Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

What is SIEM Tool?

SIEM stands for Security information and event management. SIEM is an approach to security management that combines security information management (SIM), and security event management (SEM) functions into one security management system. The acronym SIEM is pronounced SIM with a silent e.

SIEM is a software solution that aggregates and analyzes activity from many different resources across the entire IT infrastructure.

SIEM collects security data from network devices, servers, domain controllers, and more. It stores, normalizes, aggregates, and applies analytics to that data to discover trends, detect threats, and enable organizations to investigate any alerts.

  • SEM: It analyzes log and event data to provide threat monitoring, event correlation, and incident response in real-time. It notifies network admin about important issues and establishes correlations between security events.
  • SIM: It collects data from log files for analysis and reports on security threats and events.

The underlying principles of every SIEM system are to aggregate relevant data from multiple sources, identify deviations from the norm and take appropriate action. For example, when a potential issue is detected, a SIEM system might log additional information, generate an alert and instruct other security controls to stop an activity's progress.

A SIEM system can be a rules-based statistical correlation engine to establish relationships between event log entries. Advanced SIEM systems have evolved to include user and entity behavior analytics (UEBA) and security orchestration, automation and response (SOAR).

SIEM systems work by hierarchically deploying multiple collection agents to gather security-related events from end-user devices, servers and network equipment, and specialized security equipment, such as firewalls, antivirus or intrusion prevention systems (IPS).

The collectors forward events to a centralized management console, where security analysts sift through the noise, connecting the dots and prioritizing security incidents.

The security information and event management process can be broken down as follows:

  • Data collection: All sources of network security information, such as servers, operating systems, firewalls, antivirus software and intrusion prevention systems are configured to feed event data into a SIEM tool.
  • Policies: A profile is created by the SIEM administrator, which defines enterprise systems' behavior, both under normal conditions and during pre-defined security incidents. SIEMs provide default rules, alerts, reports, and dashboards that can be tuned and customized to fit specific security needs.
  • Data consolidation and correlation: SIEM solutions consolidate, parse and analyze log files. Events are then categorized based on the raw data and apply correlation rules that combine individual data events into meaningful security issues.
  • Notifications: If an event or set of events triggers a SIEM rule, the system notifies security personnel.

How Does SIEM Work?

SIEM software collects and aggregates log data generated throughout the organization's technology infrastructure, from host systems and applications to network and security devices such as firewalls and antivirus filters.

The software then identifies and categorizes incidents and events, as well as analyzes them. SIEM provides two primary capabilities, such as:

  1. Provide reports on security-related incidents and events, such as successful and failed logins, malware activity and other possibly malicious activities.
  2. And send alerts if analysis shows that an activity runs against predetermined rulesets and indicates a potential security issue.

At its core, SIEM is a data aggregator, search, and reporting system. SIEM gathers immense amounts of data from the entire networked environment, consolidates and makes that data human accessible.

Benefits of SIEM

Here are some benefits of using SIEM, such as:

  • SIEM makes it easier for enterprises to manage security by filtering massive amounts of security data and prioritizing the security alerts the software generates.
  • SIEM software enables organizations to detect incidents that may otherwise go undetected.
  • A SIEM system can also help an organization meet compliance requirements by automatically generating reports that include all the logged security events among these sources. Without SIEM software, the company would have to gather log data and compile the reports manually.
  • Companies can use it for various use cases that revolve around data or logs, including security programs, audit and compliance reporting, help desk and network troubleshooting.
  • It supports large amounts of data so organizations can continue to scale out and increase their data.
  • It provides threat detection and security alerts.
  • It can perform detailed forensic analysis in the event of major security breaches.

SIEM Tools

There is several security information and event management tools in the IT market which have been around for more than a decade. SIEM tools are the most effective way for organizations to protect sensitive data. Larger enterprises are the primary customers for SIEM tools since they are the most likely to require IT oversight. However, small and mid-sized businesses (SMBs) can still enjoy the benefits of SIEM capabilities, often through a partnership with a managed service provider (MSP).

The best SIEM tools are adept at using past trends to differentiate between actual threats and legitimate use, enabling you to avoid false alarms while ensuring optimal protection.

1. Splunk

Splunk Enterprise Security is a popular option that has been around for over a decade. As the name implies, this is an enterprise-level option, which means the licensing costs are not particularly competitive. This tool may be too pricey.

We can get this tool as on-premises software or as a SaaS solution. The dashboard has useful visualizations, such as graphs and charts.

What is SIEM Tool

It provides real-time threat monitoring, rapid investigations using visual correlations and investigative analysis to trace the dynamic activities associated with advanced security threats.

The Splunk SIEM is available as locally installed software or as a cloud service. It supports threat intelligence feed integration from third-party apps.

2. IBM QRadar

IBM QRadar collects log data from sources in an enterprise's information system, including network devices, operating systems, applications and user activities.

The QRadar SIEM analyzes log data in real-time, enabling users to quickly identify and stop attacks.

What is SIEM Tool

QRadar can also collect log events and network flow data from cloud-based applications. This SIEM also supports threat intelligence feeds.

QRadar is another popular SIEM tool that can deploy as a hardware appliance, a virtual appliance, or a software appliance, depending on the organization's needs and capacity. QRadar can integrate with Varonis to add Advanced Threat Detection capabilities.

Businesses looking to integrate a wide range of logs across their critical systems will likely find QRadar reliable. This IBM product has smart features that catch a diversity of ever-changing threats. It is not necessarily the most intuitive product, as it has a complex architecture to match its capabilities.

3. ArcSight

ArcSight has an open architecture, which gives it a few standout capabilities. This tool can consume data from a wider range of sources than many SIEM products, and its structured data can be used outside of ArcSight, which may be useful for more expert IT teams.

It collects and analyzes log data from an enterprise's security technologies, operating systems and applications. Once a malicious threat is detected, the system alerts security personnel.

What is SIEM Tool

ArcSight can also start an automatic reaction to stop malicious activity. Another feature is the ability to integrate third-party threat intelligence feeds for more accurate threat detection.

4. SolarWinds Security Event Manager

SolarWinds Security Event Manager provides all the log management features, such as security event-time correlation, compliance reporting, and advanced analytics features.

What is SIEM Tool

It is built for businesses that are specifically looking for robust log monitoring and better prioritization and response for incident management.

We can also use the tool's file integrity checker to track access and other changes made to files and folders. This tool customizes and improves security with data encryption, SSO/smart card integration, and the ability to block IPs, applications, and USBs as needed.

5. SolarWinds Threat Monitor

SolarWinds Threat Monitor is a powerful security-focused SIEM solution that analyzes security log info across various sources and cross-checks anomalies against a continuously updated global threat database. This tool gives automated, intelligent responses to security events with comprehensive alerts.

What is SIEM Tool

The tool is available for both on-premises or in the cloud. It comes with a year of archival log space and indexed log capabilities for easier normalization and search. It also comes with a 14 days free trial, with the cloud version being a very popular choice for MSPs.

6. LogRhythm

LogRhythm NextGen SIEM is a solid, fast option for critical log management on Windows. The tool is easy to deploy for trained IT staff, and the dashboard helps simplify workflow. If we have specific compliance standards and know the queries, it is quick to configure the reports.

What is SIEM Tool

This tool has rapidly-evolving AI and automation features. This platform does not scale, particularly for larger businesses, and there is limited support if we need to expand into cloud environments.

7. AlienVault Unified Security Management

AlienVault unified security management tool is an option for SMBs looking for an entry-level SIEM product, and it can be implemented on both Mac and Windows. This tool doesn't offer the breadth of features of leading competitors. It recently added endpoint detection and new response capabilities.

What is SIEM Tool

8. RSA NetWitness Suite

RSA NetWitness Suite is another option for log management and threat intelligence. This tool allows for robust threat analysis.

What is SIEM Tool

It can recreate full sessions to see exactly what happened during an attack and get insight into hackers' strategy with automated behavioral analytics.

This tool is on the upper end of the pricing spectrum to be more appropriate for enterprises.

9. Sumo Logic

This tool is a new cloud-based platform appropriate for both cost and features for SMBs. Since the product is new, there isn't much of a community base in place, but Sumo Logic claims its product fills gaps in IT security that other products have missed, especially when it comes to cloud deployments.

What is SIEM Tool

NOTE: This tool seems to have more of a technical user in mind, so the design features aren't as appealing.

10. McAfee Enterprise Security Manager

This is a familiar tool, but be warned that other McAfee products have been discontinued in the past. The product's log sharing with tools from other vendors isn't straightforward.

What is SIEM Tool

If you are already implementing other McAfee products like their famed antivirus software, it may make sense to choose a McAfee SIEM solution to streamline your operations.

In any case, selecting this solution will get basic dashboard management and reporting capabilities.

11. Securonix

Securonix is a rare SIEM tool that is easy to use for users and advanced security teams. The Securonix is a Full-featured tool with strong behavioral and data monitoring.

What is SIEM Tool

Securonix ties up with LogRhythm and IBM to managed Value, Deployment, Ease of Use and Detection, with Response and Management right behind.

The cloud-delivered service is priced based on the number of employees, making it one of the simpler pricing schemes in a market where data and incident volume predominate.

12. Fortinet

Fortinet tool is a good choice for those who want strong security, particularly for existing Fortinet customers.

What is SIEM Tool

Fortinet tool has undergone more third-party testing than any other vendor on this list. Its breach and intrusion prevention, gateways and EDR capabilities have all been tested by NSS Labs. Fortinet SIEM tool scored highest in Detection, Response and Management.

Users are high on the SIEM product's real-time monitoring capabilities, with behavioral monitoring being one area, the product could improve.

SIEM Tools Methodology

We analyzed third-party test data, user reviews, product features, analyst reports, resellers, and vendor-supplied pricing. Here is an explanation of rating categories, such as:

  • Detection: It is not just the SIEM product that stops a high percentage of threats. It also offers features to respond to advanced and emerging threats and user opinions of the product's capabilities.
  • Response: It means how well the product removes threats, alerts security teams and guides response.
  • Management: This feature gives the security team control over a broad range of attack surfaces and vectors.
  • Ease of use: The higher score, the more suitable the product may be for SMBs or less experienced security teams.
  • Support: Everyone contacting support has a problem that needs solving, so responsiveness matters
  • Value: Value is not just price, but is also found in advanced features and high security that cost less than competing products and save companies data breach costs and security staff time in the process.
  • Deployment: It not just how easy a product is to implement but also how well it integrates with user environments.

Next TopicFile extensions




Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now

Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Preparation


Trending Technologies


B.Tech / MCA