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How to add object in array using JavaScript?

JavaScript offers three in-built functions to add or insert objects in an array. These methods are -

  • push()
  • splice()
  • unshift()

You can use any of these methods to add the objects to the array. Objects are the elements or values in the array. We will discuss each method in detail.

Method 1: push()

The push() function is a built-in array method of JavaScript. It is used to add the objects or elements in the array. This method adds the elements at the end of the array.

"Note that any number of elements can be added using the push() method in an array."

Syntax

An objects is passed as a parameter in array.push() function as shown in below syntax -

Here, array is a user-defined name of the array, e.g., car, fruits, movie, etc.

Return values

The push() function returns the new length of the array after adding the new elements.

Example 1

This is a simple example of push() method, where we will initialize an array having three elements (movie names) in it. Then we will add two more objects to the array by passing the object name in movieList.push() method.

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Output

In the below response, you can see that push() method returned 5 as the number of elements after adding to the movieList array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Example 2

This is another example of the push() function in which we used an HTML button to call the function to insert the new elements in the array.

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Output: Before clicking the button

By executing the above code, the response will be the same as given below. We have also created a Push Element button to add the new element to the array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Output: After clicking the button

We have provided three more series names in the JavaScript code to add in that array. So, when you click on this Push Elements button, these elements will be added to the array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

In both the above examples, you have noticed that the elements are inserted at the end of the array.

Example 3: Take input from user

In this example, we will take the input from the user through HTML form to insert the element using the push() method.

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Output: Before entering new input

By executing the above code, you will initially get the output having three movie names. There is an input field to take input from the user and an Add Element button to submit the input value.

See the output below:

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Output: After entering a new value

We have provided Titanic as a new element value and clicked on the Add Element button. You will see that the Titanic is successfully added at the end to the array in the below output.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Method 2: splice()

The splice() function is another built-in array method of JavaScript. It is a special type of function which is used for both adding and removing the elements from a specific index in an array. It can perform both operations together.

This method adds or removes the elements/objects at the specific index defined in it. The new object inserts at the specified index. The splice() method accepts three parameters - starting index¸ number of elements to be deleted, and new elements to be added.

"Note that similar to the push() method, you can add any number of new elements using splice() method in an array."

Syntax

See the syntax of the splice() method below -

An object can be added without removing any other element from the array by specifying the second parameter to 0.

Here, array is a user-defined name of the array, e.g., car, fruits, movie, etc.

Let's understand this array function with the help of examples of how it works. We will discuss both cases:

  1. By removing other elements
  2. Without removing other elements

Example 1: By removing other elements

In this example, we will remove other elements of the array to add new elements to it. The new elements/objects will be added to the array at the specified index given in the code.

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Output

On executing the above code, you will get the response having three series names (Sherlock, Harry Potter, Games of Throne) and an Add Element button like the given below:

How to add object in array using JavaScript

When you click on this Add Element button, firstly, the elements from the array index 1, e.g., a[1] (Harry Potter, Games of Throne) will be removed and then new elements (Prison Break, The Spy, Avengers) will be added to the array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Example 2: Without removing other elements

In this example, we will not remove other elements of the array to add new elements to it. We will just append the new elements to the array from the index as specified in the code.

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Output

On executing the above code, you will get the response having three elements/objects in array initially like the given below:

How to add object in array using JavaScript

When you click on this Add Elements button, it will add two more elements/objects defined by us to the seriesList array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Method 3: unshift()

The unshift() function is one more built-in array method of JavaScript. It is used to add the objects or elements in the array. Unlike the push() method, it adds the elements at the beginning of the array.

"Note that you can add any number of elements in an array using the unshift() method."

Syntax

An objects is passed as a parameter in array.unshift() function as shown in below syntax -

Here, array is a user-defined name of the array, e.g., car, fruits, movie, etc.

Return values

The unshift() method returns the new length of the array after adding the new elements to it. You can store the length of the array returned by the unshift() function in a JavaScript variable.

Example 1

It is a simple example of unshift() function where we will have three elements (movie names ) in an array. Then we will add two more objects to the array by passing the object name in movieList.unshift() method.

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Output

In the below response, you can see that unshift() method returned 5 as the number of elements after adding to the movieList array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Example 2

It is another example of the unshift() function in which we have used an HTML button to call the function to insert the new elements in the array.

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Output: Before clicking the button

By executing the above code, you will get the response having three elements and an Add Element button, as shown below. This Add Element button will help to add new elements to the array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Output: After clicking the button

We have provided three more series names in the JavaScript code to add to that array. So, when you click on this Add Element button, these elements will be added to the array.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Example 3: Take input from the user

In this example, we will take the input from the user through HTML form to insert the element using the unshift() method.

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Test it Now

Output: Before entering new input

By executing the above code, you will initially get the output having three movie names, an input field to take input from the user and an Add Element button to submit the input value.

See the output below:

How to add object in array using JavaScript

Output: After entering a new value

We have provided Titanic as a new element value and clicked on the Add Element button. You will see that the Titanic is successfully added at the beginning of the array in the below output.

How to add object in array using JavaScript

These all the above methods are detailed examples of adding the elements to an array. They work differently, as the push() method adds elements at the end of the array while the unshift() method adds element at the beginning, and the splice() function adds the elements to the specified index in the array.


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