What is Apache Pig
Apache Pig is a high-level data flow platform for executing MapReduce programs of Hadoop. The language used for Pig is Pig Latin.
The Pig scripts get internally converted to Map Reduce jobs and get executed on data stored in HDFS. Apart from that, Pig can also execute its job in Apache Tez or Apache Spark.
Pig can handle any type of data, i.e., structured, semi-structured or unstructured and stores the corresponding results into Hadoop Data File System. Every task which can be achieved using PIG can also be achieved using java used in MapReduce.
Features of Apache Pig
Let's see the various uses of Pig technology.
1) Ease of programming
Writing complex java programs for map reduce is quite tough for non-programmers. Pig makes this process easy. In the Pig, the queries are converted to MapReduce internally.
2) Optimization opportunities
It is how tasks are encoded permits the system to optimize their execution automatically, allowing the user to focus on semantics rather than efficiency.
A user-defined function is written in which the user can write their logic to execute over the data set.
It can easily handle structured as well as unstructured data.
5) In-built operators
It contains various type of operators such as sort, filter and joins.
Differences between Apache MapReduce and PIG
Advantages of Apache Pig