Top 10 Central Universities in India
Three types of publicly sponsored universities exist in India those are deemed, state, and central. The Union Human Resource Development Ministry under Higher Education Department operates the Central Universities of India, which were established by an act of Parliament on the endorsement of the Government of India. Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and Aligarh Muslim University are among the nearly 50 central institutions that the Government of India (GoI) currently directly sponsors. Except for the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and the Central Agricultural University which is controlled and financially supported by the U.G.C and Ministries of Human Resource Development and Agriculture.
In India, there are 54 central universities. New Delhi has the most central universities of any state or union territory, with seven universities, followed by Uttar Pradesh with six and Bihar with four. Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana add value with three universities to the national total of central universities.
The Central Universities Act of 2009 governs and regulates the central universities. Central universities are allowed to award their degrees, but they are not allowed to grant college affiliation. Moreover, according to the most recent U.G.C. list, India has 46 deemed central universities offering M.B.A., B Tech, M Tech, and Ph.D. programs.
CUCET is an all-India entrance test held once per year in 120 cities across India in offline mode (pen and paper) by 14 central universities for admission to U.G., P.G., and Ph.D. programs. Programs are available in all selected universities. This exam will be taken by a total of 20 universities, including 13 central universities and the Dr. B R Ambedkar School of Economics (BASE). The exam is being held at the Central University of Rajasthan. To apply for and take the CUCET, candidates must meet the eligibility requirements of the Central Universities.
Jawaharlal Nehru University
In 1966, a Parliamentary act created the Jawaharlal Nehru University. The Best University Award was given to it in 2017 by the President of India. The school is renowned for its master's programs, particularly in political science, and it was the first to provide an integrated five-year M.A. degree in foreign languages.
There are ten undergraduate, 34 graduate, and 73 Ph.D. courses available. The JNUEE is a nationwide entrance exam given by the NTA. students must be passed to be admitted. The institution boasts a distinguished faculty and focuses strongly on applied and liberal arts research.
Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University was founded in 1916 by widely recognized nationalist leader Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya with the help of notable figures such as Dr. Annie Besant, who founded it as the University of India. It was established under the parliamentary legislation known as the B.H.U. Act 1915. This prestigious Central University's main campus spans 1300 acres. A 2700-acre campus for a second university will soon be established at Barkachha in the Mirzapur district.
The University, consisting of three institutes, 14 faculties, 140 agencies, four interdisciplinary centers, and one constituent college for women, offers a diverse range of courses in the humanities, social sciences, technology, pharmacy, science, and visual and performing arts. Engineering students are admitted based on their JEE Advanced rankings, while those wishing to enroll in medical science programs must pass the NEET exam. It has various specialized Research Centres, ten Departments covered by the Special Assistance Program, and six Advanced Studies Centres. The University collaborates with four colleges in the city that offer degrees. The University has approximately 8000 non-teaching staff, 1700 teaching staff, and 15,000 students. Students come from all over the World to study here, including the United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.
The University of Hyderabad
In 1974, the University of Hyderabad was established as a core research university. It is primarily a residential campus, with over 5,000 students and 400 staff members representing various specialties. The University of Hyderabad gained the Institution of Eminence designation in September 2019, recognizing the University's position, aptitude, and potential to rank among the most critical institutions in the World.
They are obligated to rank among the 500 Best Universities in the World in the following years due to increased funding, autonomy, and support from the Government of India. The University's application was produced through a three-month consultation and deliberative process, including all the University's Schools and Departments. It was carefully reviewed and scrutinized for its administrative, academic, and economic ambitions.
Delhi University is a central public university in New Delhi, India. It was established in 1922. The University has expanded to become one of India's most prominent universities. Delhi university holds 132,435 regular students across the city with 16 faculties, 86 educational departments, 77 colleges, and five other credentialed institutes. The University of Delhi is a top university in the country with a long history and a reputation for having the highest academic standards, a variety of learning opportunities, eminent staff, illustrious alums, a wide range of extracurricular activities, and cutting-edge facilities. It was instituted in 1922 by an act of the Central Legislative Assembly as a solitary, teaching, and residential University.
The University provides 540 undergraduate programs through its affiliated schools, a wide range of graduate programs, including master's, M. Phil., and Ph.D. degrees, and diploma and certification programs. Entrance exams or merit determine admission to the elite colleges affiliated with D.U. The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers the entrance tests, and the institution publishes qualification cut-offs yearly for merit-based admission.
Jamia Millia Islamia
Jamia Millia Islamia (J.M.I.) is a central university in New Delhi. J.A. Mia offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degrees in the arts, sciences, business, hospitality, technology, management, architecture, and polytechnic. Except for the B.Tech program, all courses' admission is based on the University's entrance exam results. JEE results are used to confirm admission to the B.Tech program. The Times Higher Education's Emerging Economies College Rankings for 2021 placed Jamia Millia Islamia in the 195th position. The University is additionally positioned 751-800 in the Q.S. World Ranking 2022.
The University has been benchmarking its research and teaching procedures by enhancing its interaction with foreign educational institutions through Faculty and student exchange, cooperative research, conferences, and publications, as well as Faculty and student exchange. The University supports campus recruitment efforts and promotes innovation and entrepreneurship.
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh Muslim University (A.M.U.), was founded in 1920 and is in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. More than 300 courses are offered on the 467.6-hectare site. It has more than 28,000 students, 1,342 instructors, and 5,610 non-teaching staff members. Additionally, it draws students from West Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Combined with three academies, there are 12 faculties, 98 teaching departments, and 15 centers and institutions. With 80 hostels, there are 19 residence halls for students. The oldest building on campus is Sir Syed Hall.
Strachey Hall, Victoria Gate, Mushtaq Manzil, the Nizam Museum, Lytton Library, Asman Manzil, and Jama Masjid are among the historic structures. Willingdon Pavilion, a synthetic hockey rink, and Gulastan-e-Syed Park are all maintained on the site. The campus's other significant structures include the Siddons Debating Union Hall, Sir Syed House, Kennedy Auditorium, Musa Dakri Museum, Moinuddin Ahmad Art Gallery, Cultural Education Centre, and Maulana Azad Library. Bab-e-Syed is the name of the significant university entrance. A brand-new gate called Centenary Gate was constructed to commemorate the University's 100th anniversary in 2020.
Assam's Tezpur University
Assam's Tezpur University was founded in 1994 as a result of a Parliamentary Act. P. V. Narasimha Rao, India's former prime minister, presided at the University's launch. It is widely recognized for management, humanities, science, and technology courses. Additionally, it has a Centre for Open and Distance Education, which provides undergraduate, graduate, and diploma-level courses, certifications, diplomas, and other credentials. To award admission to numerous programs, including Integrated B.Sc. B.Ed., MA English, etc., the Tezpur University Entrance Exam (TUEE) is held.
Tezpur University was ranked 251-300 in Asia and 801-1000 overall in the 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings It was ranked 59th among Indian universities and 90th overall in the 2022 National Institutional Ranking Framework.
Tezpur University, along with Assam University and the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, is regarded as a result of the Assam Accord.
North-Eastern Hill University
North-Eastern Hill University was founded in 1973 in Shillong and had a campus in Tura. It is affiliated with 53 colleges that offer undergraduate programs. Some of the University's popular courses include M.Sc. Master of Tourism & Travel Management, B.A. LL.B. (Hons), and B.Arch.It was established in 1994 as a regional university for Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram in northeast India.
There are two campuses for NEHU: the main campus in Shillong, which is at Mawkynroh in Umshing, and the campus in Tura, located in Chandmari, Tura. The University Grants Commission assigned it as a University with High Prospects for Excellence (conferred in 2006) and the NAAC has awarded the University a 4-star rating. The University provides students with a selection of U.G., P.G., and research-based programs.
Mahatma Gandhi Central University
The Mahatma Gandhi Central University was founded by the Central Universities Amendment Act of 2014, a parliamentary act. The University was officially launched on February 3, 2016. The University provides U.G. and P.G. electives in 7 schools and 15 departments, including the School of Education, Humanities and Languages, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Computer Science and Information Sciences, Commerce and Management Sciences, and others.
MGCU is an excellent Higher Education Center in the Basic, Applied, and technical fields. There are 04 Undergraduate, 22 Postgraduate, and 20 Ph.D. Degree Programs are available through 07 Schools and 20 Teaching Departments. MGCU is continuously upgrading and improving its course content, academic programs, and mode of delivery to meet the rapidly changing global needs, as recommended by the National Education Policy (N.E.P.) 2020. This is one of the University's classifying features that has drawn enthusiastic students from all over the country to apply for admission.
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University
In 1944, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University was founded. It provides the type of education required for transforming our nation in the specialties of Humanities and Sciences, Engineering, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Business, Law, Education, and Environmental Sciences - through a wide range of highly regarded degree programs that allow students to explore their intellectual and personal growth.
Students from Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes are guaranteed 50% of all course seats at the University. Universities now withhold 10% of their seats for students from low-income families because of government directives. Students from Schedule Castes as well as Schedule Tribes are also exempt from paying tuition for regular university courses. The University also provides financial assistance for them to prepare for their studies and thesis.