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JavaScript Variable

A JavaScript variable is simply a name of storage location. There are two types of variables in JavaScript : local variable and global variable.

There are some rules while declaring a JavaScript variable (also known as identifiers).

  1. Name must start with a letter (a to z or A to Z), underscore( _ ), or dollar( $ ) sign.
  2. After first letter we can use digits (0 to 9), for example value1.
  3. JavaScript variables are case sensitive, for example x and X are different variables.

Correct JavaScript variables


Incorrect JavaScript variables


Example of JavaScript variable

Let’s see a simple example of JavaScript variable.

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Output of the above example


JavaScript local variable

A JavaScript local variable is declared inside block or function. It is accessible within the function or block only. For example:

Or,


JavaScript global variable

A JavaScript global variable is accessible from any function. A variable i.e. declared outside the function or declared with window object is known as global variable. For example:

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To know more about global variable (e.g. how global variable is executed by JavaScript execution engine), visit next page.





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