Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

There are many different classes and divisions throughout Indian civilization. It is a result of the country's extensive caste. The ancient Vedas divided individuals according to varna, or occupation, where the caste system's roots may be found.

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

The caste system offers a structure of social responsibilities with unique qualities and, more crucially, stability throughout a person's lifespan. We refer here to the top 10 powerful castes in India.

1. Brahmins

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

Brahmins are known as the religious order in the Vedic and post-Vedic Indian subcontinent because they worked as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari) and spiritual guides (guru or acharya). The Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra are the other three varnas.

Brahmins traditionally served as priests in Hindu temples, during socially significant religious events, and in religious rituals of life rituals like solemnizing weddings with hymns and prayers. The Brahmins traditionally hold the four social classes' greatest level of ritual significance.

Brahmins Resides

Most Brahmins reside in Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh in north India, with lower amounts in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala in the south.

Surnames of Brahmins

The surnames of Brahmins are numerous, such as Sharma, Pandit, Hegde, Pandey, Bhat, or Bhatt. In Karnataka and Maharashtra, certain Brahmins would have the surname Kulkarni, Kamat and Kamat, Joshi, and Deshpande.

2. Rajput

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

Rajput is a multi-component collection of castes, kin organizations, and local areas who share a social position and philosophy of ancestry flowing from the Indian subcontinent.

The word "Rajput" refers to various dynastic groups historically connected with being warriors; several families proclaim their identity as Rajputs; however, not all of these claims are generally recognized.

According to contemporary researchers, nearly all Rajput families descended from grassland or agricultural groups. The Rajputs eventually became a social class of people from many racial and geographic backgrounds.

From the seventh century forward, several Rajput-ruled kingdoms considerably impacted the various areas of northern and central India.

Rajput Resides

Rajputs may be in India's northern, central, western, and eastern parts. The areas are among them, such as Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Eastern and Western Punjab, Jammu, Uttarakhand, and Madhya Pradesh.

Surnames of Rajput

The surnames of these people include Bhatti, Janjua, Panwar, Rathod, Chauhan, Pundir, Awan, Khokhar, Rana, Jarral, Paramara, and Khattar.

3. Bhumihar

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

Hindu Bhumihars, also known as Babhans. The Bhumihars identify as Brahmins and go by "Bhumihar Brahmin." They have also been referred to as "Bhuinhar" and "Babhan" in Bihar.

Up to the 20th century, the Bhumihars were a significant land-owning family in eastern India. They influenced several zamindari estates and tiny princely kingdoms in the area. During the 20th century, the Bhumihar people significantly impacted Bihar's politics and the Indian peasant movements.

Bhumihar Resides

Bhumihars are mostly located in Bihar (including the Mithila area), Uttar Pradesh's Purvanchal region, Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh's Bundelkhand region.

Surname of Bhumihar

Beginning in the 20th century, the Bhumihars of Bihar began referring to themselves as Pandits and utilizing the surname, Sharma. The Bhumihars also frequently employ the ancient Brahmin surnames Mishra, Pathak, Pande, Chaudhary, Dikshit, Tivan, and Upadhyaya. Bhumihars frequently add the surname Singh to their names, which is synonymous with Kshatriyas, particularly Rajputs.

4. Sikh

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

The unique faith of Sikhism (Sikhi), based on Guru Nanak's revelation and first appeared in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century, is worshipped by Sikhs. The name "Sikh" is derived from the Sanskrit word, which means "follower" or "student" in English.

Although not all Singhs are Sikhs, male Sikhs typically have the last name Singh, and female Sikhs typically have the last name Kaur (which means "princess")

The Gurus gave these distinctive last names to make Sikhs differentiate. Sikhs are frequently recognized on the front lines of providing humanitarian relief throughout the globe because they firmly believe in the concept of "Sarbat Da Bhala," or "Welfare of everyone."

Sikh Resides

Most Sikhs people dwell in Panjab. And Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Uttarakhand also Find this community.

Surname of Sikh

Narindra, Nayyar, Nijjar, and Pabley are Sikh surnames, but most Sikhs use Singh Surname.

5. Kurmi

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

India's Hindu caste is known as Kurmi. Kurmi translates as "I can" or "I am able." Kurmi is sometimes referred to as Kunbi. The Kurmi are thought to be descended from some of the early Aryan settlers in India and are Kshatriyas (warrior caste) who converted to farming. In India, the Kurmi is regarded as the dominant caste in agriculture.

Kurmi is related to karmi, derived from the word "karma" (action or merit). It was a huge change to identify caste according to karma rather than birth, caste, and heritage, represented by Brahmins and based on the Vedas (old Hindu writings).

Kurmi Resides

The Kurmis may be found all over India, from southern India to Bengal in the east. The Kurmi are the ancestors of the Barwar people in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Surname of Kurmi

Kurmis have a wide range of surnames, including Patel, Verma, Prasad, Gangwar, Katiyar, Chaudhary, Jaiswar, Mahto, Kumar, Prasad, Sinha, Kunbi, Chakradhar, Pradha, Patidar, Mohanti, Kanaujiya, Niranjan.

6. Ahir

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

The Ahir are a caste of cattle breeders, milkers, and cowherds who live throughout the Gangetic Plain, especially in its more eastern regions (Bihar, Bengal, and eastern Madhya Pradesh). The Ahir must have more than a million people now; in 1911, they were the sixth-largest caste in terms of population, with 750,000 living in the Central Provinces and Berar.

Several subgroups of Ahirs within different castes, including the Ahir Sunars, Lohars, Shimpis, Guraos, Salic, and Kolis. The tribe "Abhira," frequently described in inscriptions and Hindu sacred texts, derived the term "Ahir".

Khandeshi, a Gujarati dialect, is often referred to as Ahirani, as is the Malwi pronunciation of Rajasthani, also called Ahiri.

Ahir Resides

India belongs to them, although they are most numerous in the northern region. They have been found in the Khandesh region of Maharashtra.

Other Names of Ahir

In addition to Gauli and Ghosi or Gop in North India, there are many additional names for Ahirs in India. Ayar, Golla, and Konar are known in Gujarat and Southern India. The name "Dauwa" is used to identify some people in Uttar Pradesh's Bundelkhand area. There are more than 20 subcastes among the Ahirs.

7. Jat

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

The Jats are different people with a fixed home territory and a single language. Instead, they have maintained their identity while living separately among many ethnic groups worldwide.

This differentiation frequently depends on profession and ancestry. They are courageous, dedicated individuals with the capacity and desire for power.

Jat Resides

The Jats are mostly found in northwest India, such as Rajasthan, Punjab, Delhi, Hariyana, and southern Pakistan, in addition to sizable populations in the Maldives, Russia, and Ukraine.

Surname of Jat

Jats have a range of surnames: Dhillon, Chahal, Maan, Sandhu, Gill, Bhullar, Sidhu, Bajwa, Buttar, Cheema, Khangura, Aulakh, Dahiya, Grewal, Randhawa, Brar, and Virk.

8. Gujar

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

The Gujar, also known as the Gujar Rajasthani, is a conglomeration of three closely related ethnic groups. They are spread throughout northeastern India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. In addition, the historical Gujar people are remembered in the Gujarat area in western India.

The Hindu and Muslim Gujar are the two main castes within the Gujar region and are widely separated by geography and religion.

Gujar Resides

Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, the Punjab Plains, and Maharashtra are the Indian states where the Hindu Gurjars are most common. Muslim Gurjars are mostly located in Punjab, Pakistan, representing 20% of the population.

Surname of Gujar

Gujars have a range of surnames, such as Bania, Batt /Bhat, Chawla, Tanoli, Patel, Sood, Tanwar, and Tomar.

9. Meena

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

It is believed that the Meena caste is a combination of several other tribes. Meena became the final name of a fishing village known as Meenavar. Their native tongue recognizes the Meena, so they converse in the Meena language. They reside in Rajasthan's highlands, an arid state in western India.

A subdivision of the Bhils individuals is the Meena. They began to use the Brahmin form of devotion. Additionally, the name can be written as Meenanda or Mina. According to historians, they are a member of the Matsya tribe. In 1954, the Indian government granted them Scheduled Tribe status.

Meenas are divided into subcategories: the Takur, Chowkidar, Rajput, Bhil, Rawat, and Zamindar Meenas.

Meena resides

The Indian states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and the Union Territory of Delhi already have them.

Surname of Meena

To clear up the difficulty that the surnames "Mina" and "Meena" are identical in Rajasthan, a large number of the Meena community is indicated in Jaipur.

10. Reddy

Top 10 Powerful Castes in India

Originally from India, the Reddy caste is mostly found in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. They are within the advanced caste category. The Rashtrakutas are said to be the Reddy's ancestors. However, perspectives differ. They have historically been a diversified group of farmers and businessmen.

Reddy resides

Numerous Reddy families lived over large portions of the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Surname of Reddy

Reddy has some surnames Akkapalli, Ambati, Bhoomyreddy, Chandupatla, Devarapalli, Kannareddy, Kondaveeti, Nallavelli, and Thippireddy.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA