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What is the full form of TBI


TBI: Traumatic Brain Injury

TBI stands for Traumatic Brain Injury. It is also known as intracranial injury. It is an injury or damage to the brain caused by an external mechanical force (blow or jolt), e.g. the head suddenly hits an object or an object hits the head and enters into the head or the brain tissue through the skull. There are many common reasons for TBI such as road accidents, falls, assaults and accidents at home or at work.

Fullform TBI

The brain injuries are not treated like other injuries. The consequences and symptoms of two brain injuries may be very different. The symptoms may appear right away or may take few days or weeks to appear as sometimes people don't realize that an injury has occurred. The symptoms of TBI can be mild, moderate or severe depending on the damage to the brain. People with mild or moderate TBI may experience the following symptoms:

  • Repeated headache and vomiting
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Slurred speech
  • Numbness in the arms and legs
  • Dilated eye pupils

The severity of the TBI is determined from the following factors:

  • Duration of the loss of consciousness
  • Duration of memory loss or disorientation
  • How responsive was the person following an injury

Based on the level of severity, TBI can be of two types: Mild and Severe

  • Mild: In this type of injury, the person is awake and experiences a brief disorientation or loss of consciousness.
  • Severe: In this injury, the person is unconscious and experiences an extended loss of consciousness, lasting more than 6 hours. E.g. a penetrating brain injury like a gunshot wound to the head is a severe TBI.

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