Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

What are Stand-Alone Procedures


Stand-alone procedures are an integral component of DBMS that entails independent protocols for managing digital databases. These are prepared compiled programs of SQL statements and procedural logic that are stored to be executed in the server of the database. They can be performed by an application, a user or any trigger, and they are separate from any code written in any programming language making them useful tools in database administration.

What are Stand-Alone Procedures

Definition and Importance

Often, when business processes are implemented within a database, stand-alone procedures are particularly important for completing tasks and other operations such as enforcing specific policies and verifying the consistency of data stored in the database. They help in performing the database functions in a more efficient manner and in managing the database by providing for recurrent and otherwise elaborate work to be prescribed in procedures.

Overview of Usage in Database Systems

Standalone procedures exist in a DBMS for data tests, business rules, batch processes and as event control for specific occurrences. Since they able to process data within the client-server platform, it can minimizes the time constrain required to transmit data between client and server, thus improving performance.

Types of Stand-Alone Procedures

There are several types of stand-alone procedures which act differently although they serve the purpose of managing the database system.

Stored Procedures

Stored procedures are a program, which contains sets of Transact-SQL statements or optional procedural constructs and is precompiled. They are saved into the database and can be used by their name, additionally passing necessary arguments. Using stored procedures can provide the ability to perform more complex operations such as validating data or performing calculations; this may include: Conditional statements, looping mechanisms and error check.


Functions can be equated to stored procedures because they are procedures written for a database, but the difference is that only one value or a table can be returned from them. They are mostly employed for expressions, conversions, and data-conditioning techniques that have to be inserted directly within SQL statements, as well as stores of logic that are reusable.


Triggers are a form of stored procedures that run to change activities on a table or a view, for example, when an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operation has occurred. They are useful for ensuring Data Validity and business rules by Constrained Checking With Automation.

Advantages of Using Stand-Alone Procedures

In the following points the reader will understand a number of advantages that come with the use of stand-alone procedures that help in increasing the efficiency and maintenance of databases.

Performance Improvement

Importantly, because stand-alone procedures encompass and perform on and in the database server intricate processing logic, fewer bytes are transmitted back and forth between the server and the client, thus mitigating network delay and enhancing throughput. It also aids in execution by recompiling the procedures first analyzing and then optimizing the SQL statements.

Code Reusability

Stand-alone procedures involve the preparation of logic that can be utilized in other applications and Modules. This helps in increasing code reuse, reducing code redundancy, and easing the process of managing a code since changes can be made only once.

Security and Integrity

The idea is that procedures can secure the data by limiting the access to information that the procedure uses. Because various End User tools allow things to happen based on permissions set on procedures more than granting permissions to tables, it becomes easy for the administrator to control how users will use this data. Triggers involve achieving a high level of data integrity since the implementation of rules is guaranteed as soon as changes to the data are made.

Creating Stand-Alone Procedures

Developing autonomous stored routines entails determining its architecture, implementing the procedural code, and invoking the procedure within the database.


The online database management systems may use a different syntax to create a stored procedure, which typically begins with the words CREATE PROCEDURE and is accomplished with the procedure identifier, procedure parameters, and the actual procedure code.

Best Practices for Writing Procedures

Modularity: Decompose complicated logic into component parts and factor these into generic subroutines.

Error Handling: It should also have error control structure to handle any exceptions in an application and make it more reliable.

Documentation: It is important for the reader to be able to understand the intended use and operation of the procedure by commenting the code.


Stand-alone procedures are one of the most influential mechanisms in the DBMS area that has numerous benefits compared to the processes of other types regarding the aspects of efficiency, time, and protocols. In this manner, professionals overseeing the standards of databases can effectively optimize alone-standing procedures, as well as identify and anticipate new forms of creating, implementing, and managing them, thereby improving database performance and data managements.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA