Document Object Model
The document object represents the whole html document.
When html document is loaded in the browser, it becomes a document object. It is the root element that represents the html document. It has properties and methods. By the help of document object, we can add dynamic content to our web page.
As mentioned earlier, it is the object of window. So
Is same as
According to W3C - "The W3C Document Object Model (DOM) is a platform and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure, and style of a document."
Properties of document object
Let's see the properties of document object that can be accessed and modified by the document object.
Methods of document object
We can access and change the contents of document by its methods.
The important methods of document object are as follows:
Accessing field value by document object
In this example, we are going to get the value of input text by user. Here, we are using document.form1.name.value to get the value of name field.
Here, document is the root element that represents the html document.
form1 is the name of the form.
name is the attribute name of the input text.
value is the property, that returns the value of the input text.
Let's see the simple example of document object that prints name with welcome message.
Output of the above example