What is Water Pollution?
Water pollution is weakening a freshwater body like a lake, river, ocean, or groundwater due to toxic combined elements mostly introduced by human activities. Water quality is lowered when toxic chemicals are mixed with it. Since human is causing pollution in many ways, some actions are mainly polluting the land surface, water body surface' and the surfaces underwater bodies. Our everyday actions are causing the natural supply chain of pure water to some extent, posing a serious threat to all living beings, including humans.
Causes of Water Pollution
Only 25% of the world's water resources are freshwater. More than 6 billion pounds of junk and 70% of industrial waste are thrown into the oceans, contaminating the environment greatly. In recent days, a warning was published in newspapers stating that beaches will have more plastic bottles than fish in the near future. With the information provided, there will be a direct impact on flora and fauna.
As we said, the main contributors to water pollution are industrial waste dumped into bodies of water. Due to such heavy pollutants, the water body characteristics experience critical changes. For example - increase in temperature, decrease in oxygen levels, and deforestation. Apart from this, there are many reasons for polluting groundwater. Some examples include leaking underground storage tanks, dumps, chemicals, abandoned wells and sewage systems.
The downstream agriculture and fisheries are affected by the dam of the river. Due to more evaporation, eutrophication is high in dams, especially over large areas. The use of pesticides in agriculture helps the soil, increasing the level of nutrients. However, it also causes pollution to the groundwater to some extent.
Some of the primary causes of water pollution at present are as follows:
In a few previous years, infections linked to water pollution have killed nearly 15 million children under the age of five and afflicted 2.5 billion people globally.
Effects of Water Pollution
Humans, animals, and aquatic life are all seriously harmed by water pollution. Depending on the type of chemicals present in the Pollutants and their amounts, the effects on people, animals, and aquatic life may be disastrous. Urban trash is channelled to adjacent water through various resources, including garbage dumps from illegal manufacturing sites, health care facilities, hospitals, schools, and market areas.
Loss of Aquatic Fauna is also happening because of water pollution. Crabs, birds, Seagulls, Dolphins and many other animals are vanishing due to Water pollution. If people or other animals ingest fish containing pollutants like lead and cadmium, it will seriously affect their health. This way, the water pollution will not affect only the creatures within the water but also the other living beings, including humans. As a result, the water will cause a major catastrophe, pose a serious threat to the food chain, and result in the extinction of many species around the globe, particularly in aquatic habitats.
The lack of fishing and recreational activity, caused by water contamination, usually cost the U.S. tourism industry around $1 billion annually.
How to control Water Pollution?
Facts related to Water pollution
In almost a dozen Facts for Water Pollution, pollutants from energy production, sewage, industry, and other activities are included. Some well-known facts related to water pollution are as follows:
Let's encourage additional initiatives to save our limited water resources as much as possible. It is our responsibility not to squander or pollute rivers; show the utmost respect for water and life. Everyone must pay attention to water services and take the initiative to address any water-related societal issues. Let's save our water and the earth by conserving water. People should use water resources carefully and safely for a healthy and prosperous future on earth.