# Sum Largest Number

Microsoft Excel is widely used for calculation, and various office uses. Excel provides various functions and methods to retrieve results using calculation. The functions and formulas may vary depending on the requirement. The requirements of the user may vary frequently. Calculating manually takes more time and is tough for difficult problems. To perform the calculation quickly and efficiently, formulas and functions are used. This tutorial explains briefly how to sum or return the largest number using an Excel formula.

### Syntax

```LARGE (array, k)
```

Using the formula, the user can retrieve the k-largest, second, and third-largest values based on the user's requirement.

### Parameters

Array - The array or range of data to be arranged based on a formula.

k- It determines the position which needs to be arranged based on the given order.

In the formula, if the array value is empty, the k value is greater than the given data set, or k <=0, it returns the result as an error.

### Examples

Example 1: How to find the nth largest number using the formula?

To find the nth largest number from the given set of data using the formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the worksheet, namely A1:A10.
2. Select a new cell, B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =LARGE (A1:A10, 1). Here 1 denotes the first largest number.
3. In the worksheet, the LARGE function displays the first largest number in the given data set. From the above worksheet, the value 80 is displayed in cell B1, the largest value in the data set from A1:A10.

Example 2: How to find the second largest number using the formula?

To find the second largest number from the given set of data using the formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the worksheet, namely A1:A10.
2. Select a new cell, B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =LARGE (A1:A10, 2). Here 2 denotes the second largest number.
3. In the worksheet, the LARGE function displays the second largest number in the given data set. From the above worksheet, the value 76 is displayed in cell B1, the second largest value in the data set from A1:A10. Using the formula, one can find the third and fourth largest numbers from the given dataset.

The first and second largest number is retrieved using the formula from the above two concepts. Similarly, how to sum the largest number using a formula?

To summarize the nth largest number, the function used is SUM and LARGE.

Example 3: How to sum the nth largest number using formula?

To sum the nth largest number using formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell, namely B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (LARGE (A1:A10, {1, 2, 3, 4})). Here 1, 2, 3, and 4 denote the first, second, third, and fourth largest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and LARGE function display the result, which is the sum of the first four largest numbers. From the above worksheet, the SUM and LARGE functions display the result as 293, which is the sum of (80, 76, 70, and 67).

Example 4: Sum the first three largest numbers from the given data

To sum the first three largest numbers using formulas, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell, namely B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (LARGE (A1:A10, {1, 2, 3})). Here 1, 2, and 3 denote the first, second, and third largest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and LARGE function display the result, which is the sum of the first three largest numbers. From the above worksheet, the SUM and LARGE functions display the result as 226, which is the sum of (80, 76, and 70).

Example 5: Sum the first two largest numbers from the given data

To sum the first two largest numbers using formulas, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell, namely B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (LARGE (A1:A10, {1, 2})). Here 1 and 2 denote the first, second, and largest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and LARGE function display the result, which is the sum of the first two largest numbers. From the worksheet, the SUM and LARGE functions display the result as 226, which is the sum of (80, 76).

From the above concepts, the sum of the largest number is calculated. Similarly, Excel provides the formula to find and sum the smallest number in the given data.

Syntax

```SMALL (array, k)
```

Using the formula, the user can retrieve the k-smallest, second, and third-largest values based on the user's requirement.

Example 6: How to find the nth smallest number using the formula?

To find the nth smallest number from the given set of data using the formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the worksheet, namely A1:A10.
2. Select a new cell, B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SMALL (A1:A10, 1). Here 1 denotes the first smallest number.
3. In the worksheet, the SMALL function displays the first smallest number in the given data set. The above worksheet will display the result as 18, the first smallest number from the given data.

Example 7: How to find the second smallest number using the formula?

To find the second smallest number from the given set of data using the formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the worksheet, namely A1:A10.
2. Select a new cell, B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SMALL (A1:A10, 2). Here 2 denotes the second smallest number.
3. In the worksheet, the SMALL function displays the second largest number in the given data set. The above worksheet displays the result as 45, the second smallest number in the given data.

Example 8: How to sum the nth smallest number using a formula?

To sum the nth smallest number using the formula, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell, namely B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (SMALL (A1:A10, {1, 2, 3, 4})). Here 1, 2, 3, and 4 denote the first, second, third, and fourth smallest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and SMALL functions display the result, which is the sum of the first four smallest numbers. From the above worksheet, the SUM and SMALL functions display the result as 175, which is the sum of (18, 45, 55, and 57).

Example 9: Sum the first three smallest numbers from the given data

To sum the first three smallest numbers using formulas, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell namely B1 where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (SMALL (A1:A10, {1, 2, 3})). Here 1, 2, and 3 denote the first, second, and third smallest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and SMALL functions display the result, which is the sum of the first three smallest numbers. From the above worksheet, the result is displayed as 118, the sum of (18, 45, 55), the first three smallest numbers.

Example 10: Sum the first two smallest numbers from the given data

To sum the first two smallest numbers using formulas, the steps to be followed are,

1. Enter the required data in the spreadsheet.
2. Select a new cell, namely B1, where the user wants to display the result and type the formula as =SUM (SMALL (A1:A10, {1, 2})). Here 1 and 2 denote the first, second, and smallest numbers.
3. In the worksheet, the SUM and SMALL functions display the result, which is the sum of the first two smallest numbers. From the above worksheet, the SMALL function returns the value of 63, which is the sum of the first two smallest numbers (18, 45).

## Summary

The above tutorial explains the various functions and methods to calculate the LARGE and SMALL.

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