The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID -19) is an infected disease caused by the virus called coronavirus. It is called SARS-CoV-2, which stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.
It arises from the family of virus that causes various illness factors such as respiratory illness and viral illness. It was first reported in 2019 in Wuhan, China, in December. After that, it was further named as COVID- 19 (Coronavirus 2019).
It was declared 'pandemic' by WHO in March 2020.
The cases of COVID-19 are reported by various organizations, such as WHO (World Health Organization), CDC (US Center for Disease and Control), and USAID (US Agency for International Development).
The disease is characterized by cough, shortness of breath, and fever. In the worst cases, it can also lead to respiratory failure.
The virus has killed thousands of people, and many are infected worldwide.
What is Coronavirus?
The coronavirus is originated from the word 'Coronaviridae'. It is from a family of a single-stranded RNA virus. It has a lipid envelop that is covered with arched shaped projections. It consists of causative agents of respiratory illness, viral illness, and COVID-19.
Stages of Coronavirus Disease
There are four stages of Coronavirus disease ranging from mild to severe.
Let's discuss all the four stages.
The countries who reported their first case of Coronavirus disease, enters Stage 1.
The infection spreads from one person to another in the same country in Stage 2.
In stage 3, the virus spreads in a large number of cases. The virus also infects people with no travel history. In such cases, lockdown becomes necessary to control the spread.
Countries like Italy, China, and the UK have already reached stage 3 of Coronavirus pandemic.
The infection in this stage keeps reappearing round the year, such as dengue, etc.
The symptoms of Coronavirus disease are cough, runny nose, fever, sore throat, and headache. The severe case may have difficulty in breathing and body ache.
The scale of symptoms is shown below:
The common symptoms anyone may feel are shown below:
How the Disease spreads?
The Disease spreads from person to person when they are in close contact. The virus is spread in the form of respiratory droplets through sneezing and cough. Such droplets infects another person.
It also spreads when a person touches his/her infected hands on the mouth, eyes, and nose. The infection further transfers to the lungs, through mouth, nose, and eyes.
So, let's discuss some safety measures or preventions of the Coronavirus Disease.
How can it be prevented?
The safety measures or prevention are shown below:
We can use sanitizer in a market place.
The habit of washing our hands after activities, such as hand-shaking, touching objects, sand, etc. should be strictly followed. The more precautions, the more our family and we will be safe.
Note: The sanitizer must contain a minimum of 60% alcohol w/v.
The mask should not be disposed of randomly. Do not use the same mask for a long time. Do not use the mask of any other person.
We should maintain atleast 1m distance with sick people.
There are various myths about Coronavirus Disease. Do not believe in such myths. Always believe on news displayed on national websites, such as WHO websites.
Some of the myths about Coronavirus disease are listed below:
The virus does not depend on temperature. The temperature of the human body is about 36 to 37 degrees Celsius.
Irrespective of the outside temperature of the water, etc., the temperature of the body remains the same.
The virus has already entered into our body. So, spraying chlorine or alcohol further will not have any impact.
Note: The best way to protect ourself is to regularly wash our hands properly with soap and water or alcohol-based solution. It should be performed many times a day.
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