puddle of mud. Correct
The subject is unclear in the first line since it does not specify who is conducting the activity described in the participle leaping. This is known as a misplaced modifier. Since the word feet cannot peep, it cannot be the subject. The second sentence is clearer since the peeping must be done by someone, and this sentence identifies that person as Jake.
Present Participles Used in Verb Tenses
Present participles are employed to generate verb tenses in addition to being utilized as adjectives. The verb tenses are listed below (present participles highlighted)
The 4 Past Tenses Example
The 4 Present Tenses Example
The 4 Future Tenses Example
The progressive (or continuous) tenses are formed using present participles. The progressive tenses indicate continuous action.
Present Participles and Continuous Verb Tenses
Continuous verb tenses (also known as progressive verb tenses) are formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb "be" with a present participle.
There are three major types of continuous tenses:
Present Participles and Continuous Verb Tenses Examples.
I was doing my schoolwork when you phoned.
Roman is repairing the boiler.
Leah will be addressing the implications of her investigation in a series of talks.
Note: The perfect continuous tenses are created by combining a conjugated version of the auxiliary verb "have," the past participle of the verb "be" (i.e., "been"), and a present participle (for example, "I have been drawing," "she had been climbing," and "they will have been travelling all day").
These tenses are used less frequently than other continuous tenses, but they are still quite prevalent.
Do Not Mix Up Present Participants with Gerunds.
Gerunds, which are nouns generated from verbs, must not be confused with present participles. Gerunds are also suffixed with "-ing." In terms of spelling, there is no distinction between gerunds and present participles. They differ according to their function. Gerunds are proper nouns. Present participles are either adjectives or verb tenses.
The words in bold are gerunds, and the words underlined are present participles.
Climbing was hard on my legs. - Gerund
There is no climbing equipment in the building.
(This is a present participle employed as an adjective.)
I dislike moving home. - Gerund
The surface was movingbeneath our chair.
(This is a present participle employed for verb tense.)
Some examples of Present Participle are here;