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Coronavirus Disease

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID -19) is an infected disease caused by the virus called coronavirus. It is called SARS-CoV-2, which stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.

It arises from the family of virus that causes various illness factors such as respiratory illness and viral illness. It was first reported in 2019 in Wuhan, China, in December. After that, it was further named as COVID- 19 (Coronavirus 2019).

It was declared 'pandemic' by WHO in March 2020.

The cases of COVID-19 are reported by various organizations, such as WHO (World Health Organization), CDC (US Center for Disease and Control), and USAID (US Agency for International Development).

The disease is characterized by cough, shortness of breath, and fever. In the worst cases, it can also lead to respiratory failure.

The virus has killed thousands of people, and many are infected worldwide.

What is Coronavirus?

The coronavirus is originated from the word 'Coronaviridae'. It is from a family of a single-stranded RNA virus. It has a lipid envelop that is covered with arched shaped projections. It consists of causative agents of respiratory illness, viral illness, and COVID-19.

Coronavirus Disease

Stages of Coronavirus Disease

There are four stages of Coronavirus disease ranging from mild to severe.

Let's discuss all the four stages.

Coronavirus Disease

The countries who reported their first case of Coronavirus disease, enters Stage 1.

Coronavirus Disease

The infection spreads from one person to another in the same country in Stage 2.

Coronavirus Disease

In stage 3, the virus spreads in a large number of cases. The virus also infects people with no travel history. In such cases, lockdown becomes necessary to control the spread.

Countries like Italy, China, and the UK have already reached stage 3 of Coronavirus pandemic.

Coronavirus Disease

The infection in this stage keeps reappearing round the year, such as dengue, etc.


The symptoms of Coronavirus disease are cough, runny nose, fever, sore throat, and headache. The severe case may have difficulty in breathing and body ache.

The scale of symptoms is shown below:

Coronavirus Disease

The common symptoms anyone may feel are shown below:

Coronavirus Disease

How the Disease spreads?

The Disease spreads from person to person when they are in close contact. The virus is spread in the form of respiratory droplets through sneezing and cough. Such droplets infects another person.

It also spreads when a person touches his/her infected hands on the mouth, eyes, and nose. The infection further transfers to the lungs, through mouth, nose, and eyes.

As said,

Coronavirus Disease

So, let's discuss some safety measures or preventions of the Coronavirus Disease.

How can it be prevented?

The safety measures or prevention are shown below:

  • Wash your hands regularly. We should apply soap and rub our hands atleast for 20 seconds.
Coronavirus Disease

We can use sanitizer in a market place.

The habit of washing our hands after activities, such as hand-shaking, touching objects, sand, etc. should be strictly followed. The more precautions, the more our family and we will be safe.

Note: The sanitizer must contain a minimum of 60% alcohol w/v.

  • Do not touch your mouth, eyes, or nose with dirty hands.
  • Cover your face with a mask.
Coronavirus Disease

The mask should not be disposed of randomly. Do not use the same mask for a long time. Do not use the mask of any other person.

  • Avoid close contact with the people who are sick.

We should maintain atleast 1m distance with sick people.

  • Maintain social distance.
Coronavirus Disease
  • Cover your mouth while sneezing or cough. We can also cover our mouth using the bent elbow, as shown below:
Coronavirus Disease
Coronavirus Disease
  • Avoid hand-shaking with anyone.
Coronavirus Disease
  • Stay home when we feel that we are sick.
Coronavirus Disease
  • If you develop any symptom, call the doctor or health provider and get a checkup. You must inform all your recent travel.
  • Follow safe greeting including bow, wave, and a node.


There are various myths about Coronavirus Disease. Do not believe in such myths. Always believe on news displayed on national websites, such as WHO websites.

Some of the myths about Coronavirus disease are listed below:

  • Cold weather and low temperature cannot kill the virus.

The virus does not depend on temperature. The temperature of the human body is about 36 to 37 degrees Celsius.

  • The hot water bath will prevent the disease.

Irrespective of the outside temperature of the water, etc., the temperature of the body remains the same.

  • Spraying chlorine or alcohol on the body will kill the Coronavirus.

The virus has already entered into our body. So, spraying chlorine or alcohol further will not have any impact.

Note: The best way to protect ourself is to regularly wash our hands properly with soap and water or alcohol-based solution. It should be performed many times a day.

Top 50 Coronavirus (Covid-19) Infected Countries LIVE Update

Country Total Cases Total Deaths Total Recovery
USA USA 2,891,267 132,112 1,235,965
Brazil Brazil 1,545,458 63,295 978,615
Russia Russia 674,515 10,027 446,879
India India 650,431 18,669 394,411
Spain Spain 297,625 28,385 N/A
Peru Peru 295,599 10,226 185,852
Chile Chile 288,089 6,051 253,343
UK UK 284,276 44,131 N/A
Mexico Mexico 245,251 29,843 147,205
Italy Italy 241,184 34,833 191,467
Iran Iran 235,429 11,260 196,446
Pakistan Pakistan 225,283 4,619 125,094
Turkey Turkey 203,456 5,186 178,278
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 201,801 1,802 140,614
Germany Germany 197,000 9,073 181,300
South Africa South Africa 177,124 2,952 86,298
France France 166,960 29,893 77,060
Bangladesh Bangladesh 159,679 1,997 70,721
Colombia Colombia 109,505 3,777 45,334
Canada Canada 105,091 8,663 68,693
Qatar Qatar 99,183 123 90,387
China China 83,545 4,634 78,509
Argentina Argentina 72,786 1,437 25,224
Egypt Egypt 72,711 3,201 19,690
Sweden Sweden 71,419 5,420 N/A
Belarus Belarus 62,997 412 49,909
Indonesia Indonesia 62,142 3,089 28,219
Belgium Belgium 61,727 9,765 17,073
Ecuador Ecuador 60,657 4,700 28,391
Iraq Iraq 56,020 2,262 29,600
UAE UAE 50,857 321 39,857
Netherlands Netherlands 50,335 6,113 N/A
Kuwait Kuwait 48,672 360 39,276
Ukraine Ukraine 47,677 1,227 21,115
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 45,719 188 26,750
Oman Oman 45,106 203 26,968
Singapore Singapore 44,664 26 39,769
Portugal Portugal 43,156 1,598 28,424
Philippines Philippines 41,830 1,290 11,453
Bolivia Bolivia 36,818 1,320 10,766
Panama Panama 35,995 698 16,945
Poland Poland 35,719 1,512 23,127
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 35,148 775 18,392
Afghanistan Afghanistan 32,672 826 19,164
Flag Switzerland 32,101 1,965 29,200
Romania Romania 28,582 1,731 19,854
Bahrain Bahrain 28,410 95 23,318
Israel Israel 28,055 326 17,669
Armenia Armenia 27,900 477 15,935
Nigeria Nigeria 27,564 628 11,069
Total: 11,220,009 529,604 6,363,717

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