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Internationalization and Localization in Java

Internationalization is also abbreviated as I18N because there are total 18 characters between the first letter 'I' and the last letter 'N'.

Internationalization is a mechanism to create such an application that can be adapted to different languages and regions.

Internationalization is one of the powerful concept of java if you are developing an application and want to display messages, currencies, date, time etc. according to the specific region or language.

Localization is also abbreviated as I10N because there are total 10 characters between the first letter 'L' and last letter 'N'. Localization is the mechanism to create such an application that can be adapted to a specific language and region by adding locale-specific text and component.



Do You Know ?
  • What is the use of Locale class ?
  • How can we globalize the messages (or) What is the use of ResourceBundle class?
  • How can we internationalize the date, time, number, currency and measurements?

Understanding the culturally dependent data before starting internationalization

Before starting the internationalization, Let's first understand what are the informations that differ from one region to another. There is the list of culturally dependent data:

  • Messages
  • Dates
  • Times
  • Numbers
  • Currencies
  • Measurements
  • Phone Numbers
  • Postal Addresses
  • Labels on GUI components etc.

Importance of Locale class in Internationalization

An object of Locale class represents a geographical or cultural region. This object can be used to get the locale specific information such as country name, language, variant etc.

Fields of Locale class

There are fields of Locale class:

  1. public static final Locale ENGLISH
  2. public static final Locale FRENCH
  3. public static final Locale GERMAN
  4. public static final Locale ITALIAN
  5. public static final Locale JAPANESE
  6. public static final Locale KOREAN
  7. public static final Locale CHINESE
  8. public static final Locale SIMPLIFIED_CHINESE
  9. public static final Locale TRADITIONAL_CHINESE
  10. public static final Locale FRANCE
  11. public static final Locale GERMANY
  12. public static final Locale ITALY
  13. public static final Locale JAPAN
  14. public static final Locale KOREA
  15. public static final Locale CHINA
  16. public static final Locale PRC
  17. public static final Locale TAIWAN
  18. public static final Locale UK
  19. public static final Locale US
  20. public static final Locale CANADA
  21. public static final Locale CANADA_FRENCH
  22. public static final Locale ROOT

Constructors of Locale class

There are three constructors of Locale class.They are as follows:

  1. Locale(String language)
  2. Locale(String language, String country)
  3. Locale(String language, String country, String variant)

Commonly used methods of Locale class

There are given commonly used methods of Locale class.

  1. public static Locale getDefault() it returns the instance of current Locale
  2. public static Locale[] getAvailableLocales() it returns an array of available locales.
  3. public String getDisplayCountry() it returns the country name of this locale object.
  4. public String getDisplayLanguage() it returns the language name of this locale object.
  5. public String getDisplayVariant() it returns the variant code for this locale object.
  6. public String getISO3Country() it returns the three letter abbreviation for the current locale's country.
  7. public String getISO3Language() it returns the three letter abbreviation for the current locale's language.

Example of Local class that prints the informations of the default locale

In this example, we are displaying the informations of the default locale. If you want to get the informations about any specific locale, comment the first line statement and uncomment the second line statement in the main method.

Output:United States
       English
       English (United States)
       USA
       eng
       en
       US

Example of Local class that prints english in different languages

In this example, we are displaying english language in different language. Let's see how english is written in french and spanish languages.


Example of Local class that print display language of many locales

In this example, we are displaying the display lanuage of many locales.
Output:en_US: English
       es_ES: espa?ol
       it_IT: italiano


What we will learn in Internationalization Tutorial ?







Latest 4 Tutorials on JavaTpoint