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Vue.js Routing

Vue.js does not have a built-in router feature, but you can easily create a single page application that supports routing using the recommended and officially-supported vue-router library.

There are some steps that you have to follow to install the router in Vue.js. You can use router by direct download it from CDN or using NPM or using Github.

Download from CDM directly

You can directly download the latest version of vue-router from CDN. It is available at https://unpkg.com/vue-router/dist/vue-router.js.

The unpkg.com contains the npm-based cdn links and always updated to the recent version. After downloading the unpkg.com file, host it to server, and use it with a script tag along with Vue.js as follows.

If you want to use it without downloading, you can use it as follows:

Install router using NPM

Open the Node.js command prompt and run the following command to install the vue-router.


Vue.js Routing

Install router using GitHub

Run the following commands to clone the router repository from GitHub:

Let's take a simple example to understand the concept of routing in Vue.js:

Example

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

Let's use a simple CSS file to make the output more attractive.

Index.css file:

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

Click on the router link 2, and you will see that it is redirected to the following result.

Vue.js Routing

Example Explanation

In the above example, you can see that we have added the vue-router.js file as follows:

In the following code, we have created two router links. We have defined these router links in the body section as follows:

Here, <router-link> is a component used to navigate to the HTML content and display it to the user. The to property specifies the destination. For example, the file where the link is displayed which you have to click.

The router is initialized in the script section where there are two constants created as follows:

In the above code, we have specifies the templates that would be shown when you click on the router link.

Next is the routes const where we have defined the path which have to be displayed in the URL.

Routes are used to define the path and the component. The path will be displayed in the output when the user clicks on the router link.

The component takes the names of the templates to be displayed. The path from the routes needs to match with the router link to the property.

For example,

Now, we have created the VueRouter instance using the following code:

The VueRouter constructor takes the routes as the param. We have used the following code to assign the router object to the main Vue instance.

After executing the above example, you will see the output in the browser. If you can inspect and check the router link, we will find that it adds class to the active element. The class added is class = "router-link-exact-active router-link-active".

Pass Props to Router Link

Let's see how to pass properties to Router Link. In the above example, we have passed a property "to" to the router link as follows:

This property can be passed in many other ways to the router link.

The to prop

It is used to specify the destination path given to the <router-link>. When you click on the link, it will pass the value to router.push() internally. The value needs to be a string or a location object. There are three ways to pass the value using the "to" property.

Example 1:

Example 2:

Example 3:

We have used the example 1 method in the above examples. Let's see the second and third method in the following example.

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

Now, click on the router link 3, and you will see the set name as a query string in the url. See the output:

Vue.js Routing

The replace prop

The replace property is used to replace the router link and call the router.replace() instead of router.push(). If yu use replace prop, the navigation history is not stored.

Index.html file:

Index.js file will be same.

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

You can see that when you click on the "This link is Replaced" link, the name is changed in the url.

The append prop

The append tag is used to add with the <router-link><router-link> link to make the path relative.

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

Let's use a simple CSS file to make the output more attractive.

Index.css file:

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

The append prop

The append tag is used to add with the <router-link > to make the path relative. Let's take an example.

Example:

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

Let's use a simple CSS file to make the output more attractive.

Index.css file:

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

The tag prop

The <router-link> is rendered as a tag. The tag prop is used when you want to render it as some other tag. For example, if you want to render <router-link> as "span", you should specify it as tag = "span". Let's take a simple example.

Example:

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

The index.js file would be same as we used in previous examples.

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

In the above example, you can see that the tag displayed now is a span tag. They are not seen as a clickable link but you can click them. Now, click on the router link 3 and see the result.

Vue.js Routing

The active-class prop

The active-class property is added to <router-link> when you want to make it active. It is used to show that the router link is active. It is added as active-class = "_active".

The following code specifies how to use it in an example.

Syntax:

It will make the "Click on Router Link 2" path active while "Click on Router Link 3" will be same.

The exact-active-class prop

The exact-active-class configures the active CSS class applied when the link is active with an exact match. The default exact active class is applied as router-link-exact-active.

The following code specifies how to use it in an example.

Syntax:

The event prop

In the previous example you have seen that the by default event for router-link is click event. When you clicked on the link, the router links were shown. You can change this by using the event property. See the following example:

Example:

Index.html file:

Index.js file:

The Index.js file will be same as above example.

After the execution of the program, you will see the following output:

Output:

Vue.js Routing

When you hover your mouse cursor on the first link, you will see the following result.

Vue.js Routing
Next TopicVue.js Mixins




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