Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Difference between VPN and Proxy Server

The primary goal of VPN and Proxy is to offer a link between the host system and the distant system by concealing the host computer's IP address to protect it from intruders. The main distinction between a VPN and a Proxy server is that a Proxy server enables you to conceal the IP address and make your network id anonymous by masking your IP address. It includes capabilities such as network connection sharing, network data filtering, firewall, and data caching. In contrast, a VPN server has an advantage over a proxy since it creates a tunnel between the system and hosts over the public internet. A tunnel is constructed when any encryption protocol encapsulates packets.

In this article, you will learn about the difference between the VPN and Proxy server. But before discussing the differences, you must know about the VPN and Proxy servers with their advantages and disadvantages.

What is VPN?

VPN is an abbreviation for "Virtual Private Network". It establishes a secure 'tunnel' between computer systems and the host server. It is a private network that links remote locations or users through a public network. The VPN network routes "virtual" connections from the third-party VPN provider to the remote site by using the internet.

The ISP or government agency will only see that you have linked to the VPN and will not be able to track your actions or IP addresses. All data may be fully hidden with the aid of 128-bit encryption.

How does a VPN work?

The VPN client utilizes data encryption technology when interacting with the VPN. It allows you to access the website or data that you want to access. The VPN client conceals your data from your network and ISP, while the VPN software conceals your identity from the web app or webpage you are using.

Difference between VPN and Proxy Server

It improves your security when utilizing any public WiFi network. VPN services are extensively utilized to secure data when doing online shopping, banking, or sending formal emails over an open network. It also prevents your ISP or hackers from monitoring your traffic and web activities.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the VPN server

There are various advantages and disadvantages of a VPN server. Some main advantages and disadvantages of VPN are as follows:


  1. End-to-end encryption is utilized by a VPN program to protect your data.
  2. Your IP address is hidden by VPN software, which also gives you a new one.
  3. ISPs and governments cannot spy on users' online activities.
  4. It prevents hackers from thieving your personal information as VPN servers are encrypted.
  5. It offers unrestricted access to a variety of streaming services and content.
  6. If you have a VPN setup on your computer system. All Internet usage on your device will thereafter continue to be safe and anonymous.


  1. VPN servers are not free of cost. An excellent service provider will be paid.
  2. It may be a little slow during peak hours.
  3. It may cause your Internet connection to slow down.
  4. VPN services are more expensive than proxies.
  5. If the VPN service retains logs, the authorities may be able to get them.
  6. When multiple users utilize the same proxy server, the Internet performance suffers.

What is Proxy Server?

A proxy server is a computer system that acts as a bridge between the system and the internet. Any communication sent via a proxy server seems to originate from its IP address rather than from the computer system. Your browser connects with the proxy, which connects the browser to the internet. Proxy servers connect to the internet via one of two protocols: SOCKS or HTTP protocols.

Proxy servers serve as a link between the website and the computer system. Your web traffic is routed via a middleman, which is a remote system that assists you in connecting to the host server.

How does the Proxy server work?

Difference between VPN and Proxy Server

You may utilize a proxy server to access geographically restricted webpages and sites with the help of the internet. The proxy server connection is not encrypted. Moreover, it serves as a bridge between the system and the main server. As a result, an HTTP server offers you privacy and hides your identity from the site, but it never secures any important information.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Proxy server

There are various advantages and disadvantages of the proxy server. Some main advantages and disadvantages of a proxy server are as follows:


  1. It conceals the IP address, enabling you to stay anonymous.
  2. A proxy server protects you from malicious sites by limiting your access.
  3. It may be faster because it doesn't encrypt your data.
  4. It enables you to gain access to geo-restricted websites or web services.
  5. Proxy servers are typically free. Thus there is no need to pay to utilize a proxy server.


  1. It never encrypts traffic or data, which puts you at risk.
  2. It is not private because the server owner may view your web traffic.
  3. When numerous persons share the proxy server, connection speeds may be slowed down.
  4. Proxies are only configured for specific browsers or programs, not the whole network.

Key Differences between VPN and Proxy servers

Difference between VPN and Proxy Server

There are various key differences between VPN and Proxy servers. Some of the key differences between VPN and Proxy servers are as follows:

  1. VPN server offers authentication, encryption, and integrity protection to the web traffic. In contrast, the proxy does not give much protection over the connection.
  2. VPN conceals your IP address. In contrast, the proxy server hides IP addresses, but the proxy owner can still view them.
  3. VPN builds a tunnel between two systems' firewalls. In contrast, a proxy does not create any type of tunnel.
  4. The proxy utilizes various protocols like TELNET, FTP, HTTP, and SMTP. In contrast, the VPN utilizes various protocols such as PTTP, L2TP, IPsec, and others.
  5. VPN has a stringent encryption policy. In contrast, the proxy server has a medium level of encryption.
  6. VPNs are typically designed for a single user for personal use. In contrast, the proxy server is ideal for large-scale data collection for corporate purposes.
  7. VPN server offers high speed. In contrast, the proxy is dependent on its server.
  8. VPN ensures a continuous and stable connection. In contrast, the proxy connection is quite unstable.
  9. VPN functions at the OS level. In contrast, the proxy servers function at the application level.
  10. VPN servers are simple to use. In contrast, proxy servers necessitate some knowledge.

Head-to-head comparison between VPN and Proxy servers

Here, you will learn the head-to-head comparisons between VPN and Proxy servers. The main differences between VPN and Proxy Servers are as follows:

Features VPN Proxy Servers
Protection It offers encryption, authentication, and integrity protection to web traffic. It does not give much protection over the connection.
Tunnel Creation It makes a secure connection between the end users. It does not create any type of secure connection.
Speed It offers very high speed. Its speed relies on its servers.
Integration VPN servers are mainly designed for personal usage. As a result, installation and use are as simple as a few mouse clicks. The integration process is difficult because it is designed with business in mind.
IP address It completely hides the IP Address. It hides IP Address, but the proxy owner can still view it.
Price VPN servers are payable. It provides the features free of cost.
Security It provides high security than proxy servers. It doesn't provide any type of security.
Connection It offers a stable and seamless connection. Its connection is highly unstable.
Working It works on a firewall. It works on browsers.
Protocols It utilizes various protocols like L2TP, PTTP, IPsec, etc. It utilizes various protocols like TELNET, SMTP, HTTP, and FTP.
Encryption policy It has a strict encryption policy. It has a medium-level encryption policy.
Working Model It works at the OS level. It works on the application level.
Ease of Use It is very simple to use. It needs some expertise to use.


While proxy and VPN servers may appear to be the same, they are not the same thing. VPNs offer higher security as they encrypt traffic. A VPN is the best choice for organizations that deal with sensitive data and require maintaining their internet activity anonymous.

A proxy server may be helpful for companies that wish their employees to browse the internet anonymously. It also permits them to see which websites their employees are visiting and ensures that they have access to websites ordinarily blocked in their jurisdiction.

Next TopicDifference between

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA