Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

7-ZIP

7-Zip is a free and open-source file archiver tool used to compress or decompress a group of files. It is an award-winning tool with high performance. It was developed in 1999 by Pavlov. It supports its own archive format, but it can perform read and write operations on other archive formats.

The 7-Zip tool can be used by the command-line interface as well as the graphical user interface. The p7zip is the port of the command-line interface. It is useful for placing a group of files in one place.

In this section, we will see the introduction & features of 7-Zip. Further, we will see how to download & use the 7-Zip tool on different platforms.

Supported Platforms

The 7-Zip is available for different versions of Windows and Linux operating systems. It supports the following versions:

  • Windows : Windows 10 / 8 / 7 / Vista / XP / 2019 / 2016 / 2012 / 2008 / 2003 / 2000.
  • Linux: p7zip is the port of the command-line interface version.

Features of 7-ZIP

Some supported features of 7-Zip are as following:

  • It supports encryption for both the 7z hierarchy and files.
  • It allows using backups of documents from external media such as CDs and DVDs
  • It provides a powerful file manager.
  • It supports multiple-core CPU threading.
  • It allows us to open EXE files as archives.
  • It also allows us to decompress the "Setup" or "Installer" files.
  • It supports the creation of self-extracting single volumes.
  • It provides a command-line as well as a graphical user interface.
  • It provides integration with Windows Shell
  • It supports plug-in for FAR manager
  • It is available in 87 different languages.
  • It provides technical support to its users.

What is 7z Format

The 7z is an archive format that provides a high compression ratio. The 7z archive format contains the following features:

  • Open architecture
  • High compression ratio
  • Strong AES-256 encryption
  • The ability to use any compression, conversion or encryption method
  • Supporting files with sizes up to 16000000000 GB
  • Unicode file names
  • Solid compressing
  • Archive headers compressing

Why 7-ZIP

The following are some reasons to choose the 7-Zip:

  • Free
  • High compression ratio
  • Free for commercial use
  • Localized ( Available in 87 languages)
  • Windows Integration
  • Secure (AES-256 file encryption)
  • Powerful file manager

How to Download & Install 7-Zip

The 7-Zip can be downloaded for free; click here to download the 7-Zip.

7-ZIP

Click on the above download link as per system requirement. It will download an installer file.

Now, run the installer file and follow basic installation prompts. It will install the 7-Zip archive tool for your system. We are not required to set any path to use it.

Now, the 7-Zip tool is successfully installed on our Windows machine.

Install 7-ZIP on Linux

To install it in Linux (Ubuntu) system, execute the below commands:

The above command will start a daemon process and install the 7-Zip on our Linux system. Consider the below snap of terminal:

7-ZIP

How to Use 7-ZIP

We can compress and decompress files using the 7-Zip tool. It is a free & easy tool.

To Compress the files into one file, follow the below steps:

Step1: Open 7-Zip

The first step is to open the 7-Zip file manager.

Step2: Select Files

Now, select the files from the file manager.

Step3: Click on the + icon

After selecting files, click on the '+' icon given at the menu of 7-Zip:

7-ZIP

Step4: Specify the Archive Setting

The Add option will open a dialog window to specify the archive settings such as format, name, etc.

7-ZIP

Specify the properties such as archive name and format and hit the Enter key to compress it. We can also set the password by specifying it in the Encryption menu. It will compress several files into one file.

To compress the files in Zip format, select the Zip option from the Archive format menu.

Now, understand how to extract files using the 7-Zip tool.

To extract files, right-click on the file, select the 7-Zip option, and select the specific option.

7-ZIP

The Extract Here option will extract the files to the same folder. To extract files to a particular folder, select the Extract Files option & specify the folder.

Hence, we can easily compress and decompress files using the 7-Zip in Windows.

Let's understand how to use it in Linux:

How to Use 7-Zip in Linux

The Linux operating system is different from Windows. In a Linux system, Most of the operations are performed using the command-line interface. So the 7Zip utility is used through the command-line interface. It supports the 7z command to perform the compress and decompress operations.

Let's understand how to compress files using 7Zip in Linux:

Create/Add a New Compressed Document

Using the 7z command, we can create a new compressed file in a supported compress format such as 7z or zip.

Syntax:

For example, to add all the files from the New folder, execute the below commands:

To list all the files from the folder, execute the below command:

The above command will list all files from the New folder:

7-ZIP

Now, compress all these files into one file, execute the below command:

for example,

The Above command will create zip files having all the files in the same directory. To verify the operation, execute the ls command. Consider the below output:

7-ZIP

Display Content From Compressed File

To display the content from compressed files, execute the command as follows:

The above command will display all the files from the compressed file. For example, consider the below command:

The above command will display all the files from the archivedfiles.zip file. Consider the below output:

7-ZIP

Remove a File from the Compressed Document

Using the 7Zip, we can also remove a particular file from the compressed document. To remove a particular file from the document, execute the command as follows:

For example, to remove the test1.txt from the archivedfiles.zip file, the command will be executed as follows:

The above command will remove the test1.txt file from the specified file:

7-ZIP

To confirm the file status, execute the below command:

Now, we are done with compressing; let's see how to extract files:

Decompress Files From a Compressed File

Using the 7Zip, we can extract files from a compressed file having supported file formats such as 7z, Zip, etc. To decompress a file, execute the command as follows:

The above command will extract files from the specified files to the same folder. For example, extract files from the archivedfiles.zip file.

The above command will extract files to the same folder. Consider the below output:

7-ZIP

If there are existing files in the directory with the same name, it will ask to replace them. We can choose Yes, No, Always, Skip all, Rename tasks. To replace files, type 'Y' & hit the Enter key. It will replace files; consider the below output:

7-ZIP

Hence, we have successfully extracted files from the archivedfiles.zip file. Similarly, you can install & use the 7Zip tool to compress and decompress the files on Windows & Linux operating system.






Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now

Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Preparation


Trending Technologies


B.Tech / MCA