Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Strategic Management Definition


A business that doesn't have a powerful and effective management team is like a ship that doesn't have a steering; it floats aimlessly without any sense of purpose. Even with workers who are extremely committed to their jobs, the efforts of those workers will be useless if they are not given defined goals and objectives. In order for a business to be successful and rise above its rivals, it is crucial that the business establish clear and measurable goals, as well as create an actionable strategy to accomplish these goals. Here you'll learn how strategic management can completely revolutionize your business and take it to new heights.

Strategic Management Definition

What is Strategic Management?

Strategic management is an important component of business activities, and the way it is implemented can determine the success or failure of an organization. It involves planning, management, and the utilization of resources in order to establish and accomplish objectives in the most effective manner possible. It is essential for businesses to engage in the process of strategic management because doing so enables them to determine their respective strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. (SWOT analysis). By performing a SWOT analysis, companies can assess internal factors like corporate culture, money, and human resources while also taking into account external factors like rivalry and market trends.

The review process is a key part of strategic management. The effectiveness of a company's strategies should be evaluated on a consistent basis so that the company can consistently observe its progress toward accomplishing the goals it has set. By doing this, they can make the required changes to keep themselves on track to accomplishing their objectives and remaining relevant in the rapidly evolving business world.

Process of Strategic Management

Defining a Mission and Vision

A well-defined vision and mission provide the foundation for successful planning. Before making any preparations, a company needs to figure out what its short-term and long-term goals are. The business will lack precision in its processes and procedures if it does not first identify a set of objectives to work toward. The business can create a road map to profitability and ensure that all employees are working in the same direction by establishing a set of attainable goals and benchmarks.

Conducting an Investigation of the External and Internal Environment

The practice of strategic management demands a thorough analysis of the external as well as the internal environment of the organization. By analyzing these variables, a business can not only determine its own strengths and shortcomings but also obtain valuable insights into the possibilities and dangers that lay ahead. This data provides a firm basis for making informed decisions regarding how to position the organization for market success. A business can create strategies that utilize its strengths, reduce errors, profit on opportunities, and minimize possible dangers if it has a thorough grasp of its external and internal environments.

Formulating Strategies

The process of formulating strategies entails making decisions regarding the courses of action that an organization needs to take in order to accomplish its objectives and goals. This requires making decisions regarding the distribution and application of the available resources.

Implementing Strategy

The execution phase is often regarded as the most crucial because it is there that all team members will have a thorough grasp of how their actions affect the objectives and how the plan is put into action. Before beginning an operation, it is standard practice to assign all of the available resources and position any necessary contingencies at key points in the strategy.

Monitoring Strategy

Here, the company assesses the strategic management process's results, impacts, and performance, and makes any necessary adjustments. The company can go back to the plan to monitor its progress, ensure that it is in line with the objectives of the project, and make modifications and corrections as required in order to reinforce the overall strategy.

Tools of Strategic Management

SWOT Analysis

Companies conduct a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis as an internal analysis tool to evaluate internal and external positive and negative aspects. The "strengths" and "weaknesses" parts of a SWOT analysis focus on internal aspects of a company, while the "opportunities" and "threats" parts focus on external elements.

Before pursuing new business opportunities, it is common practice for executives of a company to conduct a SWOT analysis. The members of a company's team are better able to create an action plan for the company when they are aware of the company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. This helps ensure that the company will not be subjected to unfavorable circumstances in the future. It is important to keep in mind all four aspects of the SWOT analysis in the following kinds of situations, among others:

  • The preparations for launching a new product.
  • A product line's expansion or contraction.
  • The recruitment of additional individuals to the team.
  • Growth into previously untapped regions.

Operational Scorecard

An operational scorecard, sometimes referred to as a balanced scorecard (BSC), is a tool used by managers to keep tabs on how well their teams are doing and how far along they are in achieving their goals. This performance measurement method offers four distinct perspectives for measuring progress, including financial measures and measures of consumer satisfaction.

A manager or shareholder can use an operational scorecard system to monitor and handle multiple projects or initiatives at the same time to ensure that they are meeting the appropriate criteria or strategic objectives for optimum strategic performance.

PEST Analysis

The political, economic, sociocultural, and technological (PEST) analysis tool evaluates external factors that might have an impact on a company's performance. It may place an emphasis on the implementation of strategies and methods that take these aspects into account. The management team of a business may find that using the PEST analysis tool is helpful in better understanding their industry and adjusting to potential shifts in the market. The team may use this research to evaluate the prospective consequences of government policies, employment regulations, taxation laws, currency rates, and trends in customer behavior on the operations of a business. The administrators of the business can use this research to help them develop alternative plans more effectively to handle prospective changes in the market.

Pros and Cons of Strategic Management


  • When the external environment shifts, strategic management adjusts accordingly. The process of strategic planning entails making preparations for upcoming shifts in the operating environment. Additionally, it readies a business for the possibility of disturbances by predicting opportunities and dangers from outside influences and putting action plans into position.
  • One of the most important advantages of using strategic management is that it makes it possible to evaluate one's development. This is crucial because, in the absence of this capability, it may be difficult to determine whether or not a business is actually making significant progress toward the achievement of its objectives. However, when strategic management is in place, businesses have the ability to measure their success on a continuous basis through the utilization of performance measures such as the increase in revenue or evaluations of customer satisfaction.
  • Strategic management improves resource allocation by focusing more on an organization's resources where they will have the greatest impact.


  • Some objectives are extremely unlikely to be achieved with a minimal strategy. There is a proverb that goes, "Do not count your chickens before they are hatched," and we are all familiar with this saying. It's possible that a business will fail because its leaders have unrealistic goals and an inadequate strategy for achieving them. Even when they have a solid plan laid out, people aren't always able to put it into action in the right way, which makes it difficult for them to achieve the results they desire. They might feel discouraged as a result of this.
  • The process of strategic management requires a significant amount of time and effort from managers, including preparation, research, and communication. This time commitment may hinder day-to-day activities and have a detrimental effect on the company. For instance, managers might ignore everyday problems that require settlement, which may unintentionally lead to a drop in employee effectiveness as well as a reduction in short-term sales. It is possible for there to be a larger attrition rate of employees when problems are not addressed in a quick manner. This may require a business to reallocate vital resources, delaying the completion of strategic management projects.
  • Continuous evaluations of vital aspects are an essential part of strategic management. These aspects include the external and internal surroundings, short-term and long-term goals, organizational structure, and strategic control. Because of the interconnected nature of these components, a shift in any one of them may have ripple effects across the board.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA