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What is the full form of PTSD


PTSD: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. It is a mental condition that develops in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic or terrifying event such as:

  • Natural Disasters
  • Car or plane crash
  • Terrorist attack
  • Sudden death of a loved one
  • Kidnapping
  • Sexual assault
Fullform PTSD

The treatment of PTSD involves medications and psychotherapy (talk therapy) or both. The diagnosis of PTSD is confirmed after a person continuously experiences symptoms for at least one month after the traumatic event. The key symptoms that indicate this disorder can be divided into four categories:

1) Re-experiencing the traumatic event:

  • Flashbacks and nightmare of the event
  • Upsetting memories of the event
  • Getting upset when reminded of the trauma
  • Intense physical responses to reminders of the event like rapid breathing, nausea, sweating

2) Avoidance and numbing:

  • Avoiding activities, places and people that remind the trauma
  • Losing interest in work, or other general activities
  • Feeling detached from family, friends and being emotionally numb

3) Hyperarousal:

  • Difficult sleeping
  • Easily get irritated and angered
  • Hypervigilance ( continuously on "red alert")
  • Feeling anxious and get easily upset
  • Difficulty remembering things
  • Depression and hopelessness

4) Negative thought and mood changes:

  • Loss of interest in recreational activities
  • Distorted feelings of guilt, blame etc
  • Negative thoughts about oneself or the world
  • Feeling alone or alienated

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B.Tech / MCA