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Locating Strategies- (By Link Text)

In this section, you will learn how to locate a particular web element through its Link Text.

Let us consider a test case in which we will automate the following scenarios:

  • Invoke Firefox browser
  • Open URL: https://www.testandquiz.com/selenium/testing.html
  • Click on the link text "This is a Link" on the sample web page
  • We will create our test case step by step in order to give you a complete understanding of how to use Locators to identify and locate a particular web element.

    Step1. Launch Eclipse IDE and open the existing test suite "Demo_Test" which we have created in earlier sessions of this tutorial.

    Step2. Right click on the "src" folder and create a new Class File from New > Class.

    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text

    Give your Class name as "Link_Test" and click on "Finish" button.

    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text

    Step3. Let's get to the coding ground.

    • To invoke Firefox browser, we need to download Gecko driver and set the system property for Gecko driver. We have already discussed this in earlier sessions of this tutorial. You can refer "Running Test on Firefox Browser" to learn how to download and set System property for Firefox driver.

    Here is the sample code to set system property for Gecko driver:

    • After that we have to initialize Gecko Driver using Desired Capabilities Class.

    Here is the sample code to initialize gecko driver using DesiredCapabilities class.

    Combining both of the above code blocks, we will get the code snippet to launch Firefox browser.

    • After that we need to write the code which will automate our second test scenario (navigate to the desired URL)

    Here is the sample code to navigate to the desired URL:

    The complete code till now will look something like this:

    Step4. Now, we will try to locate the desired web element through its Link text. In Selenium, locating a particular web element involves inspection of its HTML codes.

    Follow the steps given below to locate the Text box on the sample web page.

    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text
    • It will launch a window containing all the specific codes involved in the development of the Link Text.
    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text
    • Pick the value of the Link Text i.e. "This is a link".
    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text

    The Java Syntax for locating a web element through its Link Text is written as:

    Therefore, for locating the Link Text on the sample web page we will use the value of its Link Text:

    Step5. To automate our third test scenario, we need to write the code which will click on the Link Text.

    Here is the sample code to click on the Link Text.

    Thus, our final test script will look something like this:

    The following screenshot shows the Eclipse window for our test script.

    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text

    Step6. Right click on the Eclipse code and select Run As > Java Application.

    Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Link Text

    Upon execution, the above test script will launch the Firefox browser and automate all the test scenarios.






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