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Advantages and Disadvantages of Recruitment

Swami Vivekananda famously said that the future of any nation lies in the power of youth. He has faith in the younger generation as this generation is the modern generation, which paved the way for the nation's development. As the countries' population is increasing daily, the world currently has 8 billion people. And out of these 8 billion people, more than half is the younger generation.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Recruitment

A nation with a huge demographic dividend has the potential to achieve the desired goals. Demographic dividends played a very important role in the nation's development as they formed its backbone. The younger generation is the part of demographic dividend. Today world is witnessing rapid growth and development, and in this phase of development, countries invest in the development of skills and knowledge. Without skills and knowledge, the demographic dividend is of no use.

Currently, technology dominates the world; in the development of technology and its usage, the role of education is important. Countries invested in huge skill development, education delivery, and several other social sectors essential for individual development. The reason for the investment is that the latter nation can reap the fruits of individual skills for their usage. Individuals with good skills and knowledge easily get the job. Getting a job is a long process, and it is done through recruitment means. In this article, we discussed recruitment and its advantages and disadvantages.

What is Recruitment?

Recruitment is a long process that includes identifying, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and on boarding individuals and converted into employees of a certain organization. In simple words, it is the process that involves everything from identification to hiring. The number of individuals recruited depends on the size of the organization.

An organization with a large network and operations has a proper recruiter team who recruits a range of individuals based on their skills and knowledge.

Similarly, small Organizations also have recruiters, which may be a single or a group of individuals. For example, the hiring manager performs the hiring process in a small organization. The organization used numerous methods to attract the individual for the job; companies used catchy advertisements, job boards, and social media sites. Also, organizations take the help of outside firms to recruit. Several software programs have also been developed which effectively recruit newcomers. Sometimes individuals for unpaid roles are also recruited.

Most preferably, managers, recruitment specialists, and human resources generalists perform the recruitment function in the organization. But in the case of the public sector government, several government agencies recruited individuals. Now the internet dominates every field and is a widely used tool in recruitment. Today recruitment is very important as it provides the organization with skilful individuals to perform several functions. Because individuals who are working in the company make it a proper formal organization. These recruitment agencies provide the necessary workforce.

What Does Recruitment Involve?

Numerous processes are involved in recruitment because recruitment is unique to each organization. Recruitment is a very long process; it checks the individual from every side before hiring them.

Majorly there are 15 steps involved in the recruitment process -

  1. First thing that the Organization do is that it identified the hiring need
  2. Developed well recruitment plan
  3. Mentioned the job description
  4. Advertisement of the position
  5. Recruit the position
  6. Application for the job will be reviewed
  7. Interview on the phone and initial screening of the applicant
  8. Offline interview
  9. Assessment of application
  10. Checking the background of the applicant
  11. Decision to recruit or not
  12. Checking of references, if any
  13. Offering of a job or offer letter
  14. Hiring of applicant
  15. On boarding of applicant

These 15 steps are performed by every Organization before the recruitment of any person for a specific post. Apart from these steps, some organizations use several other types of steps that are needed in their Organization. For example, if a person wants to join a software company, they should have computer language knowledge, which is an additional criterion for some organizations.

Advantages of Recruitment

Recruitment is essential for hiring an individual for several posts in the Organization. Recruitment has several advantages, some of which are discussed below -

1. Provides Higher Quality Candidates

The main advantage of recruitment is that it provides higher quality candidates for the specific post. The Organization takes time to time to release notifications for the hiring, and the recruiter of the organization takes the recruitment task. The recruiter arranges the process and develops the test suited for the job. And after clearing all the necessary tests, the individual hired.

Under recruitment, the person higher for the job has a high quality of skills, all the necessary knowledge, etc. The applicant has to pass several recruitment tests, and their capabilities are in check in that test. An applicant with a high degree of quality survives till the last and got an appointment letter. The recruiter is an expert in hiring as they possess all the necessary qualifications and are professionally trained to check the applicant at every stage. The recruiters have vast amounts of experience, which they use during the recruitment process and hire the best candidate.

2. Ensures Faster Hiring

The process of hiring is a very long and tedious task. It involves a variety of things which makes the recruitment process very long and sometimes leads to a loss of interest among the applicant. The recruitment process provides solutions to the long process of hiring and maintaining the applicant's interest. Recruitment ensures the faster hiring of individuals for several posts. With the proper usage of a recruitment agency or recruiter, organizations can shift the workload towards them.

So the working of the organization is not disturbed by the hiring process. Recruitment provides several solutions to the hiring process as it ensures the timely hiring of the applicant, proper working of the organization, best candidate selection, etc.

3. Helps Hire Applicants with Specialist Knowledge

Today's world is witnessing rapid growth and development in almost every field, most importantly in the technological domain. The need for specialists increased day by day. To fulfill this, recruiters have to hire individuals with specialist knowledge. Recruitment agencies hire individuals with certain skills suited to the need of the task, knowledge of technology, and other specialties.

The recruiter hires individuals according to the needs of the market. So for the management section, the recruiter has to hire individuals with management degrees and some work experience as the recruitment agency has been aware of prevailing market conditions, so they hired individuals according to the need of the market in general and according to the need of the Organization in particular.

4. Promotes Business Growth and Innovation

Currently, the world is dominated by technology in almost every field. Now companies need a person with better skills to cope with society's changing needs. The role of recruitment in business growth and innovation is very important as it forms the company's backbone. The organization is because of its employees and employees selected through recruitment.

The company's growth depends on the workforce performing all the necessary tasks. And this workforce contributes to the growth of the company. The recruiter hires those candidates who further enhance the company's performance. So by hiring quality candidates, the recruitment agency contributes to the growth and innovation of the organization. Innovation is another need of the company; today, all the companies are digitally present. To manage the company digitally suitable candidates need to manage the company digitally and contribute to profit maximization. Recruitment agencies hire individuals who perform digital work on behalf of a company.

Disadvantages of Recruitment

An organization is an association of people who work together to achieve the same goal. And these people are selected for the post through a proper recruitment process. And this recruitment in the organization also has several disadvantages; some of the disadvantages of recruitment are discussed below:

1. Recruitment May Stagnate the Company's Culture

The recruitment process saves lots of time, energy, and resources for the organization but also has some drawbacks. The most notable disadvantage of recruitment is that it leads to the stagnation of the work in the organization. Generally, existing employees are resistant to the new workforce; they try to maintain the status quo in the company. They work less effectively as they think the newly hired workforce does all the work. And the old workforce does work inefficiently.

The new workforce is aware of new technologies, so the old workforce has to compete with the new workforce. And this type of recruitment increases the workload on the existing workforce to learn new technologies and sometimes creates hostile attitudes toward them. Recruitment generally occurs when there is a need for a new workforce. As the company increases their work, they work on some new technology. To meet this demand, recruitment is done.

2. Increases Training Costs of the New Applicants

The newly recruited employees may need additional training. If the applicant is hired through recruitment, he may possess only some of the desired qualities. They need additional training. And to teach new skills to the new applicants, an additional cost is required. If a recruiter doesn't possess desired qualities, they must work hard to sustain themselves in the company. And this creates a financial burden on the company and the individual too.

3. Recruitment Agencies have Limited Choices

Recruitment is a very long process that takes lots of time to complete. Companies need individuals for specific posts and specific work. And according to the needs of the company recruitment agency hire individuals and suggests names to the organization. But sometimes these could be more efficient. The recruitment agency has to choose from a small pool of options as limited individuals possess the desired skills. And from this individuals recruiter have to make choices. Sometimes recruiters hire individuals who have a low category of skills with degrees or certificates.

4. May Leads to Workplace Hostility

There is a hierarchy in the workplace; from top to bottom, every post is accorded to the person with enough skills and abilities to handle that post. Recruitment leads to the addition of new members to the company, and sometimes it leads to hostility. For instance, if a new applicant is hired for a certain post, but that post is of a higher rank, this recruitment creates different attitudes among lower employees.

The existing workforce is very resistant to change. They tried to maintain the status quo in the company, but because of the new applicant, there was a change in the company's work. This also creates hostility among members of the company. Sometimes managers are too resistant to change because they want to retain their existing members.


Recruitment is necessary for any organization as it brings new employees with new ideas and challenges the existing workforce with an old mind-set. Recruitment has to make more robust as it provides jobs to millions of people and indirectly contributes to developing individuals and nations.

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