What is Termux?
Termux is an open-source and free terminal emulator for Android devices which permits running a Linux environment on any Android device. Many software can also be installed using the package manager of the application.
It is the first terminal application of Android to contain a range of software, unlike several terminal emulators available in the market, in which only limited or small utilities are available that are offered by Android.
Termux automatically installs the least base system and additional packages are present with a package manager. Almost all commands that are available in Linux are handy and Bash built-in commands as well. Also, there are many other shells present like tcsh and Zsh.
Overview of Termux
The packages of Termux are cross-compiled along with Android NDK and they have many patches of compatibility for getting them operating on Android. Rooting is not needed since every file is installed on the application directory.
Terminal-based editors like Vim and Emacs can be installed for editing and creating files using the terminal. Also, it is possible to run GUI applications with a VNC server in Termux and install any desktop environment (MATE, LXQt, Xfce) or window manager.
Termux User Interface
The user interface of Termux is simple and only shows the terminal output and extra keys row, handling sessions by swiping to the left side and manipulating a session of the Terminal by tapping, holding, and clicking more for bringing ten options. Also, it is possible to modify the font and color scheme using Termux:Styling.
Also, the extra keys row can be customized. Users can include more controls and function keys in the file, i.e., termux.properties. Termux has touch/mouse support which can be used for interacting with a few programs that could be used with the mouse like htop and other ncurses-based software, scrolling can also be implemented by swiping on the Terminal buffer.
Users can configure their Terminal in the termux.properties file. The configuration of Termux is read in that file rather than using the graphical settings that users will need to use any text editor.
Also, Termux contains six add-ons which are listed as follows:
Add-ons should be installed from a similar source because add-ons are signed with the same signature key for using the same User ID among these applications.
History of Termux
Initially, Termux was published in 2015. It already added a range of Linux software as its first launch. Support for many requesting features and packages was included from GitHub issues in the repository of the application. Also, people can contribute to this project by adding new packages and features.
The development team of Termux ended their support for devices executing Android 5-6 in January 2020 and Termux needed Android version 7 as a minimal operating system requirement.
Updates to the application from PlayStore are no longer accessible and as such with the policy modifications in the policies of Google Play. It is suggested for installing the application from alternative sources. Termux is managed by collaborators and the latest development were beyond the maintenance of Fornwall to the application as of 2021.
Installation of Termux
Termux extracts the archive of the bootstrap at the time of the installation process using the APK file, sets the accurate permissions for many executables, and sets up all directories such as the home directory.
Package distribution and management
In Termux, the packages are installed from the package manager of the application and by default apply the format, i.e., .deb. But basic Debian packages can't be installed because Termux is not compatible with FHS. Also, users can establish and submit packages.
Termux contains three repositories. Ones added in the default bootstrap installation of Termux include:
As of 2021, Termux contains 1000+ packages available. However, Termux is still comparatively small and a few packages cannot be ported because of the range of reasons which contain compilation if compared to several distribution packages.
Termux Google Play Updates
In Google Play Store, the 0.101 version of Termux is the last release to be updated. Google Play required applications for targeting API level 29 which breaks down the binary execution on the directory of the private application.
The development team of Termux recommends moving to F-Droid for continuing to receive updates.
Shutdown of Bintray
Bintray ended its services in May 2021 which has been the main hosting for Termux. Termux relocated to another hosting service and installing/updating packages causes 404/403 errors in previous Termux versions.
Features of Termux