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What is the Full Form of STI

STI: Sexually Transmitted Infections

STI stands for Sexually Transmitted Infections. Most sexually transmitted illnesses and infections are communicated through sexual contact. The bacteria, viruses, or parasites that cause STIs can be transmitted from one individual to another by blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and other bodily fluids. STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are also usually referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). They were formerly termed venereal diseases (VD).

STI Full Form

These diseases can sometimes transfer non-sexually, like when women give birth to their children, when people get blood transfusions or use the same needles. Symptoms do not initially occur with STIs. STIs frequently do not exhibit symptoms at first, increasing the chance of infection transmission to critical stages. Such infections and diseases can also be spread from people who appear to be in perfect health but are already affected; however, they may not know that they are affected.

The majority of STIs can be treated and even cured among the most prevalent infections. Syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis can be treated; however, HIV/AIDS and genital herpes cannot be treated.

Types of STIs

STIs and STDs resulting from viruses typically include the followings:

  • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Hepatitis viruses
  • Herpes simplex virus

Bacteria that cause STDs include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea and
  • Syphilis

Parasites that cause STDs include:

  • Trichomoniasis

Signs or Symptoms

There are numerous signs and symptoms that an STI may exhibit. However, it is also possible that there is none at all. They might not be recognized until issues arise or involved partners are diagnosed because of their respective diseases.

There are several signs and symptoms of an STI, including:

  • A rash over the trunk, hands, or feet
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Fever
  • Unusual or odorous vaginal discharge
  • Sores (or bumps) on the genitals or in the oral (or rectal area)
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding

In most cases, symptoms usually do not initially occur immediately after becoming infected. However, after some days, symptoms and signs may start to show. Nevertheless, it might take months or years prior a person begins to show any observable symptoms, depending on the organisms that are causing the STI.


Many STIs can be stopped from spreading by using proper guidelines, such as using a condom, dental dam, or any other barrier methods of contraception. However, this won't stop the transfer of infections transmitted by skin-to-skin contact.

Some of the methods to lower the chance of STI transmission or acquisition include the followings:

  • Using a condom or dental dam can significantly lower the chance of coming into contact with an infectious lesion or infectious fluid.
  • Discussing safe sex methods and any previous diseases with any new partners, if any.
  • Making sure that testing is done on both partners before beginning a new sexual engagement.
  • Taking precautions while using alcohol or recreational drugs as it may raise the likelihood of unsafe sexual activities.
  • Having immunizations to protect against some diseases.

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