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Learn JavaScript Tutorial

JavaScript Tutorial

Our JavaScript Tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals both. JavaScript is used to create client-side dynamic pages.

JavaScript is an object-based scripting language which is lightweight and cross-platform.

JavaScript is not a compiled language, but it is a translated language. The JavaScript Translator (embedded in the browser) is responsible for translating the JavaScript code for the web browser.

What is JavaScript

JavaScript (js) is a light-weight object-oriented programming language which is used by several websites for scripting the webpages. It is an interpreted, full-fledged programming language that enables dynamic interactivity on websites when applied to an HTML document. It was introduced in the year 1995 for adding programs to the webpages in the Netscape Navigator browser. Since then, it has been adopted by all other graphical web browsers. With JavaScript, users can build modern web applications to interact directly without reloading the page every time. The traditional website uses js to provide several forms of interactivity and simplicity.

Although, JavaScript has no connectivity with Java programming language. The name was suggested and provided in the times when Java was gaining popularity in the market. In addition to web browsers, databases such as CouchDB and MongoDB uses JavaScript as their scripting and query language.

Features of JavaScript

There are following features of JavaScript:

  1. All popular web browsers support JavaScript as they provide built-in execution environments.
  2. JavaScript follows the syntax and structure of the C programming language. Thus, it is a structured programming language.
  3. JavaScript is a weakly typed language, where certain types are implicitly cast (depending on the operation).
  4. JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language that uses prototypes rather than using classes for inheritance.
  5. It is a light-weighted and interpreted language.
  6. It is a case-sensitive language.
  7. JavaScript is supportable in several operating systems including, Windows, macOS, etc.
  8. It provides good control to the users over the web browsers.

History of JavaScript

In 1993, Mosaic, the first popular web browser, came into existence. In the year 1994, Netscape was founded by Marc Andreessen. He realized that the web needed to become more dynamic. Thus, a 'glue language' was believed to be provided to HTML to make web designing easy for designers and part-time programmers. Consequently, in 1995, the company recruited Brendan Eich intending to implement and embed Scheme programming language to the browser. But, before Brendan could start, the company merged with Sun Microsystems for adding Java into its Navigator so that it could compete with Microsoft over the web technologies and platforms. Now, two languages were there: Java and the scripting language. Further, Netscape decided to give a similar name to the scripting language as Java's. It led to 'Javascript'. Finally, in May 1995, Marc Andreessen coined the first code of Javascript named 'Mocha'. Later, the marketing team replaced the name with 'LiveScript'. But, due to trademark reasons and certain other reasons, in December 1995, the language was finally renamed to 'JavaScript'. From then, JavaScript came into existence.

Application of JavaScript

JavaScript is used to create interactive websites. It is mainly used for:

  • Client-side validation,
  • Dynamic drop-down menus,
  • Displaying date and time,
  • Displaying pop-up windows and dialog boxes (like an alert dialog box, confirm dialog box and prompt dialog box),
  • Displaying clocks etc.

JavaScript Example

Test it Now

A detailed explanation of first JavaScript example is given in next chapter.


JavaScript Index


JavaScript Tutorial

JavaScript Basics

JavaScript Objects

JavaScript BOM

JavaScript DOM

JavaScript Validation

JavaScript OOPs

JavaScript Cookies

JavaScript Events

JavaScript Misc

JavaScript Advance

Interview Questions

JavaScript Methods

JavaScript Array Object

JavaScript DataView Object

JavaScript Function Object

JavaScript Date Object

JavaScript handler Object

JavaScript JSON Object

JavaScript Map Object

JavaScript Math Object

JavaScript Number Object

JavaScript RegExp Object

JavaScript Object

JavaScript Reflect Object

JavaScript Set Object

JavaScript String Object

JavaScript Symbol Object

Symbol Property

JavaScript TypedArray Object

JavaScript WeakMap Object

JavaScript WeakSet Object


Prerequisite

Before learning JavaScript in depth, you must have the basic knowledge of HTML.

Audience

We have developed this JavaScript tutorial for beginners and professionals both. There are given a lot of examples with JavaScript editor. So, you can easily edit your JavaScript code which will help you to learn JavaScript easily.

Problem

We assure you that you will not find any problem in our JavaScript tutorial. But, if you find any mistake, you can post it in our comment section.


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