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Q. Program to delete a new node from the beginning of the doubly linked list.

Explanation

In this program, we will create a doubly linked list and delete a node from the beginning of the list. If the list is empty, print the message "List is empty". If the list is not empty, we will make the head to point to next node in the list then; we will delete the first node.

Program to delete a new node from the beginning of the doubly linked list

Consider the above example, new was the head of the list. Make head to point to next node in the list. Now, node 1 will become the new head of the list thus, deleting node new.

Algorithm

  1. Define a Node class which represents a node in the list. It will have three properties: data, previous which will point to the previous node and next which will point to the next node.
  2. Define another class for creating a doubly linked list, and it has two nodes: head and tail. Initially, head and tail will point to null.
  3. deleteFromStart() will delete a node from the beginning of the list:
    1. It first checks whether the head is null (empty list) then, it will return from the function as there is no node present in the list.
    2. If the list is not empty, it will check whether the list has only one node.
    3. If the list has only one node, it will set both head and tail to null.
    4. If the list has more than one node then, the head will point to next node in the list and delete the old head node.
  4. display() will show all the nodes present in the list.
    1. Define a new node 'current' that will point to the head.
    2. Print current.data till current points to null.
    3. Current will point to the next node in the list in each iteration.

Solution

Python

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
3 4 5 
Updated List: 
4 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

C

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
3 4 5 
Updated List: 
4 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

JAVA

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
3 4 5 
Updated List: 
4 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

C#

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
3 4 5 
Updated List: 
4 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

PHP

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
3 4 5 
Updated List: 
4 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

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