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What is the full form of SP?


SP: Superintendent of Police

SP stands for Superintendent of Police. A person holding this designation is the head of police force of a non-metropolitan district in India. SP is the police officer of either State Police Services or Indian Police Service. In the Indian police force there are three designations that use the word 'Superintendent' such as Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP), Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) and Superintendent of Police (SP).

SP Full Form

All police employees from constable to an assistant superintendent of police perform their duties under SP who is responsible for maintaining the law and order in the district and for preventing terrorist or criminal activities.

How to become S.P?

The process of becoming the S.P starts with a bachelor's degree from a recognized college or university. After getting a bachelor degree, there are three options for a degree holder to become an SP officer that are listed below:

  1. The candidate can appear for the UPSC CSAT (civil services aptitude test) and pass this exam with a good rank. In the beginning, you will be posted as D.S.P or A.C.P and after gaining the required experience will be promoted to the level of S.P.
  2. The candidate may clear the state public service commission examination. He or she can become D.S.P after passing this exam and can become SP after having the required experience. However, the promoting may take more time in this case as compared to the first option.
  3. In this option, the candidate can start as a Sub Inspector in their state police department. They have to work hard and prevent crime with utmost dedication so that they may get promotions and become SP after proving their caliber and courage.

Functions of Superintendent of Police:

The work of SP is of a varied nature. Some of the duties or functions performed by an SP are listed below:

  • To maintain discipline in the police force and keep it under control and efficient and well-trained
  • To maintain good relationships with the magistracy and other officials
  • To maintain and improve police-public relations
  • To ensure that the force under his command working efficiently in the prevention, detection and investigation of crime
  • To ensure the integrity and honesty of junior police officers
  • To visit police stations randomly to check the attendance and alertness of the staff
  • He can post a subordinate police officer from one police station to another one.
  • He visits the crime spot and supervises investigation in cases like highway robbery, murder, riot, etc.

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